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    #141 Kunal Shah: Core Human Motivations

    Effective communication, simplifying ideas, addressing emotional and functional benefits, envisioning growth, and leveraging actionable insights can enhance a founder's chances of success.

    enJune 28, 2022

    About this Episode

    My guest is Indian entrepreneur and venture capitalist Kunal Shah who calls on his decades of entrepreneurial experience to discuss what he’s learned about what motivates people, and how observing trends hiding in plain sight has made him a runaway success in business.

    We also discuss the many cultural differences between India and the West, what he learned growing up in the family business and how he applies it today, observing reality, why he dropped out of an MBA program, strategies for decision-making, and so much more.

    --

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    🔑 Key Takeaways

    • Growing up in a business family in India not only provides valuable lessons in resilience and understanding of value, but also fosters a strong sense of community and support for entrepreneurial endeavors.
    • Don't let the fear of failure or judgment hold you back. Taking risks and pursuing unique opportunities can lead to personal growth and success in various aspects of life.
    • Understanding cultural values, personalization, and the concept of time is crucial for successful business ventures in Asian markets, while standardization is important for scaling once a product-market fit is achieved.
    • Standardized entities offer scalability but lack vulnerability, while non-standardized entities may not be replicable but have the potential to create memorable experiences and emotional connections, leading to opportunities and riskier behavior.
    • As technology disrupts traditional utility providers, companies must adapt by offering free services and focusing on building trust. In diverse societies, trust-building is crucial for fostering economic growth.
    • Trust and diversity are both crucial for societal progress. A healthy balance between similarity and diversity is necessary to drive innovation without causing chaos. Understanding this role is essential for societal cohesion and growth.
    • Indian society needs to recognize the value of time and prioritize efficiency in order to maximize productivity and financial growth. The success of Freecharge demonstrates the impact of incentives and convenience on consumer behavior.
    • Success as a founder lies in identifying the right market opportunities and understanding the motivations of your target audience. Technical skills alone are not enough to create products that resonate with users.
    • Indian founders must consider the local context and the Delta 4 framework to create successful products and services that cater to the specific needs and behaviors of Indian consumers.
    • By focusing on a specific target audience, understanding their motivations, and challenging common market assumptions, startups can build trust, improve lives, and achieve greater success.
    • Effective communication, simplifying ideas, addressing emotional and functional benefits, envisioning growth, and leveraging actionable insights can enhance a founder's chances of success.
    • Understanding and catering to core human motivations, such as social status and future generations, can lead to unique business opportunities and increased revenue.
    • Societal and cultural values influence how individuals prioritize familial responsibilities and personal fulfillment, leading to differences in spending, social rituals, and career choices. Understanding these nuances helps us understand different societies.
    • Exploring diverse connections and understanding origin stories can lead to valuable insights by identifying patterns and uncovering often overlooked details. Shamelessness in sharing ideas fosters exchange and generates new insights.
    • Being willing to take risks, embrace vulnerability, and let go of fear of judgment can lead to personal growth, increased resilience, and opportunities for success in life.
    • Instead of seeking external validation and comparing ourselves to others, we should focus on continuous improvement and surround ourselves with ambitious individuals to break free from the need to constantly win within our immediate network.
    • By focusing on imitating successful tactics, questioning everything we learn, and fostering curiosity, we can enhance our own processes and increase our chances of achieving success.
    • Understanding the underlying problems and reasons behind product usage is essential for creating enduring businesses. However, seeking truth in today's information overload can be challenging, as simplistic stories and media manipulation hinder effective information processing.
    • Constant stimulation and quick decision-making in the digital age are diminishing our ability to tolerate complexities, leading to a more opinionated and intolerant society.
    • Surprises that are familiar and lack threat can increase excitement and intrigue, while the ability to keep secrets can lead to wealth and success. Both surprises and secrets significantly impact our emotions, perceptions, and overall well-being.
    • Trustworthiness and access to information are essential for accumulating wealth, while sustainable energy sources and informed decision-making contribute to societal growth and efficiency. Emotions play a role, but should not be the sole determinant in decision-making.
    • By considering the long-term implications of our actions and relationships, we can make better decisions, avoid poor behavior, and ultimately achieve greater success in various aspects of life.
    • Seeking various viewpoints and embracing curiosity can enhance decision making by overcoming blind spots and adopting a broader frame of reference.
    • By incorporating multiple perspectives, public accountability, and evaluating opportunity cost, we can make better decisions aligned with our goals and achieve personal growth.
    • Creating an environment that attracts and retains high performers is crucial for a company's success, as their presence can significantly impact overall performance and success.

    📝 Podcast Summary

    Lessons from growing up in a business family in India

    Growing up in a business family provides valuable lessons. In India, the business community has a strong sense of self and a lower level of shame compared to other communities. They prioritize the financial upside of a deal over their status or dignity, making them resilient in the face of mockery or lower societal standing. Additionally, being exposed to business from a young age helps them develop a natural understanding of value and profit margins. They break things down to unit economics as a way of small talk. These individuals also have a keen eye for spotting new trends, allowing them to enter into lucrative businesses before others. Furthermore, the sense of community among business families in Gujarat is admirable. They offer lower interest rates and provide a soft landing for those whose businesses fail, fostering support and success within their community.

    Overcoming fear and embracing risk for growth and success

    The fear of failure and the fear of being shamed can hinder our ability to take risks and propel ourselves forward. When children are constantly shamed and made to fear failure, it can create a long-term belief that risking reputation is not worth it. However, in order to develop substance, networks, wealth, and experience, we must be willing to take risks and not be concerned with what others think. The example of the Gujarat communities in India showcases how their willingness to take risks has led to their success in investing compared to the rest of society. Business experiences as a child also taught Kunal Shah the value of personalized and unique offerings, which people were willing to pay more for. Overall, taking risks and not fearing failure can lead to growth and success.

    Cultural nuances and societal values drive successful business ventures and influence monetization strategies in different markets.

    Understanding cultural nuances and societal values is crucial for successful business ventures. Kunal Shah learned that people love personalization, higher status, and unique skills for their children, which allowed him to create successful products and services. He also discovered that Western companies often struggle to monetize in Asian markets because they fail to understand what people are willing to pay for. Additionally, the concept of time and its value differs greatly between Western and Asian societies, impacting decision-making and the monetization of time-saving products. Furthermore, the conversation delves into the idea that standardization is necessary for scaling a business, but it can diminish soulfulness and creativity. Nonetheless, once a product-market fit is achieved, standardized processes can be implemented to effectively scale the business.

    The Power of Standardization and Non-Standardization: Scalability vs. Memorability

    Standardized things are easier to disrupt than non-standardized things. This applies to various aspects of life, including religion, businesses, and products/services. Standardized entities are hard to scale, as they often lack the ability to duplicate their success in multiple locations or contexts. However, they are also hard to destroy because there is no clear point of attack or vulnerability. On the other hand, non-standardized entities may not be as efficient or easily replicable, but they have the potential to create memorable experiences and emotional connections. People are willing to pay or invest time and money in things that meet their core motivations and offer the possibility of increasing their social status. This asymmetry creates opportunities for gross margins to exist and for riskier behavior to occur, particularly during times of crisis.

    Evolving Business Models and the Power of Trust in the Digital Age

    Business models are evolving in a way that requires companies to be more "skin in the game" rather than relying on rent-seeking tactics. The cost to provide utility is dropping, leading to a decrease in revenue expectations from utility-driven businesses. Technology companies are disrupting traditional utility providers by offering free services and cross-selling higher margin products or services. This disruption is driven by the ease of offering utility on the internet without the need for licenses. In low-trust societies, there tends to be a concentration of trust in certain entities, leading to the emergence of super apps and conglomerates. This concentration of trust creates familiarity, which in turn increases market caps and revenue concentration. Furthermore, trust in societies is more common in societies with low diversity of ethnicity. This understanding raises the need to promote trust-building efforts in diverse societies to foster economic growth.

    The role of trust and diversity in societal cohesion and growth.

    Trust plays a crucial role in the dynamics of society. As societies become more diverse, trust tends to decline, leading to the emergence of authoritarian leaders. People naturally trust those who are similar to them, therefore, in a less diverse society, trust is more prevalent. However, if a society becomes too similar, innovation suffers, and if it becomes too dissimilar, trust dies. There needs to be a healthy mix of diversity and similarity to drive progress without causing chaos. Additionally, in low trust societies, big companies can gain a trust grant, allowing them to expand into adjacent marketplaces with ease, while trust in their brand may not extend to unrelated industries. Understanding the role of trust and diversity is crucial for societal cohesion and growth.

    The Value of Time and Efficiency in Indian Society

    There is a lack of understanding about the value of time in Indian society, which stems from a flawed concept of monthly salary and a culture that prioritizes efficiency. This lack of understanding has led to inefficient behaviors, such as spending hours deleting old pictures instead of investing in cloud storage or working hard to save small amounts of money. Despite being a large market for software providers, Indian businesses do not pay for software because they do not fully grasp its potential to increase efficiency. However, the increasing wealth in India may lead to a slow change in this mindset. The conversation also highlights the importance of incentives and convenience in driving consumer behavior, as seen in the success of the first startup, Freecharge, which offered vouchers for mobile phone recharges.

    Finding the "river of motivation" in a market is key to success for founders

    Understanding the market and identifying the right opportunities are crucial for success as a founder. Kunal Shah emphasizes the importance of finding a market with favorable conditions, referring to it as a "river of motivation." He contrasts this with building in a market that lacks demand, likening it to building a dam in a desert. He also highlights the lack of focus on human motivation in India's education system, which can hinder the creation of products that resonate with users. Furthermore, he notes that Indians excel at cracking existing exams or systems but struggle to create new ones. This highlights the need for founders to not only possess technical skills but also understand the needs and motivations of their target audience.

    Understanding the Indian Consumer Mindset and the Delta 4 Framework

    In India, there are certain areas where people are willing to spend a significant amount of money, such as weddings, medical treatments, and education. However, this consumer behavior is often not understood by Indian founders, who tend to replicate Western business models without considering local context. Kunal Shah developed a framework called the Delta 4 framework, which draws parallels between the evolution of startups and biological evolution. The framework suggests that for a product or service to be successful, it must significantly increase efficiency, creating an irreversible behavior change, generating a unique brag-worthy proposition (UBP), and reducing local entropy. This framework highlights the importance of understanding the local market and delivering solutions that truly improve efficiency for users.

    The Significance of Targeting Niche Customer Segments and Challenging Market Assumptions

    Kunal Shah realized the importance of focusing on a niche customer segment instead of targeting a broad market. He understood that building a startup for the top 25 million customers in India, who value their time and have the financial capacity to spend, would be more beneficial than acquiring millions of customers who couldn't be monetized. Kunal challenged the common belief that India's vast population automatically translates to a massive market. He recognized that global companies were eager to win in India because they had lost in China, but the market size was not as large as perceived. Furthermore, Kunal emphasized the need to create trust and improve the lives of affluent individuals who face difficulties in obtaining visas and accessing services. Overall, this conversation highlights the significance of understanding customer motivations, focusing on specific target audiences, and challenging conventional market assumptions.

    Essential qualities and frameworks for successful founders

    Successful founders possess certain key qualities and frameworks that contribute to their success. One important quality is the ability to effectively communicate and adapt their pitch, whether it involves switching languages or changing the level of conversation. Good founders are also able to distill their ideas into a simple, transmissible message that can be easily understood by others. They understand the importance of addressing both the functional and emotional benefits of their product or service, and they can envision the potential growth and market size of their business. Additionally, successful founders possess actionable insights that may not be immediately obvious, but make sense when explained. By understanding and applying these frameworks, founders can increase their chances of success.

    Uncovering core human motivations for business success.

    Understanding the core human motivations, such as improving social status and ensuring the success of future generations, can provide valuable insights for building successful businesses. By analyzing data and identifying patterns, businesses can uncover unique opportunities to cater to these motivations and create products and services that resonate with consumers on a deeper level. For example, Kunal Shah's insight about the importance of status in Indian society led to the recommendation of launching a product line focused on living room renovation, which resulted in a significant revenue increase for a home renovation company. These core motivations may manifest differently across different cultures, but they remain constant and can be leveraged to drive business success.

    Cultural Differences in Priorities and Behaviors

    Societal and cultural values shape our priorities and behaviors. In Asian societies, individuals are raised to view their children as assets, investing in their future and expecting them to take care of the family in return. This sense of obligation and commitment to family extends even after individuals no longer have a legal obligation to support their parents. In contrast, Western societies often emphasize individualism and self-actualization, focusing on personal growth and fulfillment rather than familial responsibilities. The concept of status, belonging, and respect plays a significant role in Asian cultures, leading to a strong desire for recognition and appreciation within the community. This cultural difference is reflected in various aspects of life, such as spending patterns, social rituals like weddings, and even career choices. By understanding these cultural nuances, we can gain insights into how different societies prioritize and approach various aspects of life.

    Connecting Dots and Uncovering Insights

    Making diverse connections and exploring origin stories can lead to valuable insights. Kunal Shah expresses his admiration for Shane's ability to connect dots from different industries and backgrounds, highlighting the importance of going deep or wide in order to make meaningful connections. By studying the history and origin stories of various things, Kunal discovers first principles that connect and sees patterns repeating. He finds fascination in uncovering these often overlooked details and believes that his core purpose in life is to hunt for insights. Additionally, Kunal emphasizes the importance of shamelessness in making conjectures and putting them out there for discussion and refinement. This open approach allows for the exchange of ideas and the generation of new insights.

    Embracing Vulnerability for Personal Growth

    Being willing to look like an idiot in the short term can actually provide a significant advantage in life. Kunal Shah emphasizes the importance of taking risks and being unafraid of judgment when it comes to sharing ideas and making connections. He believes that the fear of looking foolish holds people back from growth and success. Additionally, the conversation highlights the power of pride and shame in shaping behavior. Kunal suggests that by turning something shameful into a matter of pride, one can manipulate others into accepting and embracing certain behaviors. Conversely, removing external identities and attachments can make individuals less susceptible to manipulation and triggers. Overall, the key takeaway is that being open to vulnerability and embracing discomfort can lead to personal growth and increased resilience.

    The Importance of Internal Validation for Personal Growth and Success

    Our locus of control plays a crucial role in determining our happiness and success. When we constantly seek external validation and base our self-worth on the opinions and achievements of others, we end up sacrificing our own personal growth and substance. The education system, for example, often emphasizes memorization over understanding, leading to feelings of inadequacy for those who struggle with rote learning. Instead of benchmarking ourselves against external standards, we should focus on continuous improvement relative to our past selves. Envy and comparison tend to be hyper-local, limited to those within our immediate network. To overcome this trap, it is important to expand our network and surround ourselves with ambitious individuals, enabling us to break free from the constant need to win within our local league and pursue personal growth on a broader scale.

    The Power of Observation and Curiosity in Achieving Success

    In order to improve and achieve success, it is important to focus on copying tactics and imitating at a micro level rather than comparing outcomes at a macro level. By observing and learning from those who are at the next level of success in their field, we can gain valuable insights and enhance our own processes. It is crucial to seek truth and question everything we learn, fostering a mindset of curiosity and continuous learning. Encouraging children to ask "why" questions from an early age can cultivate their intellectual curiosity and help them develop a deeper understanding of the world. By promoting truth-seeking and a passion for knowledge, individuals can become more insightful and increase their chances of achieving success.

    Finding Success through Truth and Knowledge

    Entrepreneurs who consistently find success are driven by a love for truth and knowledge. They are in the business of seeking truth and adapting to the constantly evolving landscape of disruption. Superficial truth-seeking is not enough to create enduring businesses. It is important to understand the underlying problems that need to be solved and why people are using your product, rather than just what you're saying it solves. However, seeking truth requires energy and processing power, which can be limited in today's information overload. This is why many people are drawn to simplistic stories rather than the complexities of truth. Additionally, the media often manipulates our attention and emotions, further diminishing our ability to process information effectively.

    The Impact of Information Overload on Society's Tolerance for Nuance

    Our ability to tolerate and appreciate nuance is diminishing due to the overwhelming amount of information we are bombarded with through social media and the internet. As a result, people are becoming more opinionated and are drawn to authoritarian leaders who offer simple solutions in chaotic times. The younger generation, in particular, is accustomed to constant stimulation and quick decision-making, lacking the time or interest to delve into complexities. This lack of processing power and focus on instant gratification can lead to a more intolerant society. Additionally, the conversation highlights how wealth and success are tied to the ability to navigate nuances and hold valuable information, while the transient sources of information flow through quickly. Ultimately, our brains seek surprises and patterns that break the norm, causing a perpetual search for novelty and entertainment.

    The Impact of Surprises and Secrets on Emotions and Well-being

    Surprises play a significant role in our emotional and cognitive experiences as humans. We tend to enjoy surprises that do not harm us, as they create emotional arousal and increase our dopamine anticipation levels. Surprises that are familiar and lack threat are exciting and intriguing to us. However, surprises that come randomly or without context can evoke fear and uncertainty. Additionally, the ability to keep secrets correlates with an individual's capacity for managing information asymmetry, which can lead to wealth and success. Wealth is a form of stored energy that increases when we harness and convert various forms of energy to our advantage. Therefore, surprises and secrets have profound effects on our emotions, perceptions, and overall well-being.

    The Role of Secrets, Information, and Trust in Wealth Creation and Decision-Making

    The ability to keep secrets and access to information are crucial factors in wealth creation and decision-making. Humans have an intuitive understanding of who can keep a secret, and those individuals often gain the trust of wealthy people, leading to increased wealth. Society as a whole benefits from storing information and cooperating, as it allows for growth and efficiency. However, humans also have a negative impact on the environment due to inefficient energy creation, emphasizing the importance of sustainable energy sources. In terms of decision-making, individuals with more choices tend to make better decisions, as they have expertise in their respective fields. Emotions can provide valuable insights and identify problems, but they should not be the sole basis for decision-making.

    The Power of Long-Term Thinking: Making Wise Choices and Maximizing Success

    Thinking long term can lead to better decision making and eliminate poor behavior. When individuals consider the long-term implications of their actions and relationships, they are less likely to engage in short-term thinking or take advantage of others. This long-term mindset applies to various aspects of life, including personal decisions, business strategies, and even tourist destinations. Scammy businesses often thrive in tourist areas because they prioritize short-term gains without considering the long-term reputation or customer loyalty. By focusing on long-term goals and values, individuals can make wiser choices, build their reputation slowly but steadily, and ultimately maximize their success.

    Expanding Perspectives for Better Decisions

    Gaining multiple perspectives and shifting our frame of reference can help us make better decisions and avoid cognitive biases. By asking ourselves what someone like Steve Jobs or Warren Buffett would do, we can step out of our own limited viewpoint and see the world through a different lens. The source of all bad decisions is blind spots, and the only way to overcome them is by seeking truth and being curious about other people's perspectives. Well-read and well-traveled individuals have acquired different frames of reference, making them more tolerant and open-minded. Acquiring various lenses, whether through reading, traveling, or studying different philosophies, allows us to see things from different angles and adjust our decisions accordingly.

    Utilizing Biases and Perspectives for Informed Decision Making

    When making decisions, it is important to tap into multiple biases and perspectives. By creating different personalities in our head and considering how each of them would react, we can more accurately predict outcomes and make choices that align with our goals. Kunal Shah suggests that publicly documenting our predictions can be useful because it allows others to hold us accountable and provide feedback on our decision-making. Additionally, Kunal highlights the importance of considering opportunity cost and constantly evaluating the value per hour of our actions. By focusing on creating more market cap per hour, we can strive to outperform standard metrics and unlock new experiences and feedback loops, ultimately leading to personal growth.

    The Importance of Attracting and Retaining High-Performing Individuals

    Attracting and retaining high-performing individuals is crucial for the success of a company. High performers seek out environments where they can work with other high performers, as it raises their own standards and motivates them to excel. On the other hand, if they are surrounded by mediocre performers, they become frustrated and may eventually leave. Companies that prioritize revenue per employee naturally retain high talent density because they avoid regressing to the average and maintain an engaging and ambitious environment. It is important for organizations to recognize the value of high slope individuals and create a culture that attracts and retains them, as their presence can greatly impact the overall success and performance of the company.

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    Newsletter - I share timeless insights and ideas you can use at work and home. Join over 600k others every Sunday and subscribe to Brain Food. Try it: https://fs.blog/newsletter/

    My Book! Clear Thinking: Turning Ordinary Moments into Extraordinary Results is out now - https://fs.blog/clear/ 

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    Newsletter - I share timeless insights and ideas you can use at work and home. Join over 600k others every Sunday and subscribe to Brain Food. Try it: https://fs.blog/newsletter/

    My Book! Clear Thinking: Turning Ordinary Moments into Extraordinary Results is out now - https://fs.blog/clear/ 

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    #190 Brad Jacobs: Building a Business Empire

    #190 Brad Jacobs: Building a Business Empire
    Throughout his tenure, Brad Jacobs has built multiple billion-dollar companies. While there is no "playbook" for growing a business, he focuses on a few factors above all else in every company he operates, and in this conversation, he reveals them all.

    Shane and Jacobs discuss how to read anyone during an interview through a series of intentional questions, the exciting role of AI and technology in the future of business, and where money-making ideas hide in companies. Jacobs also shares how his training in math and music made him a better business operator, the one thing he focuses on to grow his businesses, how to spot big trends before everyone else, and the only thing a company should focus on for success.

    Brad Jacobs has started five companies from scratch and led each to become a billion-dollar or multibillion-dollar enterprise. These include three publicly traded companies: XPO Logistics, where he serves as Chairman and CEO, United Rentals, and United Waste Systems. Before starting XPO in 2011, Jacobs founded United Rentals in 1997 and led the company as Chairman and Chief Executive Officer. In 1989, he founded United Waste Systems.
     
    (00:00) Intro
    (04:44) The future of AI
    (07:21) How to think rationally
    (08:48) The major trend
    (10:57) The research process
    (13:29) On asking better questions
    (19:35) On rearranging your brain
    (22:23) On music, math, simplicity, and business
    (32:26) Leverage, debt, and optionality
    (35:11) What it takes to take contrarian bets
    (40:45) Confidence and parents
    (50:21) Why negative-only feedback is detrimental for employees
    (56:14) Money lessons
    (58:13) A deep dive on M&A (Jacobs' secret sauce to growing his companies)
    (01:07:51) Questions to immediately get to know anyone
    (01:11:14) On boards and board meetings
    (01:16:57) On decision-making
    (01:23:37) The role of capital markets
    (01:25:41) The type of person you don't want to hire
    (01:31:16) The best capital allocators
    (01:33:53) Biggest lesson Jacobs learned from the past year
    (01:37:20) On success
     

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    #189 Chris Davis: Three Generations of Wealth

    #189 Chris Davis: Three Generations of Wealth

    Most families who obtain immense wealth squander it by the third generation. But Chris Davis comes from a family whose grandfather and father all became independently wealthy of each other, and Davis has done the same. How does that keep happening? In this conversation, we find out.

    Shane and Chris discuss life and investment lessons he learned from his father and grandfather, why writing is more important to clarify one's thinking no matter who's reading it, and the surprising benefit of reading physical newspapers and wearing ties to work. Davis also shares his value-investing philosophy, what he learned from working with and meeting Charlie Munger, and what parents can do to raise kids who aren't entitled. Davis talks about his alcohol drink tracker and why it's important to him, why he never puts himself in situations where envy can grow, and Warren Buffett's letter about why investment managers underperform.

    Chris Davis has been a Director of The Coca-Cola Company since April 2018. Davis is Chairman of Davis Selected Advisers-NY, Inc., an independent investment management firm founded in 1969. Davis joined Davis Selected Advisers-NY, Inc. in 1989 as a financial analyst and in 1995, he became a portfolio manager of the firm’s flagship funds. Prior to joining Davis Selected Advisers-NY, Inc., he served as a research analyst at Tanaka Capital Management and as an accountant at State Street Bank and Trust Co.

    Watch the episode on YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/c/theknowledgeproject/videos

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    (00:00) Intro

    (03:20) Life lessons Davis learned from his grandfather and father

    (26:24) The importance of writing things no one reads

    (36:55) Davis' experiences through financial crises

    (52:31) Why Davis loves managing a mutual fund

    (55:49) Why Berkshire Hathaway operates with margin

    (01:01:05) What is risk?

    (01:04:02) On low interest rates and their future impact

    (01:14:46) The mismatched timelines between CEOs, companies, investors, and policy

    (01:22:19) How Davis and Munger met

    (01:30:20) Lessons learned from Munger

    (01:41:29) Why avoiding weaknesses is the ultimate recipe for success

    (01:55:46) How to raise non-entitled kids and avoid lifestyle creep

    (01:16:10) On happiness

    (02:27:00) Good vs. bad board meetings

    (02:31:34) Three generations of wealth

    (02:37:15) On success

    #188: Bryan Johnson: Five Habits for Longer Living

    #188: Bryan Johnson: Five Habits for Longer Living
    What can you do (or avoid) tomorrow to guarantee you can live longer?

    In this episode, Bryan Johnson reveals the five simple disciplines you can start doing to live healthier and longer. Johnson shares what his daily routine looks like, the ins and outs of his experimentation process, and why he gave his father plasma.

    Johnson also opens up about the constant hate he receives from people online, how he deals with it all, and what he wishes he'd known when he sold his company.

    Bryan Johnson is the world's most measured human. Johnson sold his company to PayPal in 2013. Through Project Blueprint, Johnson has achieved metabolic health equal to the top 1.5% of 18 year olds, inflammation 66% lower than the average 10 year old, and reduced his speed of aging by the equivalent of 31 years.

    Johnson is also the founder of Kernel, creator of the world’s first mainstream non-invasive neuroimaging system; and OS Fund, where he invested in the predictable engineering of atoms, molecules, and organisms.

    Watch the episode on YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/c/theknowledgeproject/videos

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    Timecodes:

    (00:00:00) Intro

    (00:03:45) On biographies

    (00:08:03) On depression and coping mechanisms

    (00:14:18) Self-destructive behavior and how to pitch Blueprint to someone

    (00:26:50) What a day looks like on Blueprint (exercise and what to eat)

    (00:42:06) How to turn Blueprint protocols into habits

    (00:45:17) Embracing the hate

    (00:49:07) The downsides and lessons of making money

    (00:59:22) The five habits

    (01:05:09) Why does posture matter?

    (01:07:48) Relationship between biological health and sexual health

    (01:09:50) Hair-loss prevention

    (01:15:46) Sunscreen, plastics, and other miscellaneous impacts on aging

    (01:18:30) How will AI help us?

    (01:22:10) On success

    Dr. Becky Kennedy: The One Thing You Can Say That Changes Everything

    Dr. Becky Kennedy: The One Thing You Can Say That Changes Everything

    Dr. Becky Kennedy shares the skills you need but didn't get taught on regulating emotions, setting boundaries, and the best sentence you can say when a partner tells you something difficult.

    While there is an obvious focus on parenting, the most surprising thing about this episode was how much of what we discussed applies to EVERY relationship in your life.

    Learn how to parent more effectively with less stress, repair after a disagreement, regulate emotions, and unlock the next level in all of your relationships. Listen and Learn

    Dubbed the “The Millennial Parenting Whisperer” by TIME Magazine, Dr. Kennedy is the #1 New York Times bestselling author of Good Inside: A Guide to Becoming the Parent You Want to Be. She also hosts “Good Inside with Dr Becky,” the top kids and family show on Apple Podcasts.

    ---

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    Tom Gayner: Invest Like The Best

    Tom Gayner: Invest Like The Best

    Tom Gayner, CEO of Markel Group, reveals the lessons he’s learned from Charlie Munger and Berkshire Hathaway, how he invests, and the specific way he thinks about opportunity cost.

    Gayner shares the difference between good debt and bad debt, where he disagrees with Munger, and why he focuses on the basics.

    This intimate conversation offers a level of insight and honesty that Tom hasn’t offered anywhere else.

    Gayner is currently the CEO of Markel Group and the Director of The Coca‑Cola Company. He also serves as chairman of the Davis Series Mutual Funds board and on the boards of Graham Holdings and Markel.

    Listen and Learn.

    --

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    Blake Eastman: Learn to Read Anyone

    Blake Eastman: Learn to Read Anyone
    Blake Eastman has dedicated his entire life to psychology and nonverbal behavior.
     
    In 2009 he founded The Nonverbal Group, a  behavioral research and education company in New York City which conducts large scale studies on human behavior and uses a wide range of technologies to systematically deconstruct and improve human communication.
     
    Eastman dives deep into a number of subjects revolving around how we communicate with one another, including the ability to read nonverbal cues, his thoughts on big talkers vs. silent types, how we can communicate with our partners without complaining, the value of watching ourselves communicate on video, understanding the power structures and social dynamics at work, and so much more.
     
    Eastman has also served as an adjunct psychology professor at the City University of New York for six years where he taught General Psychology, Developmental Psychology, and Group Dynamics. He is also a former professional poker player and the founder of School of Cards, the first brick-and-mortar poker school in New York City.
     
    Listen and Learn

    --

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