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    #399 – Jared Kushner: Israel, Palestine, Hamas, Gaza, Iran, and the Middle East

    Jared Kushner believes in the potential for conversations, unity, and strong American leadership to improve the lives of Palestinians and bring peace and prosperity to the region.

    enOctober 11, 2023

    About this Episode

    Jared Kushner is a former Senior Advisor to President Donald Trump and author of Breaking History. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off - BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off - Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings - AG1: https://drinkag1.com/lex to get 1 month supply of fish oil Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/jared-kushner-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Breaking History (book): https://amzn.to/3QblTNk Jared's Twitter: https://twitter.com/jaredkushner Jared's Instagram: https://instagram.com/jaredckushner Books Mentioned: Prisoners of Geography: https://amzn.to/3tubxzf The Guns of August: https://amzn.to/3FbWD3c Thirteen Days in September: https://amzn.to/3Fb3EkM The Great Degeneration: https://amzn.to/4921WQv The Hundred-Year Marathon: https://amzn.to/3LRobP7 Destined for War: https://amzn.to/3rKwGEE PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. === Recorded on Mon, Oct 9 === (00:00) - Introduction (07:02) - Hamas attack on Israel (09:55) - Response to attack (16:14) - History of Hamas (18:54) - Iran (20:41) - Al-Aqsa Mosque (27:06) - Abraham Accords (36:00) - Trump vs Biden on Middle East (45:00) - Israeli-Saudi Normalization (49:12) - How the Israel-Gaza war ends (53:29) - Benjamin Netanyahu (57:06) - Palestinian support === Recorded on Thu, Oct 5 === (59:47) - Trump 2024 (1:03:15) - Human nature (1:10:13) - Geopolitics and negotiation (1:18:56) - North Korea (1:27:35) - Personalities of leaders (1:34:11) - Government bureaucracy (1:39:56) - Accusations of collusion with Russia (1:49:35) - Ivanka (1:55:30) - Father (2:04:13) - Money and power (2:12:56) - Trust and betrayal (2:21:57) - Mohammed bin Salman (2:44:16) - Israeli–Palestinian peace process (2:58:47) - Abraham Accords and Arab-Israeli normalization (3:08:53) - Donald Trump (3:13:59) - War in Ukraine (3:19:14) - Vladimir Putin (3:26:33) - China (3:44:50) - Learning process (3:51:19) - Hope for the future

    🔑 Key Takeaways

    • Despite the heartbreaking events, the unity and determination of the Jewish people in Israel serve as a powerful reminder of their strength and resilience in the face of adversity.
    • Hamas' control over Gaza has led to the worsening of Palestinian lives and the suffering of innocent civilians, emphasizing the need for global support for Israel and condemnation of Hamas' terrorist actions.
    • Iran's indirect approach to warfare, through funding and arming militant groups, and the role of extremist ideologies in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict highlight the importance of understanding and addressing Iran's involvement for a potential path to peace.
    • Israel strives to protect religious sites and promote peace by combating propaganda, fostering connections, and encouraging truth-sharing through smartphones. Ongoing efforts are crucial to maintaining positive momentum.
    • Jared Kushner's economic-focused plan aimed to improve lives and break down barriers in the Middle East, demonstrating that economic prosperity can lead to peace.
    • Eliminating or Weakening Hamas' Military Capabilities is Necessary for Peace and Reconstruction in Gaza.
    • The current administration's approach to the Middle East has damaged trust among allies, leading to instability and missed opportunities for peace. Strong alliances and unity among allies are crucial for moving forward.
    • Israel's top priority is security, which includes tackling threats from Hamas and Iran. Once these concerns are addressed, Jared Kushner sees the potential for normalization with Saudi Arabia as a significant development in the region and a challenge for Iran.
    • Trust and communication are essential for conflict resolution. The international community should support Israel's efforts to eliminate security threats and work towards creating a secure environment for Israel and better opportunities for the Palestinian people in Gaza.
    • Unity and focus on addressing Hamas' failings are essential for progress in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and ensuring the security and welfare of both Israelis and Palestinians.
    • Jared Kushner believes in the potential for conversations, unity, and strong American leadership to improve the lives of Palestinians and bring peace and prosperity to the region.
    • Listening, understanding, and connecting with people we disagree with can lead to personal growth, positive change, and ultimately, create a better world.
    • Trust is essential in negotiating difficult agreements. Understanding motivations, building relationships, and creating a collaborative environment can lead to successful outcomes in geopolitics.
    • Approach others with respect, understand their concerns and priorities. Be open-minded, speak truthfully, and focus on shared interests. Building relationships based on trust is crucial for successful diplomacy.
    • Our decisions and actions shape the outcomes in the world. By building relationships, listening, and taking bold steps, we can make a difference and solve problems, even in challenging times. Failure should not deter politicians from tackling difficult issues.
    • Success in government can be hindered by traditional qualifications, while the business world prioritizes outcomes and results. Courageous leaders can challenge established norms and prioritize personal relationships in diplomacy.
    • Successful diplomacy requires the careful use of words, but true leaders understand that actions speak louder and have the ability to bring about transformative change.
    • Jared Kushner emphasizes the need for action and unpredictability in government, while encouraging private sector individuals to bring solutions-oriented thinking and address the inefficiencies of government regulation.
    • Deregulation played a key role in Trump's economic success, benefiting smaller institutions and narrowing the wealth gap, while also cautioning against false accusations and media narratives.
    • Stay optimistic, separate emotions from challenges, focus on what you can control, rely on support from loved ones, and don't let distractions hinder progress.
    • Stay focused on opportunities, learn from tough situations, and surround yourself with supportive people to thrive in challenging environments.
    • Embracing both joy and pain through music and diners allows us to connect with our emotions, find solace in shared experiences, and appreciate the beauty of life's ups and downs.
    • In the face of adversity, it is crucial to remain humble and focus on personal growth, supporting loved ones, and valuing loyalty and true friendship.
    • Stay grounded and humble, prioritize understanding and compassion over winning and attaining power, as money and power can corrupt our judgment and values.
    • Genuine friendships and rehabilitation can guide individuals in positions of power to make positive contributions and create safer communities.
    • Jared Kushner's success in passing criminal justice reform demonstrates the importance of working within the political system, building trust, and collaborating with diverse groups to achieve meaningful change.
    • Being a politician requires strategic thinking, resilience, and the willingness to make difficult choices for the greater good, while constantly being undermined and balancing the pursuit of power with integrity.
    • Social media has brought about a more egalitarian distribution of information, exposing the lack of trust in once-trusted institutions and challenging traditional power structures. There is hope for increased transparency and a better understanding of the truth.
    • Building human connections and finding common ground can lead to meaningful progress, even in complex international relations.
    • Success comes from challenging conventional beliefs, being willing to try, and not letting skepticism from others discourage you.
    • Jared Kushner advocates for a fresh perspective, ambitious goals, and a focus on economic development and security to achieve a safer, more prosperous future for all.
    • Jared Kushner emphasizes the need for a security architecture and economic integration in the Middle East, urging leaders to focus on long-term outcomes and creating positive environments for lasting peace and prosperity.
    • A successful peace plan requires addressing root issues, proposing practical solutions, and prioritizing the well-being and opportunities for both Israelis and Palestinians, rather than focusing on historical grievances.
    • By addressing territorial continuity, security concerns, and religious sites in Jerusalem, a practical and present-focused solution can create a safer and more prosperous environment, leading to lasting peace.
    • By making aid conditions-based, involving outside institutions, and holding Palestinian leadership accountable, corruption can be reduced and economic growth and opportunities can be fostered for the Palestinian people.
    • Arab-Israeli normalization agreements have proven that Jews and Muslims can coexist, highlighting the common history and peaceful coexistence that existed for thousands of years.
    • Jared Kushner believes in fostering cultural coexistence and economic ties between nations as a means to reduce conflict and make a positive impact on the world. He emphasizes the importance of success in his business ventures to judge his performance.
    • Kushner praises Trump's results-oriented approach, highlighting his willingness to listen and engage with differing opinions, while also emphasizing his unpredictability in foreign relations and notable successes in the economy.
    • Effective conflict resolution requires trust, leadership, and private communication. A mediator who can create a clear path forward, while acknowledging the importance of saving face and taking risks, is crucial for resolving conflicts like the War in Ukraine.
    • Effective leadership and the willingness to work together can drive positive outcomes. By understanding different perspectives and prioritizing cooperation, nations can foster goodwill, partnerships, and global stability.
    • Historical context, geography, and personal relationships between leaders play a significant role in shaping geopolitical actions and tensions, highlighting the importance of understanding different perspectives and fostering collaboration.
    • Building personal relationships and showing respect for each other's culture are crucial in establishing effective diplomatic ties and finding solutions to disputes.
    • Jared Kushner believes that President Trump's policies have successfully raised global awareness of China's actions and emphasized the need for economic balance. He argues that an American-led world order is preferable to a Chinese-led one.
    • Trump aimed to protect American industries and maintain America's leadership by enforcing fair trade rules and preventing China's global market dominance.
    • Work hard, never stop learning, step out of your comfort zone, prioritize communication, take responsibility for actions, seek knowledge, and treat people well for long-term success.
    • Actively engaging with diverse perspectives and seeking knowledge from experienced individuals fosters a deeper understanding and facilitates effective problem-solving.
    • Jared Kushner believes that by focusing on advancements in technology and energy, humanity has the potential to achieve massive industrialization, medical breakthroughs, and even explore other planets. With faith and courage, anyone can contribute to solving problems and improving the world.

    📝 Podcast Summary

    Unity and Resilience Amidst Tragedy in Israel and Gaza

    The current situation in Israel and Gaza is heartbreaking and deeply concerning. The events unfolding, including the Hamas attack on Israel and the subsequent retaliation, have resulted in a high death toll and numerous hostages. The images and actions witnessed, such as militants gunning down innocent civilians and beheading Israeli soldiers, are reminiscent of the terror attacks of 9/11. However, amidst the tragedy, there is a beautiful display of unity and resilience within Israel. The people are rallying together to fight for their homeland and establish safety. It is a powerful reminder of the strength and determination of the Jewish people.

    The Devastating Impact of Hamas on Israelis and Palestinians

    Hamas, a terrorist group funded by Iran, is the main cause of suffering for both Israelis and Palestinians. Israel withdrew from Gaza in 2005, giving governance to the Palestinians, but instead of improving, the lives of Palestinians have worsened under Hamas' leadership. The Palestinian people have become hostages, suffering under the control of 30,000 Hamas terrorists. It is important for the world to stand behind Israel and condemn Hamas for their actions, which involve killing innocent civilians and planning operations to destabilize the region. The Middle East has experienced significant progress towards peace under President Trump, but the current situation is heartbreaking and could have been avoided. It is crucial for those in power to make the right decisions to restore safety and create a better paradigm for peace in the future.

    Iran's Support for Terrorist Organizations and its Impact on Regional Stability

    Iran plays a significant role in supporting terrorist organizations like Hamas. The Iranian government has been known to support the destruction of Israel, and they have provided funding and resources to groups like Hezbollah and Hamas. This support has led to increased instability in the region, as seen through conflicts such as the Houthi rebellion. Iran's approach to warfare is typically indirect, utilizing proxies to carry out their agenda. While the Iranian people themselves may not support this focus on destruction, the government has been actively involved in funding and arming militant groups. Additionally, the conflict surrounding the Alza Mosque has been fueled by extremist ideologies, with some using it as a justification for their aggressive actions towards Israel. However, access to the Mosque has been generally allowed by Israel for peaceful prayer. Overall, understanding Iran's involvement and extremist ideologies is crucial in finding a path towards peace in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

    Protecting religious sites in Jerusalem and combatting religious tensions through connection and truth-sharing

    Israel has made significant efforts to restore and protect religious sites in Jerusalem, allowing access to people of all faiths, including Muslims. The country acknowledges King Abdullah of Jordan as the custodian of the Al Aqsa Mosque and welcomes Muslims to come and pray peacefully. However, extremist groups like Isis and Iran exploit religious tensions and use the claim of liberating the Mosque as propaganda for their violent agenda. Israel, historically not strong in public relations, aims to combat this misinformation by creating connections between people, fostering business relationships, and encouraging the use of smartphones to share the truth. It is crucial to differentiate between the peaceful essence of Islam and the perversion of the religion by those who justify violence in its name. The Abraham Accords played a significant role in advancing peace in the Middle East, but ongoing efforts are required to maintain positive momentum and prevent tragic events like recent conflicts.

    Jared Kushner's Innovative Approach to Middle East Peace

    Jared Kushner's approach to peace in the Middle East involved challenging long-standing barriers and focusing on improving the lives of people in the region. He recognized the importance of economic development and created a business plan to boost the economies of Gaza, the West Bank, Jordan, and Egypt. Drawing inspiration from successful economic projects in countries like South Korea, Japan, and Singapore, Kushner aimed to show that economic prosperity can lead to peace. He also identified the disincentives for the Palestinian leadership to make a deal and aimed to address those concerns. By breaking down these barriers and offering a viable pathway, Kushner believed that a peaceful solution was achievable.

    The Lack of Effective Governance Under Hamas Leadership Hinders Progress in Gaza

    The key factor holding back progress and development in Gaza is the lack of effective governance under Hamas leadership. Despite the potential for economic revitalization and improved living conditions, Hamas has shown a focus on violence and aggression towards Israel rather than prioritizing the well-being of the Palestinian people. The proposed plan, outlined in 181 pages, presents a comprehensive approach with project-by-project costings that could be implemented with the support of Arab countries and the international community. However, trust in Hamas remains low, making it necessary to either eliminate or significantly weaken their military capabilities in order to achieve peace and allow for the region's reconstruction. The previous administration made significant progress in the Middle East, stabilizing the region and crippling Iran through sanctions, while also addressing corruption in the UN aid agency. The current administration's approach, including insulting Saudi Arabia and Russia, has had unintended consequences such as increasing oil prices and undermining previous achievements.

    Trust and stability in the Middle East under the current administration

    The current administration's approach to the Middle East has led to a loss of trust and stability among allies. Funding was immediately resumed for Palestinians without any conditions or reforms, projecting weakness in the region. The United Arab Emirates, a longstanding ally, faced rocket attacks and received no support or communication from the US for 17 days, damaging the trust between nations. The previous administration's policy of building alliances between Israel, Saudi Arabia, and the UAE in a secure and economically integrated region was criticized but yielded positive results. However, the current administration quickly returned to failed policies, openly embracing deals and allowing Iran to disrupt progress. This mismanagement and failure to take opportunity for peace has been avoidable and heartbreaking. If Trump were still in power, this tragedy would not have occurred. Moving forward, showing strength and unity among allies is crucial.

    Focusing on Security First: Israel's Priorities and Potential with Saudi Arabia

    The priority for Israel right now is to regain security and deal with immediate threats, rather than focusing on normalization with Saudi Arabia. Jared Kushner emphasizes the need for Israel to eliminate or degrade the capabilities of Hamas and other Iranian threats to ensure their security apparatus. He believes that once Israel has addressed these concerns, they can revisit the talks of normalization with Saudi Arabia, which he sees as a game changer for the region and a nightmare for Iran. While there may be political dynamics and divisions that arise during these tense times, Kushner encourages maintaining open channels of communication and not giving up on finding a way forward in the future.

    Trust, Communication, and Building Relationships for Resolving Conflicts and Achieving Peace

    Trust and communication are crucial in resolving conflicts and creating lasting peace. Jared Kushner emphasizes that while words on phone calls are important, it is the trust between individuals and the power they hold that truly matters. Building trusting relationships allows people to take risks to help one another and make progress. Additionally, Kushner highlights the desired end state in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict: a secure environment for Israel and a better life with opportunities for the people in Gaza. He suggests that the international community should come together, hold Hamas accountable, and support Israel's efforts to eliminate security threats. By uniting behind a long-term solution, the global community can help the Palestinian people achieve a better life.

    The Role of Leadership in Crisis Management and Security

    The leader of a country plays a crucial role in facing crises and ensuring the security and welfare of its people. Jared Kushner highlights his admiration for Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, praising his understanding of the security apparatus and global relations. Kushner believes that Netanyahu's ambition to strengthen Israel economically and militarily will drive him to make strong and calculated decisions in times of crisis. However, he also acknowledges the impact of internal political turmoil and division, stating that it has left Israel less prepared for certain situations. Kushner suggests that leaders should find areas of agreement despite division, emphasizing the importance of unity for a country's security. Furthermore, Kushner points out the misconceptions surrounding the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, urging people to direct their anger towards the terrorist group Hamas rather than blaming the entire Palestinian population. He believes that progress and a better life for the Palestinians can only be achieved by addressing the failings of Hamas and working towards a secure Israel.

    The Middle East Conflict and the Power of Unity

    The conflict in the Middle East can potentially lead to conversations and unity that can improve the lives of the Palestinian people. Jared Kushner believes that during Donald Trump's presidency, there was peace and the world became safer. He emphasizes the importance of strong American leadership in maintaining global stability. Kushner hopes for Trump's re-election to restore calm and prosperity. He is optimistic about the future of the region, highlighting the ambition to transform it into an economic superpower, particularly with the emergence of young leadership and the potential for economic growth. He also stresses the need to eliminate hatred and promote understanding, drawing upon a lesson from a reverend who mediated peace between rival gangs by highlighting their shared humanity. Ultimately, Kushner believes that every individual has the power to break the cycle of hatred.

    Finding Common Ground and Empathy for a Brighter Future

    We can make the world a better place by listening to and connecting with people we disagree with. Jared Kushner emphasizes the importance of finding common ground and having respectful discussions, even with those who have opposing viewpoints. He believes that most people are good and that mistakes shouldn't define individuals for the rest of their lives. Through his work on prison reform, he learned that second chances and empathy can lead to personal growth and positive change. In the era of social media, it's crucial to remember that people make mistakes and need support to overcome them. By fostering understanding and love, we can help individuals who are in a bad place find a better path. Ultimately, by continuously learning, growing, and connecting with others, we have the power to create a brighter future.

    Building Trust in Geopolitical Negotiations

    Trust is crucial in negotiating difficult agreements in geopolitics. Jared Kushner emphasizes the importance of understanding and building trust with the other party involved. This involves getting to know each other, understanding motivations, and assuring them that their information will not be used against them. Additionally, having a clear outcome in mind and working towards it together, rather than viewing it as a competition, is essential. Understanding power dynamics and maneuvering accordingly is also important. Creating escape routes and a golden bridge for the other party can motivate them to reach a mutually beneficial agreement. Kushner provides examples of successful negotiations, such as prison reform and the USMCA trade deal, where trust and bipartisan collaboration were key.

    Building Effective Partnerships and Diplomacy

    Effective partnership and diplomacy require approaching others with respect and a willingness to understand their concerns and priorities. Jared Kushner emphasizes the importance of recognizing the human nature of leaders and understanding the power dynamics they face. Rather than being cynical or assuming manipulation, Kushner suggests going into political situations with an open mind and heart, speaking truthfully, and focusing on shared interests. He also highlights the value of being a good partner, drawing from his experiences in business where he learned that a good deal with a bad partner will always be a bad deal, while a bad deal with a good partner can be figured out. Ultimately, successful diplomacy involves building relationships based on trust and working together towards common goals.

    Taking Action for Positive Change

    We have agency and the potential to influence the outcomes of things. We shouldn't just sit back and let the world happen the way it's happening. Jared Kushner's experience in the Trump administration teaches us that political prognosticators are often wrong, and nobody really knows what will happen. The decisions of humans ultimately drive the outcomes in the world. By forming relationships, listening to each other, and taking bold action, we can make a difference. The example of North Korea shows that even in intense and chaotic times, picking up the phone and trying to solve a problem can lead to deescalation. Politicians shouldn't be so afraid of failure because taking on hard problems is celebrated in the business world, and it should be the same in politics.

    Contrasting Mindsets: Business vs. Government

    The mindset of business people differs greatly from government people. Jared Kushner observed a lot of resistance from those with traditional qualifications in diplomacy when he achieved success without those qualifications. This sentiment, he believes, was evident in various areas of government where people felt that their qualifications were not necessary for success. In the business world, the focus is on outcomes and results. Another key takeaway is that working in government can be challenging, especially when trying to do things differently and against the established norms. However, Kushner emphasizes that it doesn't have to be that way with the right courageous leaders in power. Personal relationships and trust play a significant role in negotiations, whether it's in North Korea, the Middle East, or within Congress. Diplomacy, it seems, also involves a surprising number of emojis.

    The Power of Words and the Importance of Actions in Diplomacy

    Successful diplomacy involves both the power of words and the importance of actions. Jared Kushner emphasizes the significance of words in the diplomacy business, acknowledging that individual words can be fought over and can shape negotiations. However, he also stresses that actions ultimately matter more than mere words. While politicians may focus on saying the right things and holding power, true leaders are willing to take transformative actions. Kushner's experiences with the Abraham Accords highlight the significance of both words and actions. The miscommunication that led to Anmar Sadat's visit to Israel and the iconic LL plane landing in the UAE demonstrate how unexpected events can capture people's imagination and pave the way for greater stability in the Middle East.

    Efficiency and Solutions: Jared Kushner's Take on Government

    Jared Kushner found government to be inefficient and lacking results-focused approaches. Coming from the private sector, Kushner emphasized the importance of taking action and being unpredictable, as it made their words more effective. He observed a deficiency in project management skills and negotiation strategies within the government. Kushner believed that encouraging individuals with private sector experience to serve in government could bring about solutions-oriented thinking. He also pointed out the need to address the inefficiencies of government regulation, which often focused on past crises rather than future problems. Kushner highlighted the importance of reducing the burden of regulations and ensuring that they are legislated by Congress rather than implemented by bureaucrats.

    Jared Kushner on Deregulation for Economic Success

    Jared Kushner highlights the importance of deregulation in Trump's economic success during the early years of his administration. Kushner argues that regulations often benefit those who have a vested interest in regulatory captures, leading to the growth of bigger banks at the expense of smaller institutions. This, in turn, widens the wealth gap in the country. To counter this, President Trump's administration focused on a massive deregulatory effort, eliminating eight regulations for every one put in place. Kushner emphasizes the need to consider the consequences of actions taken by the government, as well as the danger of false accusations and media narratives that can harm individuals and waste resources.

    Overcoming False Accusations and Staying Focused

    Facing false accusations and intense scrutiny can be incredibly challenging, but it's important to maintain a clear and optimistic mindset. Jared Kushner shares his experience of being accused of colluding with the Russians and facing widespread criticism. He emphasizes the need to separate the challenge at hand from personal emotions and focus on what can be controlled. Kushner's confidence in his innocence and the support of his family played a crucial role in keeping him grounded. He also highlights the importance of not allowing distractions to hinder progress and staying focused on one's goals. Ultimately, he encourages individuals to push through adversity and not let false narratives define their actions.

    Overcoming Adversity: Jared Kushner's Journey in the White House

    Jared Kushner's ability to stay calm and not become cynical in the face of adversity was crucial to his success. Despite the challenges and criticisms he faced while working in the White House, he recognized that every opportunity comes with a cost. He chose to focus on the opportunity to work on difficult challenges and make a positive impact rather than dwelling on the negatives. He also emphasizes the importance of dreaming big and encouraging politicians to take on big things, even if there is a risk of failure. Kushner's experience taught him the value of enduring tough situations and using them as opportunities for personal growth. Additionally, the support of loved ones, like his wife Ivanka, played a vital role in his ability to navigate the intense environment.

    The Power of Music and Diners in Evoking Emotions and Uniting Humanity

    Life is full of both joy and pain. Lex Fridman and Jared Kushner discuss the power of music, particularly Bruce Springsteen's songs, in evoking emotions and making us reflect on life's ups and downs. The melancholy feeling that comes from certain songs is the other side of the happiness coin. By allowing ourselves to embrace and experience that pain, we can also reach the highest joys. They also highlight the significance of diners, especially in New Jersey, as a place where people from all walks of life come together. Diners represent a sense of nostalgia and tradition, and they offer a wide variety of food options. Overall, both music and diners play a role in shaping our experiences and connecting us to deeper emotions and shared humanity.

    The Power of Humility and Resilience in Adversity

    Even in the face of adversity and personal mistakes, it is important to remain humble and focus on the things we can control. Jared Kushner's father went through a challenging time when he got into a dispute with his siblings and made a wrong decision, ultimately leading to his arrest and imprisonment. Instead of harboring anger or resentment, Jared shifted his mindset and chose to be there for his family, supporting his father and siblings. He learned the value of loyalty and true friendship, and realized that material possessions and social status can be taken away at any moment. This experience taught him the importance of humility and the need to focus on personal growth and resilience in difficult times.

    The Pitfalls of Power and Success

    We can easily become disconnected from what is truly important in life when we become powerful or successful. Jared Kushner's father, despite his success, started to believe that certain rules didn't apply to him, which ultimately led to his downfall. This serves as a reminder that no matter how powerful or successful we become, we should always stay grounded and humble. Money and power have the potential to cloud our judgment and corrupt us, but it is crucial to maintain our values and integrity. Instead of focusing solely on winning and attaining power, we should prioritize understanding and compassion for others, seeing the common humanity in everyone we encounter.

    Money's Influence: The Power and Pitfalls of Leadership

    Money has the power to amplify people's true nature. As Jared Kushner observed during his time in the White House, individuals who were given significant responsibility and power often let it go to their heads, behaving in ways that were counterproductive to the greater goal. This highlights the importance of having the right leaders in positions of influence and surrounding oneself with good friends. Kushner believes that being a supportive friend, someone who listens and engages in conversation without dictating what others should do, can help keep people grounded and focused. This lesson extends beyond the political realm and serves as a reminder of the significance of genuine friendships and meaningful connections in navigating life's challenges. Additionally, Kushner's work on prison reform highlights the power of rehabilitation rather than simply punishment. By providing inmates with mentorship, job training, and addiction treatment, a significant reduction in recidivism rates can be achieved, leading to safer communities and giving individuals a second chance at life.

    Jared Kushner's Journey of Criminal Justice Reform

    Jared Kushner's efforts to pass criminal justice reform taught him the importance of working the political system and building trust. Despite facing skepticism and resistance, he was able to rally support from various groups, including the ACLU and conservative organizations. Kushner described his lobbying efforts as nonstop and involved everything from phone calls to hosting dinners at his house. He also emphasized the value of listening to others' concerns and finding balanced solutions. While Washington may be known for its lack of trust and backstabbing, Kushner managed to build lifelong friendships with those who were committed to the cause and worked together towards a common objective. Ultimately, his experience highlighted the power of collaboration and perseverance in achieving meaningful change.

    Navigating the Complexities of Politics: A Discussion with Jared Kushner

    Politics is a complex and challenging game. Jared Kushner, in his interview, highlights the difficulties politicians face in navigating the political landscape. He emphasizes that politicians are constantly targeted by individuals seeking to undermine them. Politics, unlike the private sector, requires carefully choosing battles and considering the potential consequences before taking action. Kushner also questions whether good politicians should be willing to let go of power for the greater good. He acknowledges the complicated nature of the political world, where leaders often make decisions based on self-preservation or what they believe is necessary to maintain power. Ultimately, this conversation sheds light on the complexities and tough decisions politicians face, and the importance of integrity and self-reflection in the pursuit of power.

    The Role of Social Media in Shifting Power Dynamics of Information

    Social media has played a role in the shifting power dynamics of information. Previously, media publications acted as gatekeepers, controlling the flow of information. However, with the rise of social media, there has been a move towards a more egalitarian distribution of information. This shift has allowed for greater transparency and a democratization of ideas. It has also revealed that some institutions, which were once trusted, do not deserve the faith of the public. Additionally, the years of Trump's presidency represented a break from the traditional power structure, with an outsider challenging the established norms. As we move forward, there is hope for more transparency and a better understanding of the truth.

    Jared Kushner's Leadership: Setting Goals and Building Allies

    Jared Kushner's mindset as a leader is focused on setting goals and accomplishing as much as possible, even if there are failures along the way. When he was asked to meet with a representative of Saudi Arabia, Kushner initially hesitated but decided to go ahead. During the meeting, he expressed the need for changes in Saudi Arabia's treatment of women, their relationship with Israel, and their efforts against extremism. This led to a proposal from Saudi Arabia to become great allies with America and work on various shared interests. Despite skepticism, Kushner took the proposal to General Flynn and eventually got President Trump's support. The key lesson here is that building human connections and finding common ground can lead to meaningful progress, even in complex international relations.

    Jared Kushner: Breaking Rules and Challenging Beliefs

    Jared Kushner's journey was difficult because he had little experience and faced skepticism from others. However, his willingness to listen and hear people made a difference. Despite being told that going on a trip to Saudi Arabia would be a disaster, Kushner believed in giving them a chance to change. He fought for the opportunity, even though many thought he would fail. Kushner's success came from his ability to break rules, either by enjoying breaking them or being indifferent to them. This allowed him to see new ideas and take simple actions that others overlooked. His story highlights the importance of challenging conventional beliefs and having a willingness to try, even when others doubt you.

    Embracing Originality and Ambition for a Safer, Prosperous World

    Jared Kushner believes in taking a different, untraditional approach to solving complex problems. He emphasizes the value of listening, understanding, and thinking from a first principles perspective, rather than relying on historical context or following the same approaches as others. Kushner highlights the importance of setting big audacious goals and having clear key performance indicators (KPIs) to guide progress and measure success. He praises Saudi Arabia's Vision 2030 as a thoughtful and achievable plan that sets a good path for the country's future. Kushner also emphasizes the need for a new Middle East that focuses on economic development and security, creating a region free from terrorism and conflict. Overall, he champions originality, ambition, and creating a safer, more prosperous world for all.

    The Complex Task of Creating Peace and Progress in the Middle East

    Creating peace and progress in the Middle East is a complex and challenging task. Jared Kushner emphasizes the need for a security architecture and economic integration in the region, comparing it to the innovation hub of Silicon Valley disconnected from the rest of California. While tragic events like the Jamal Khashoggi case can create tension and overshadow progress, Kushner believes in learning from the past and focusing on creating safety, security, and better opportunities for people. He urges leaders to consider the long-term outcomes and avoid setting back the progress being made. Achieving peace in the Middle East is difficult due to structural factors, but Kushner's approach emphasizes the importance of adapting paradigms and creating positive environments for lasting peace and prosperity.

    Flawed Incentives and a Tactical Approach to the Israel-Palestine Peace Process

    The incentive structure for the peace process between Israel and Palestine was flawed. Jared Kushner observed that negotiations often resulted in Israel gaining more land and Palestinians receiving more money, without significant improvements to the lives of the Palestinian people. He believed that previous envoys were reluctant to address the root issues and propose practical solutions. Taking a different approach, Kushner focused on identifying the compromises each side could accept in the present rather than dwelling on historical grievances. He aimed to make the process more tactical and less theoretical, challenging the status quo of vague concepts and corruption. The key takeaway is that a successful peace plan should separate the issues at hand and prioritize the well-being and opportunities for both Israelis and Palestinians.

    Three Key Components for Solving the Israeli-Palestinian Issue

    Solving the Israeli-Palestinian issue requires addressing three key components: drawing a map to establish territorial continuity, ensuring security for both Israel and Palestine, and finding a solution for the religious sites in Jerusalem. The proposed solution, which was carefully mapped out, focuses on practicality and the present situation rather than dwelling on past grievances. It aims to create a safer and more secure environment for both nations. Additionally, the economic analysis shows that Palestinians have the potential for prosperity, as their GDP per capita is comparable to Jordan and higher than Egypt. By empowering individuals with property rights and economic opportunities, while allowing peaceful access to religious sites, a lasting peace can be achieved.

    Reimagining Aid for Palestinians: Conditions, Transparency, and Accountability

    The international community needs to adopt a different approach when providing aid to the Palestinians. Instead of simply handing over money without any conditions or expectations, it is important to make the aid conditions-based and fight for transparency. This can be done by involving institutions other than the Palestinian Authority and putting reformers in leadership positions. Additionally, it is crucial to hold the Palestinian leadership accountable by conducting an accounting of the aid provided and assessing its impact on job creation and development. The current system perpetuates corruption and hinders progress. By implementing these changes and fostering Arab-Israeli normalization, there is potential for economic growth and improved opportunities for the Palestinian people.

    The transformative power of Arab-Israeli normalization agreements: Shattering beliefs and restoring togetherness between Jews and Muslims.

    The Arab-Israeli normalization agreements have had a transformative effect on the mindset of people in both regions. These agreements have shattered the long-held belief that Jews and Muslims cannot coexist and have shown the power of conversation and human interaction. By allowing travel, communication, and business between previously separated cultures, these agreements have created a ripple effect of acceptance and integration. One of the most significant outcomes is the restoration of togetherness between Jews and Muslims, erasing the division that was artificially created. Despite the historical conflicts and forced expulsions, the agreements highlight the common history and peaceful coexistence that existed between Jewish and Muslim communities for thousands of years.

    Cultivating Cultural Coexistence and Economic Diplomacy for a Better World

    Jared Kushner believes that the current situation is not an aberration but a return to a time where cultural coexistence is possible. He sees the beginning of the end of the Arab-Israeli conflict and the start of religious respect and understanding. Kushner explains his decision to start a new investment firm, combining geopolitical expertise and traditional private equity, to make a positive impact on the world. He highlights the importance of economic ties between nations in reducing the likelihood of war and aims to bring entrepreneurs from different countries together. Despite criticisms, Kushner remains focused on achieving his goals and emphasizes that he has complied with all laws and ethics rules. Ultimately, the success of his business will be the metric to judge his performance. Regarding Donald Trump's leadership, Kushner identifies unpredictability as his biggest strength, stating that he consumes a lot of information and prefers to draw conclusions himself.

    Jared Kushner on Trump's Pragmatic Leadership

    Jared Kushner views President Trump as a pragmatic and results-oriented leader. He emphasizes that Trump is not driven by ideology, but rather by the desire to deliver tangible outcomes. Kushner highlights Trump's willingness to listen and engage with people who may have differing opinions, encouraging them to reach out to him directly instead of publicly criticizing him. This is exemplified by the case of Alice Johnson, where Kushner and Kim Kardashian quietly worked through the details of her clemency plea, ultimately leading to Trump granting her clemency. Additionally, Kushner emphasizes Trump's unpredictability, which kept foreign leaders on their toes and made them hesitant to cross America. Despite the controversy surrounding Trump, Kushner believes he was a strong president who achieved notable successes in international relations and the economy, without starting any new wars.

    Trust, Leadership, and Communication in Conflict Resolution

    Trust and leadership are essential in resolving conflicts like the War in Ukraine. Jared Kushner highlights the importance of private communication and the ability for leaders to have off-ramps without fearing public backlash. He praises President Zelensky's courage and acknowledges the need for an off-ramp for him to save face. To bring Putin and Zelensky to the table, Kushner emphasizes that it requires someone, potentially a US president, who is willing to take risks and put themselves on the line. However, he also acknowledges that the current US posture may make it difficult to gain Russia's trust. Overall, a productive conversation and resolution require a mediator who can create a landing zone and outline a clear path forward for both parties to focus on the future. By doing so, the conflict can be resolved to benefit both sides and the world.

    The Power of Leadership and Cooperation in Achieving Progress

    Leadership and the willingness to come together can lead to progress and positive outcomes. Despite their history of conflicts, countries like the US and Russia have shown that they can work together towards common goals, such as during World War II. Jared Kushner highlights the importance of not condemning tomorrow to be like yesterday and instead striving for better relationships and cooperation. He also emphasizes the need to understand different perspectives, as seen in his negotiations with Putin and discussions with other leaders. This understanding can help foster goodwill and partnerships between nations, as evidenced by Russia sending supplies to the US during the Covid crisis. Ultimately, countries do not have permanent enemies or allies, and by prioritizing cooperation, we can mitigate risks and achieve global stability.

    Influences on Geopolitics: History, Geography, and Personal Relationships

    Geopolitics is heavily influenced by historical context, geographical factors, and personal relationships between leaders. In the case of Russia, its history of being attacked and its vast landmass with natural barriers shape its defensive mindset and concerns about security in the west. The expansion of NATO and the inclusion of countries like Ukraine have been viewed as a breach of promises, leading to tensions with Russia. Understanding the geographical perspectives and historical DNA of countries is essential in comprehending their geopolitical actions. Similarly, in the case of China, building personal connections between leaders, such as the first call between Donald Trump and Xi Jinping, can foster collaboration and potentially resolve global issues.

    Building Relationships and Respecting Culture for Diplomacy

    Building personal relationships and showing respect for each other's culture can help in establishing effective diplomatic ties. During President Trump's meeting with President Xi of China, they set ground rules and avoided discussing sensitive topics like Taiwan. Instead, they focused on trade issues and the North Korea situation. The presence of Jared Kushner's Chinese nanny and his daughter singing Chinese songs displayed a sign of respect for Chinese culture. Additionally, President Xi's monologue about Chinese history emphasized his commitment to China's growth and learning from past lessons. Despite the trade disputes and implementation of tariffs, the willingness to engage in discussions and find common ground eventually led to deescalation and finding solutions.

    Jared Kushner on China's Rise and the Importance of the American-led World Order

    Jared Kushner believes President Trump's policy on China successfully shifted global awareness of China's bad practices and initiated efforts to rebalance the world for more economic parity. According to the book "The Hundred Year Marathon" by Michael Pillsbury, which Kushner highly recommends, China has been working since 1949 to reclaim its position as the global leader. The book highlights China strategically rebuilding itself after years of weakness and strategically using international relations to its advantage. Kushner asserts that China's rise was not simply a threat to American dominance, but more importantly, a concern for the world order. While the true intentions of China's dominance remain uncertain, Kushner argues that an American-led world order is preferable to a Chinese-led one. Trump's tariffs and increased awareness slowed down China's progress, prompting questions about the potential for future conflict between the US and China.

    Trump's tactical mindset and goal to level the playing field with China.

    Trump's approach to dealing with China was based on a day-to-day tactical mindset. He believed in being unpredictable and constantly changing strategies, similar to how an entrepreneur thinks. Trump respected China for their ability to lift millions of people out of poverty, but he also wanted to maintain America's competitive advantage over them for the next 20 years. His goal was to level the playing field, ensure fair trade rules, and prevent China from gaining global market dominance through predatory investments and monopolies. This approach aimed to protect American industries, such as solar panels and electric vehicles, from being undercut by Chinese dominance. Overall, the objective was to create a rules-based world order and maintain America's status as a leader in the private sector.

    Jared Kushner's Approach to Success and Effective Communication

    Jared Kushner's experience behind the scenes in Washington gave him more maneuverability and trust with others, allowing him to operate effectively. He emphasizes the importance of communication and learning from others who are skilled communicators. Kushner advises young individuals to work hard in everything they do, never stop learning, and step out of their comfort zones. He shares a valuable lesson from his father about being punctual and taking responsibility for one's actions. Kushner's approach to problem-solving involves focusing on what he can do, continually seeking knowledge, and trying different approaches when faced with obstacles. He also emphasizes the significance of doing the right thing and treating people well, as it can lead to long-term success.

    Embracing Curiosity and Connection: Jared Kushner's Approach to Learning and Problem-Solving

    Jared Kushner's approach to learning and problem-solving involved actively reaching out to people, asking questions, and reading voraciously on various topics. He recognized the limitations of solely relying on traditional sources of advice, like the media, and instead sought insights directly from those with experience and expertise. Kushner's willingness to listen and engage with different perspectives allowed him to gain a deeper understanding of complex issues and develop more effective solutions. This approach highlights the importance of human connection and the power of genuine curiosity in acquiring knowledge and finding innovative solutions. It also emphasizes the value of open dialogue and understanding diverse viewpoints as essential for societal progress and problem-solving.

    Embracing Hope and Advancements for a Brighter Future

    When people come together with the right ideas and focus, they can bring about tremendous advancements for human history and society. Jared Kushner believes that despite the current conflicts and tribal battles between countries, there is hope for a brighter future. With the progress of artificial intelligence and cheaper, more accessible energy, he foresees massive industrialization and advancements in medical and scientific fields. There is potential for humanity to enter a dawn where we can become multi-planetary and explore the wonders of the world. Instead of perpetuating tensions, Kushner emphasizes the importance of channeling our energy towards finding these advancements that will improve the lives of everyone on Earth. He believes that even someone with no experience can succeed in tackling seemingly impossible problems with faith and courage, and therefore, everyone else can too.

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    #424 – Bassem Youssef: Israel-Palestine, Gaza, Hamas, Middle East, Satire & Fame

    #424 – Bassem Youssef: Israel-Palestine, Gaza, Hamas, Middle East, Satire & Fame
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    #423 – Tulsi Gabbard: War, Politics, and the Military Industrial Complex

    #423 – Tulsi Gabbard: War, Politics, and the Military Industrial Complex
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    #422 – Mark Cuban: Shark Tank, DEI & Wokeism Debate, Elon Musk, Politics & Drugs

    #422 – Mark Cuban: Shark Tank, DEI & Wokeism Debate, Elon Musk, Politics & Drugs
    Mark Cuban is a businessman, investor, star of TV series Shark Tank, long-time principal owner of Dallas Mavericks, and founder of Cost Plus Drugs. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - Listening: https://listening.com/lex and use code LEX to get one month free - Cloaked: https://cloaked.com/lex and use code LexPod to get 25% off - Notion: https://notion.com/lex - Eight Sleep: https://eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings - Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get $1 per month trial Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/mark-cuban-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Mark's X: https://twitter.com/mcuban Mark's Instagram: https://instagram.com/mcuban Cost Plus Drugs: https://costplusdrugs.com Shark Tank: https://abc.com/shows/shark-tank Dallas Mavericks: https://www.mavs.com PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (11:10) - Entrepreneurship (26:03) - Shark Tank (36:29) - How Mark made first billion (1:02:39) - Dallas Mavericks (1:08:05) - DEI debate (1:43:58) - Trump vs Biden (1:46:20) - Immigration (1:55:53) - Drugs and Big Pharma (2:11:53) - AI (2:16:05) - Advice for young people

    #421 – Dana White: UFC, Fighting, Khabib, Conor, Tyson, Ali, Rogan, Elon & Zuck

    #421 – Dana White: UFC, Fighting, Khabib, Conor, Tyson, Ali, Rogan, Elon & Zuck
    Dana White is the CEO and president of the UFC. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack - Notion: https://notion.com/lex - AG1: https://drinkag1.com/lex to get 1 month supply of fish oil - InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/dana-white-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Dana's X: https://x.com/danawhite Dana's Instagram: https://instagram.com/danawhite Dana's Facebook: https://facebook.com/danawhite UFC's YouTube: https://youtube.com/@UFC UFC's Website: https://ufc.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (06:31) - Mike Tyson and early days of fighting (17:10) - Jiu jitsu (23:14) - Origin of UFC (37:25) - Joe Rogan (43:31) - Lorenzo Fertitta (45:58) - Great fighters (49:55) - Khabib vs Conor (53:01) - Jon Jones (56:03) - Conor McGregor (1:01:05) - Trump (1:06:44) - Elon vs Zuck (1:08:04) - Mike Tyson vs Jake Paul (1:10:52) - Forrest Griffin vs Stephan Bonnar (1:18:06) - Gambling (1:33:08) - Mortality

    #420 – Annie Jacobsen: Nuclear War, CIA, KGB, Aliens, Area 51, Roswell & Secrecy

    #420 – Annie Jacobsen: Nuclear War, CIA, KGB, Aliens, Area 51, Roswell & Secrecy
    Annie Jacobsen is an investigative journalist and author of "Nuclear War: A Scenario" and many other books on war, weapons, government secrecy, and national security. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - HiddenLayer: https://hiddenlayer.com/lex - BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off - Policygenius: https://policygenius.com/lex - NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/annie-jacobsen-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Nuclear War: A Scenario (book): https://amzn.to/3THZHfr Annie's Twitter: https://twitter.com/anniejacobsen Annie's Website: https://anniejacobsen.com/ Annie's Books: https://amzn.to/3TGWyMJ Annie's Books (audio): https://adbl.co/49ZnI7c PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (07:37) - Nuclear war (12:21) - Launch procedure (18:00) - Deterrence (21:34) - Tactical nukes (30:59) - Nuclear submarines (33:59) - Nuclear missiles (41:10) - Nuclear football (50:17) - Missile interceptor system (54:34) - North Korea (1:01:10) - Nuclear war scenarios (1:10:02) - Warmongers (1:14:31) - President's cognitive ability (1:20:43) - Refusing orders (1:28:41) - Russia and Putin (1:33:48) - Cyberattack (1:35:09) - Ground zero of nuclear war (1:39:48) - Surviving nuclear war (1:44:06) - Nuclear winter (1:54:29) - Alien civilizations (2:00:04) - Extrasensory perception (2:13:50) - Area 51 (2:17:48) - UFOs and aliens (2:28:15) - Roswell incident (2:34:55) - CIA assassinations (2:53:47) - Navalny (2:56:12) - KGB (3:02:48) - Hitler and the atomic bomb (3:06:52) - War and human nature (3:10:17) - Hope