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    #323 – Will Sasso: Comedy, MADtv, AI, Friendship, Madness, and Pro Wrestling

    Acting is about challenging yourself to become the character and create something unique, then taking a deep dive into the character and putting all of your energy into it.

    enSeptember 24, 2022

    About this Episode

    Will Sasso is a comedian, actor, and co-host of the Dudesy podcast. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings - Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lex to get 1 month of fish oil - BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off - Onnit: https://lexfridman.com/onnit to get up to 10% off - Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit EPISODE LINKS: Will's Instagram: https://instagram.com/willsasso Will's Twitter: https://twitter.com/WillSasso Dudsey's YouTube: https://youtube.com/Dudesy Dudsey's Website: https://dudesypod.com Dudsey's Patreon: https://patreon.com/dudesy PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (07:16) - Video games (13:22) - Bobby Lee (15:32) - Stand-up comedy (23:03) - Robin Williams (24:25) - Loneliness and depression (32:46) - John Candy (39:35) - Friendship (45:23) - Ten Minute Podcast (50:22) - Dudesy podcast (58:41) - Acting (1:10:00) - Impressions (1:15:28) - Artificial intelligence (1:46:55) - Anxiety (1:56:49) - Kindness (2:00:45) - Bad days (2:04:39) - Pro wrestling (2:08:15) - Advice for young people (2:22:20) - Meaning of life

    🔑 Key Takeaways

    • Humans have a longstanding interest in mythical creatures, from dragons to aliens, and conversations like the one between Will Sasso and Lex Fridman highlight the ongoing curiosity of humans to understand them.
    • Technology can provide a source of escapism and joy through exploring the world of video games and other advancements.
    • Stand-up comedy is an art form that takes time and effort to develop one's own unique style, and having a passion and love for the art form is essential for success.
    • Finding one's voice is a difficult journey, but it can also be a rewarding one.
    • Having a constant presence in your life to love and support you can be incredibly beneficial in overcoming depression. Taking care of yourself and filling your life with things that make you happy are important steps in dealing with depression. Talking about depression openly can help others facing similar issues.
    • Mental health is an important part of life and should not be overlooked. Taking steps to help oneself, including therapy and medication, can lead to immediate relief and a deeper connection to life and comedy.
    • It is important to take the time to get to know and appreciate those around us, no matter how difficult life may be.
    • A strong friendship is built on trust, communication and showing each other that you care. Being a good friend requires effort and time, but it is worth it.
    • Technology allows us to stay in touch with our friends, but the real connection is when we are there for the important highs and lows.
    • AI can be used to explore, discover, and unlock new ideas.
    • AI writing provides an opportunity to explore new ideas and have fun while creating something unique.
    • Acting is about challenging yourself to become the character and create something unique, then taking a deep dive into the character and putting all of your energy into it.
    • Working with the right people can help you learn and apply the right skills to your work. Improvisation and actor motivation are important elements of comedy, and learning from great minds can give you the necessary tools to create your own work.
    • Acting and impersonations require a combination of observation, creativity, and practice to create a convincing caricature. Respect for oneself and knowing when to quit is essential for any actor. Mastering this art form requires the ability to accurately portray a person from the inside, out.
    • It is difficult to capture the essence of a human being, even with AI systems. We are moving towards a future where AI can potentially create avatars of people, even after they are gone, but this may not be enough to truly capture the essence of a human being.
    • Despite advances in technology, it is impossible to fully replicate a person digitally. We can capture and store important aspects of a person, but cannot duplicate them in every way.
    • AI can assess the elements of a joke and explain reasons why humans form relationships, but it will never be able to experience feelings the same way humans do. This is something that humans should be proud of.
    • Combining the chemistry of the comedian and the audience with the perfect timing of delivery and AI, is what is needed to create something truly hilarious.
    • Appreciating art is an important part of the human experience. AI is creating novel and beautiful artwork, but we should not forget the importance of the artist and the journey they take to create it. AI may not replace the human touch of art, but it is pushing us to think critically about our values and how we choose to appreciate it.
    • Social media can be used to create positive and rewarding experiences, instead of simply being seen as a negative activity. It is important to remember that emotions can be used to fuel creativity instead of coming from personal tragedy. Investing in the writing process is often more effective than channeling one's own emotions.
    • Will Sasso conveys the importance of finding a balance between career and personal life, a lesson applicable to all.
    • It's Normal to Feel Fear Before a Performance and it is a Sign of Preparation and Readiness.
    • Believe in yourself and work hard to make sure you're doing what you love well.
    • Remembering and showing kindness to others can make a huge difference in our lives and the lives of those around us.
    • Taking the time to explore and understand different activities can open up a whole new world of joy and comfort, as well as introducing us to new hobbies and ideas.
    • Listen to your intuition and take risks, even if it's unconventional. The internet makes it easier to find and build a career out of something you love. Don't be afraid to make mistakes and be different.
    • Acting in mob movies requires an understanding of the character and an ability to build a connection between characters for an effective performance.
    • Performing arts can be incredibly rewarding, allowing one to get into character, play with energy, and express raw emotion. Will Sasso serves as a great reminder that creativity can be a powerful outlet.
    • Life is precious and we should strive to make the most of it and not take it for granted. Being nice to our neighbours, eating well and laughing at the rest will help us make the most of it.
    • Being kind, mindful of our own thoughts, focusing on small things, incorporating fiber, and using new technologies responsibly are all important for living a meaningful life.

    📝 Podcast Summary

    Exploring the Fascination of Mythical Creatures

    Humans have been captivated by mythical creatures for centuries, from the serpents in religious stories to dragons in stories and videogames.Will Sasso, a comedian, actor, and podcaster, recently discussed this fascination on Lex Fridman's podcast.Will shared that he was wearing pants on the podcast in reverence to their newfound friendship.The conversation continued with Will revealing his love of shorts and hatred of suits, as well as discussing the dragons in the game of Thrones.They even explored the possibility that aliens may have planted legends into the collective intelligence of the human species.This conversation highlights the ongoing fascination and curiosity of humans to understand mythical creatures.

    Escapism Through Technology and Video Games

    Video games and exploring the world of technology can be a source of happiness and escapism.Bobby Lee is a great example of this, as he is a huge fan of Skyra and loves to play video games and grind, doing the same tasks over and over.He even goes as far as to describe himself as a 'gatherer' and has been known to pull his bird out of his pants for comedic affect! With technology advancing, there is no shortage of ways to explore the world and find joy in it.

    Stand-up Comedy: An Art Form That Requires Time and Effort

    Will Sasso's experience in the entertainment industry taught him that stand-up comedy is an art form that requires time and effort to develop one's own unique style.It can take years of practice to find and hone your own voice and style of comedy.He also cautioned that it takes a lot more than just a microphone to succeed in the comedy world.He believes that having a passion for comedy and a love for the art form is essential for success.His advice to aspiring comedians is to ask themselves why they are doing stand-up to make sure their motivation is genuine.

    Finding One's Voice: A Challenging Journey

    Finding one's voice is a difficult journey.Will Sasso, an actor and comedian, was a class clown from an early age and was inspired by comedic acts such as Monty Python and SCTV.Later, he found his way into acting and was even part of a teen show for five years.He found that he enjoyed acting more than talking about himself, finding it more enjoyable to have an illusion in entertainment.He also looked up to Robert Williams, another comedic actor, and was saddened by his suicide.Will spoke about the possible isolating aspects of celebrity, but personally he found that he had a small group of friends and nobody really cared about him in LA.It's evident that finding one's voice can be a challenging journey, but it can also be a rewarding one.

    The Benefits of Having a Loving and Supportive Partner in Dealing with Depression

    Having a low point in life is something that everyone experiences and no one is immune to it.It can be difficult to deal with, but having a supportive and loving partner can be an immense help.Will Sasso's fiancee was an example of this, and it's great to see the support from her side.Will's takeaway from this was that having a constant presence in your life to love and support you can be incredibly beneficial in overcoming depression.He also stresses the importance of taking care of yourself and filling your life with things that make you happy.Finally, he recommends talking about depression openly, as it can help others facing similar issues.

    Mental Health: A Journey from Struggles to Appreciation

    Mental health is an important part of life and should not be overlooked.Will Sasso, a Canadian actor, had to learn this lesson the hard way.He was struggling with mental health issues for some time and thought that it was something only others faced.But as he got older, he realised that he too needed help.With courage and determination, he decided to take steps to help himself, including therapy and medication.He experienced immediate relief and felt like a sponge that had been given water.Through his personal story, he has realised that there is more to mental health than just lifestyle.There is a deeper connection that can be found with the roller coaster of life and comedy.Will has found a way to keep his life balanced and normal, while still appreciating the beauty of life.

    Appreciating Kindness and Connection with Others

    Being a good friend means taking the time to be there for someone and understanding them.In the movie "John Candy", the ending scene shows the importance of this act perfectly.John Candy, despite being alone and seeing Neil's family on Thanksgiving, forces a smile which is the last frame of the movie.It is in this moment that we see the necessity of kindness and connection with others, even when we feel lonely.This is further highlighted by Lex's story of meeting a waitress in Vegas at 4am and seeing the sadness in her eyes.It is these connections that can bring us joy and create a sense of belonging.Ultimately, it is important to take the time to get to know and appreciate those around us, no matter how difficult life may be.

    Show Your Friends Presence and Make Time for Them

    It's important to show your friends presence and be there for them, even if you don't have time to hang out.If you don't check in with them, they might think you're angry with them.A good friendship is built on trust and communication.Showing each other you care and being there when they need you is the best way to maintain a strong relationship.Being a good friend isn't always easy, but it's worth it.Show your friends you care and make time for them, no matter how busy you are.

    The Importance of Staying Connected in Friendship

    Growing up in a world without cell phones, Will Sasso learnt the importance of friendship and staying in touch with his close friends.He speaks of a buddy who taught him a valuable lesson - "I may not be in touch all the time, but I know who my friends are." This emphasises the importance of staying connected with your friends, even if you don't talk for months.With technology, it is easy to stay in touch, but Will believes that the real connection is when you are there for the important highs and lows.Despite success and fame, he kept up his podcasts and enjoyed goofing around with his friends, creating an atmosphere of fun and absurdity.This teaches us the importance of friendship and staying connected, despite being in different places in life.

    Unlocking the Power of AI to Discover New Ideas

    Learning through AI is a powerful way to discover new ideas.Chad and Will, two friends, used AI to develop their podcast, Doozy.The AI was given access to their emails, search histories, and purchase histories to curate four segments per episode.Through the AI's generated premise, Chad and Will were liberated to riff and explore new topics.This allowed them to discuss everything from Hulk Hogan impersonations to Marjorie Taylor Greene.AI opened up a new world of learning for Chad and Will, showing that technology can be used to discover and explore.

    Exploring New Ideas with AI Writing

    Chad and Will are two friends who are passionate about writing, movies, and TV shows.To further their creativity, they decided to join forces and create something new.They experimented with AI writing, and found that it made them both laugh and think.It's like having a conversation with an invisible friend, where you never know what's coming next.The AI is not great at branding yet, but it is getting better and learning from them.Dozy helps them to stay focused and provide valuable content to their audience, while having fun.AI writing has given them an opportunity to explore new ideas and create something unique.They now have a whole new world of possibilities to explore.

    Exploring and Expressing Through the Craft of Acting

    Actors have the opportunity to explore and express themselves through the craft of acting.It is not just about taking on a role and forgetting yourself, but rather it is about becoming the character and living in the moment.It is about challenging yourself to embody the character and create something unique.The thrill of becoming the character and then jumping out of it is what makes it so fun and rewarding.It is about taking a deep dive into the character and putting all of your energy into it.Once you have finished a project, you may even find that some of the character has stayed with you, making it a truly special experience.

    Learning From The Best: Will’s Experience With Larry David

    Will has a great learning experience when working with the one and only Larry David.Despite being intimidated, he was able to channel all the comedy knowledge he had gained from watching Larry’s work.Will was able to apply this to his performance, leading to a great interaction with the comedic genius.He further understood the power of improvisation and the importance of having the right actor motivation.Will was also able to appreciate Larry's brilliance and the way he was able to come up with such great comedic lines.This experience taught Will the value of learning from the best and applying it to his own work.

    Mastering the Art of Acting and Impersonations

    Learning to act and do impersonations is an art form that takes dedication and practice.It requires the ability to observe a person from the outside and accurately portray them from the inside.It also needs creativity to make a caricature of the person to make the illusion stronger.Larry David is a master of this art form, but even he needs to be convinced that an actor is sincere.Brad Pitt is an example of an actor that knows when to quit and respect himself.Frank Kelly Endo is an example of an actor that has perfected this art form with his record button and broadcast ability.

    Capturing the Essence of a Human Being

    Capturing essence is hard and requires a certain skill set.Will Sasso found it was impossible to capture Michael Kane's essence even with a research tape.Similarly, capturing the essence of oneself would be difficult for even an AI system.We are moving towards a future where AI can potentially create avatars of people, even after they are gone.However, this ability may not be enough to truly capture the essence of a human being.

    Capturing the Human Essence in a Digital World

    Technology has made great strides in perfecting the ability to replicate humans digitally.However, it is still very difficult to fully capture the essence of a person, their memories, experiences, and quirks.Despite advances in AI and neural networks, technology is not yet able to replicate the complexity and beauty of the human brain.Even though it is possible to capture and store some important aspects of a person, it is impossible to replicate that person in every way.Even though we may be able to keep the essence of a person alive in a digital world, we can never truly duplicate them.

    AI is Still Not Capable of Understanding Human Nuances and Relationships

    Although Artificial Intelligence (AI) has come a long way, it is still not capable of understanding the nuances of humour and the complexities of human relationships.AI can assess the elements of a joke, but it cannot generate humour, as it does not have the ability to think outside the box.Similarly, although AI can explain the reasons why humans form relationships, it cannot experience the emotion of love.AI will come a long way in the future but it will never be able to experience feelings the same way humans do.This is something that humans should be proud of.

    Mastering the Art of Humor through Collaboration and AI

    Humor is a difficult thing to master, even for humans.It takes a combination of collaboration, experience and feedback from an audience to create something that is funny.AI has recently been able to generate memes and Twitter accounts, but stand-up is a much more complex art form.It takes the chemistry of the comedian and the audience and the perfect delivery of timing to be successful.AI is slowly learning to generate comedy, but it still has a long way to go.We must continue to collaborate with each other and machines to make something truly hilarious.

    Embracing the New Innovations of AI in Art

    Art is an expression of the human experience and its appreciation is something we should all strive for.AI is allowing us to create artwork that is novel and beautiful, but it can also make us question our appreciation for art.We should embrace these new innovations, but not forget the importance of the artist and their journey to create it.AI may never completely replace the human touch of art, but it is pushing us to think critically about our values and how we choose to appreciate it.

    Harnessing Social Media for Positive and Rewarding Experiences

    In a digital world where everyone is connected, the next generation needs to learn how to use social media in a positive and healthy way.It may be tempting to think that staring at a phone is a negative thing, but it can also be a source of joy and connection.As a performer, it can be difficult to manage emotions while performing, but it can be an incredibly rewarding experience when done right.It is important to remember that not all emotions come from personal tragedy, and investing in the writing is often more effective than channeling your own emotions.

    Balancing Career and Personal Life

    The entertainment industry is a highly emotional one.From the close-knit relationships between cast and crew to the highs and lows of the story lines, actors have to be able to tap into and portray emotions accurately.As a result, actors often form strong bonds with each other, almost like a real family.But when the project is finished, everyone must part ways and move on to the next project.Will Sasso conveys the bittersweet feeling of having to say goodbye to a group of people that have become like family.Despite the sadness of saying goodbye, he is reminded of the importance of his own family waiting for him at home.Will Sasso has found a balance between his career and his personal life, a lesson that is applicable to all of us.

    Acknowledge Fear and Use it to Push Forward

    Being scared before a performance is normal and can be a sign of preparation and readiness.Will Sasso's story about his grandfather illustrates that even the most skilled professionals have felt fear and anxiety before trying something new.It's important to acknowledge the fear and use it to push us forward to our best performance.We can learn from Will's story that it's not only okay to be scared, but it's also a sign that we are ready to take on a challenge and succeed.

    Strive to Be Good at What You Do

    No matter what your dreams or ambitions might be, it's important to take pride in the work you do.You don't have to be the best or the biggest, but strive to be good at what you do.Everyone wants to be good at something, so if you're lucky enough to be doing what you love, don't give up and work hard to make sure you're doing it well.Life will throw challenges your way, and though it's natural to be self-critical, take care not to let it get the better of you.Believe in yourself and strive to be the best version of you.

    The Power of Tiny Moments of Kindness

    No matter how bad a day may be, it's important to take time to do something that brings you comfort.For me, that's remembering the time when my niece, who was five or six at the time, told me in her neighbourhood that "people love you here".It was a small act of kindness that made me feel connected to the rest of humanity and I'll never forget it.It's also important to show kindness to others - even if it's simply telling someone how great they are in a movie or how much you appreciate their service.It's those tiny moments of kindness that can make all the difference.

    Finding Comfort and Joy Through Exploring Different Hobbies and Activities

    Exploring different hobbies and activities can be a great way to find comfort and joy.Brett Hart is a great example of this as he achieved greatness in the ring by combining showmanship and psychology.Even something as seemingly simple as playing guitar can bring immense joy.Taking the time to explore and understand different activities can open up a whole new world of joy and comfort, as well as introducing us to new hobbies and ideas.

    Pursue Your Passions and Believe in Yourself

    Advice for young people: Pursue something you love, even if it's unconventional.Listen to your gut and find people who share your passions.Don't be afraid to take risks and make mistakes.Even if it takes a while to figure out what you love, trust yourself and follow your heart.With the internet, it's easier to find like-minded people and make a career out of something you love.Believe in yourself and don't be afraid to be different.

    Mastering the Art of Acting in Mob Movies

    Shooting a movie can be a daunting task, from memorizing lines to understanding the character.However, the effort is worth it when you reach those moments between "action" and "cut" when you get to portray the character to its full potential.This could be especially true in dramatic roles, like mob movies, where the stakes are high and emotions run deep.Even in a movie like Casino, where Joe Peche's performance was masterful, the actors had to work together to find the right energy and build the friendship between their characters.It's moments like these that make the job of an actor all the more rewarding.

    Unleashing Creative Outlets Through Performing Arts

    Performing arts can be incredibly rewarding.Will Sasso is a great example of this.He loves to perform and finds joy in it, whether it be for a live audience or on a podcast.He loves to get into character and play with the energy of a scene, giving it real personality.He also loves performing on the spot, allowing his charisma and raw expression to shine through.His passion for performing is evident and serves as a great reminder that creativity can be a powerful outlet.

    Taking Life Seriously While Laughing at the Rest

    Comedians provide us with a unique form of entertainment; they make us laugh, think and reflect.A great stand-up comedian is able to take the audience on a journey and provide an escape from their everyday lives.Will Sasso reminded us that life should be taken seriously but to also laugh at the rest.He also reminds us to be nice to our neighbours, eat well and not take ourselves too seriously.Life is precious and at the end of the day, no one gets out alive.We should all strive to make the most of it and not take it for granted.

    Finding Perspective and Understanding in Living a Meaningful Life

    Living a meaningful life involves having perspective and understanding.It's important to be kind, not take everything too seriously, and to be mindful of how our own thoughts can impact us negatively.We should remember to focus on the small things, incorporate fiber, and spread love to the world.New technologies can be powerful and dangerous; it's important to use them responsibly and consider the consequences.

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    #427 – Neil Adams: Judo, Olympics, Winning, Losing, and the Champion Mindset

    #427 – Neil Adams: Judo, Olympics, Winning, Losing, and the Champion Mindset
    Neil Adams is a judo world champion, 2-time Olympic silver medalist, 5-time European champion, and often referred to as the Voice of Judo. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - ZipRecruiter: https://ziprecruiter.com/lex - Eight Sleep: https://eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings - MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lexpod to get 15% off - LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack - NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/neil-adams-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Neil's Instagram: https://instagram.com/naefighting Neil's YouTube: https://youtube.com/NAEffectiveFighting Neil's TikTok: https://tiktok.com/@neiladamsmbe Neil's Facebook: https://facebook.com/NeilAdamsJudo Neil's X: https://x.com/NeilAdamsJudo Neil's Website: https://naeffectivefighting.com Neil's Podcast: https://naeffectivefighting.com/podcasts/the-dojo-collective-podcast A Life in Judo (book): https://amzn.to/4d3DtfB A Game of Throws (audiobook): https://amzn.to/4aA2WeJ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (09:13) - 1980 Olympics (26:35) - Judo explained (34:40) - Winning (52:54) - 1984 Olympics (1:01:55) - Lessons from losing (1:17:37) - Teddy Riner (1:37:12) - Training in Japan (1:52:51) - Jiu jitsu (2:03:59) - Training (2:27:18) - Advice for beginners

    #426 – Edward Gibson: Human Language, Psycholinguistics, Syntax, Grammar & LLMs

    #426 – Edward Gibson: Human Language, Psycholinguistics, Syntax, Grammar & LLMs
    Edward Gibson is a psycholinguistics professor at MIT and heads the MIT Language Lab. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - Yahoo Finance: https://yahoofinance.com - Listening: https://listening.com/lex and use code LEX to get one month free - Policygenius: https://policygenius.com/lex - Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get $1 per month trial - Eight Sleep: https://eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/edward-gibson-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Edward's X: https://x.com/LanguageMIT TedLab: https://tedlab.mit.edu/ Edward's Google Scholar: https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=4FsWE64AAAAJ TedLab's YouTube: https://youtube.com/@Tedlab-MIT PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (10:53) - Human language (14:59) - Generalizations in language (20:46) - Dependency grammar (30:45) - Morphology (39:20) - Evolution of languages (42:40) - Noam Chomsky (1:26:46) - Thinking and language (1:40:16) - LLMs (1:53:14) - Center embedding (2:19:42) - Learning a new language (2:23:34) - Nature vs nurture (2:30:10) - Culture and language (2:44:38) - Universal language (2:49:01) - Language translation (2:52:16) - Animal communication

    #425 – Andrew Callaghan: Channel 5, Gonzo, QAnon, O-Block, Politics & Alex Jones

    #425 – Andrew Callaghan: Channel 5, Gonzo, QAnon, O-Block, Politics & Alex Jones
    Andrew Callaghan is the host of Channel 5 on YouTube, where he does street interviews with fascinating humans at the edges of society, the so-called vagrants, vagabonds, runaways, outlaws, from QAnon adherents to Phish heads to O Block residents and much more. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - ShipStation: https://shipstation.com/lex and use code LEX to get 60-day free trial - BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off - LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack - MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lexpod to get 15% off - AG1: https://drinkag1.com/lex to get 1 month supply of fish oil Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/andrew-callaghan-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Channel 5 with Andrew Callaghan: https://www.youtube.com/channel5YouTube Andrew's Instagram: https://instagram.com/andreww.me Andrew's Website: https://andrew-callaghan.com/ Andrew's Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/channel5 This Place Rules: https://www.hbo.com/movies/this-place-rules Books Mentioned: On the Road: https://amzn.to/4aLPLHi Siddhartha: https://amzn.to/49rthKz PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (08:53) - Walmart (10:24) - Early life (29:14) - Hitchhiking (40:49) - Couch surfing (49:50) - Quarter Confessions (1:07:33) - Burning Man (1:22:44) - Protests (1:28:17) - Jon Stewart (1:31:13) - Fame (1:44:31) - Jan 6 (1:48:15) - QAnon (1:54:00) - Alex Jones (2:10:52) - Politics (2:20:29) - Response to allegations (2:37:28) - Channel 5 (2:43:04) - Rap (2:44:51) - O Block (2:48:47) - Crip Mac (2:51:59) - Aliens

    #424 – Bassem Youssef: Israel-Palestine, Gaza, Hamas, Middle East, Satire & Fame

    #424 – Bassem Youssef: Israel-Palestine, Gaza, Hamas, Middle East, Satire & Fame
    Bassem Youssef is an Egyptian-American comedian & satirist, referred to as the Jon Stewart of the Arab World. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - AG1: https://drinkag1.com/lex to get 1 month supply of fish oil - Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get $1 per month trial - Eight Sleep: https://eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings - LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/bassem-youssef-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Bassem's X: https://x.com/Byoussef Bassem's Instagram: https://instagram.com/bassem Bassem's Facebook: https://facebook.com/bassemyousseftv Bassem's Website: https://bassemyoussef.xyz PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (06:30) - Oct 7 (36:59) - Two-state solution (52:37) - Holocaust (1:00:24) - 1948 (1:09:17) - Egypt (1:23:39) - Jon Stewart (1:25:51) - Going viral during the Arab Spring (1:49:55) - Arabic vs English (2:02:18) - Sam Harris and Jihad (2:07:25) - Religion (2:26:37) - TikTok (2:31:10) - Joe Rogan (2:33:07) - Joe Biden (2:37:33) - Putin (2:39:21) - War (2:44:17) - Hope

    #423 – Tulsi Gabbard: War, Politics, and the Military Industrial Complex

    #423 – Tulsi Gabbard: War, Politics, and the Military Industrial Complex
    Tulsi Gabbard is a politician, veteran, and author of For Love of Country. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - Riverside: https://creators.riverside.fm/LEX and use code LEX to get 30% off - ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod to get 3 months free - NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour - Notion: https://notion.com/lex Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/tulsi-gabbard-transcript EPISODE LINKS: For Love of Country (book): https://amzn.to/3VLlofM Tulsi's X: https://x.com/tulsigabbard Tulsi's YouTube: https://youtube.com/@TulsiGabbard Tulsi's Podcast: https://youtube.com/@TheTulsiGabbardShow Tulsi's Instagram: https://instagram.com/tulsigabbard Tulsi's Facebook: https://facebook.com/TulsiGabbard Tulsi's Website: https://tulsigabbard.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (07:14) - War in Iraq (15:00) - Battle injuries and PTSD (22:10) - War on terrorism (30:51) - War in Gaza (34:52) - War in Ukraine (38:38) - Syria (46:20) - Warmongers (55:40) - Nuclear war (1:11:08) - TikTok ban (1:23:13) - Bernie Sanders (1:28:08) - Politics (1:46:59) - Personal attacks (1:49:07) - God

    #422 – Mark Cuban: Shark Tank, DEI & Wokeism Debate, Elon Musk, Politics & Drugs

    #422 – Mark Cuban: Shark Tank, DEI & Wokeism Debate, Elon Musk, Politics & Drugs
    Mark Cuban is a businessman, investor, star of TV series Shark Tank, long-time principal owner of Dallas Mavericks, and founder of Cost Plus Drugs. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - Listening: https://listening.com/lex and use code LEX to get one month free - Cloaked: https://cloaked.com/lex and use code LexPod to get 25% off - Notion: https://notion.com/lex - Eight Sleep: https://eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings - Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get $1 per month trial Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/mark-cuban-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Mark's X: https://twitter.com/mcuban Mark's Instagram: https://instagram.com/mcuban Cost Plus Drugs: https://costplusdrugs.com Shark Tank: https://abc.com/shows/shark-tank Dallas Mavericks: https://www.mavs.com PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (11:10) - Entrepreneurship (26:03) - Shark Tank (36:29) - How Mark made first billion (1:02:39) - Dallas Mavericks (1:08:05) - DEI debate (1:43:58) - Trump vs Biden (1:46:20) - Immigration (1:55:53) - Drugs and Big Pharma (2:11:53) - AI (2:16:05) - Advice for young people

    #421 – Dana White: UFC, Fighting, Khabib, Conor, Tyson, Ali, Rogan, Elon & Zuck

    #421 – Dana White: UFC, Fighting, Khabib, Conor, Tyson, Ali, Rogan, Elon & Zuck
    Dana White is the CEO and president of the UFC. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack - Notion: https://notion.com/lex - AG1: https://drinkag1.com/lex to get 1 month supply of fish oil - InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/dana-white-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Dana's X: https://x.com/danawhite Dana's Instagram: https://instagram.com/danawhite Dana's Facebook: https://facebook.com/danawhite UFC's YouTube: https://youtube.com/@UFC UFC's Website: https://ufc.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (06:31) - Mike Tyson and early days of fighting (17:10) - Jiu jitsu (23:14) - Origin of UFC (37:25) - Joe Rogan (43:31) - Lorenzo Fertitta (45:58) - Great fighters (49:55) - Khabib vs Conor (53:01) - Jon Jones (56:03) - Conor McGregor (1:01:05) - Trump (1:06:44) - Elon vs Zuck (1:08:04) - Mike Tyson vs Jake Paul (1:10:52) - Forrest Griffin vs Stephan Bonnar (1:18:06) - Gambling (1:33:08) - Mortality

    #420 – Annie Jacobsen: Nuclear War, CIA, KGB, Aliens, Area 51, Roswell & Secrecy

    #420 – Annie Jacobsen: Nuclear War, CIA, KGB, Aliens, Area 51, Roswell & Secrecy
    Annie Jacobsen is an investigative journalist and author of "Nuclear War: A Scenario" and many other books on war, weapons, government secrecy, and national security. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - HiddenLayer: https://hiddenlayer.com/lex - BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off - Policygenius: https://policygenius.com/lex - NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/annie-jacobsen-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Nuclear War: A Scenario (book): https://amzn.to/3THZHfr Annie's Twitter: https://twitter.com/anniejacobsen Annie's Website: https://anniejacobsen.com/ Annie's Books: https://amzn.to/3TGWyMJ Annie's Books (audio): https://adbl.co/49ZnI7c PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (07:37) - Nuclear war (12:21) - Launch procedure (18:00) - Deterrence (21:34) - Tactical nukes (30:59) - Nuclear submarines (33:59) - Nuclear missiles (41:10) - Nuclear football (50:17) - Missile interceptor system (54:34) - North Korea (1:01:10) - Nuclear war scenarios (1:10:02) - Warmongers (1:14:31) - President's cognitive ability (1:20:43) - Refusing orders (1:28:41) - Russia and Putin (1:33:48) - Cyberattack (1:35:09) - Ground zero of nuclear war (1:39:48) - Surviving nuclear war (1:44:06) - Nuclear winter (1:54:29) - Alien civilizations (2:00:04) - Extrasensory perception (2:13:50) - Area 51 (2:17:48) - UFOs and aliens (2:28:15) - Roswell incident (2:34:55) - CIA assassinations (2:53:47) - Navalny (2:56:12) - KGB (3:02:48) - Hitler and the atomic bomb (3:06:52) - War and human nature (3:10:17) - Hope