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    #218 – Jaron Lanier: Virtual Reality, Social Media & the Future of Humans and AI

    Working collaboratively and considering the environmental impacts are critical in improvements to digital currencies. True freedom is the ability to deal with the opinions of others rather than avoiding them.

    enSeptember 06, 2021

    About this Episode

    Jaron Lanier is a computer scientist, composer, artist, author, and founder of the field of virtual reality. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - Skiff: https://skiff.org/lex to get early access - Novo: https://banknovo.com/lex - Onnit: https://lexfridman.com/onnit to get up to 10% off - Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit - Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex and use code LEX to get special savings EPISODE LINKS: Jaron's Website: http://www.jaronlanier.com/ Jaron's Books: https://amzn.to/3tlhl9T PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (08:04) - What is reality? (12:17) - Turing machines (13:35) - Simulating our universe (19:49) - Video games and other immersive experiences (23:37) - Death and consciousness (32:08) - Designing human-centric AI (33:42) - Empathy with robots (37:33) - Social media incentives (49:53) - Data dignity (57:26) - Jack Dorsey and Twitter (1:09:10) - Bitcoin and cryptocurrencies (1:13:51) - Government overreach and freedom (1:24:06) - GitHub and TikTok (1:26:16) - The Autodidactic Universe (1:31:07) - Humans and the mystery of music (1:37:17) - Defining moments (1:48:03) - Mortality (1:49:56) - The meaning of life

    🔑 Key Takeaways

    • Virtual reality has practical applications and can augment the physical world, but it should not replace it completely. Lanier believes they can coexist and complement each other.
    • Technology may continue to shape our understanding of reality, but it's important to value and protect our physical world while using technology to better understand ourselves and our place in it.
    • Jaron Lanier advises having modesty and understanding our motivations when exploring the simulation theory. He warns against being too consumed by technology and reflects on the complicated nature of humans, including the role of death in shaping our world.
    • Different philosophical approaches to consciousness are influenced by the fear and denial of death. Jaron Lanier argues that our understanding of consciousness should be supported by evidence and reason, not solely by faith.
    • When integrating AI, it's important to be cautious of both overreaching and underutilizing it. We should prioritize human values and goals, and maintain skepticism and empathy towards algorithms.
    • AI can be designed to facilitate empathetic relationships while respecting our agency. Current social media relies on crude feedback loops, producing disconnection. Fixing this requires understanding human incentives via economics.
    • Taking a break from social media can improve overall happiness and well-being. Responsible curation and algorithms can help design a social media system that is respectful towards users and their emotions, without encouraging negative behaviors.
    • Incentivizing positive behavior and valuing individual empowerment through data dignity can lead to healthy and productive online conversations. Sites like GitHub provide a model for successful engagement, and a decentralized approach may be key.
    • While a decentralized algorithmic system for basic income may have drawbacks, data unions could provide a solution by allowing individuals to sell their data and contribute to a more creative and prideful community, ultimately lifting the lower wing of the bell curve through a safety net. This could create economic potential for a larger portion of society.
    • Social media platforms should prioritize long-term growth and individual goals, with personalized algorithms and data control, to foster a genuine market economy that rewards productivity and value over attention-grabbing tactics.
    • Decentralizing social media and empowering individuals to control their data must be achieved through simplified interfaces and incentives that benefit creative individuals rather than just programmers. This creates a collaborative platform that benefits everyone.
    • Working collaboratively and considering the environmental impacts are critical in improvements to digital currencies. True freedom is the ability to deal with the opinions of others rather than avoiding them.
    • While government has its flaws, other issues, like criminal gangs and failed infrastructure, can arise too. Cryptocurrencies may offer a way to resist government control, but they also tend to support criminal activity more than positive economic growth.
    • Cryptocurrency has the potential to improve our financial systems, but we must be cautious about overly relying on money and be aware of the risks of blindly following the first viral wave. We need balance between economics and politics.
    • Jaron Lanier's paper proposes a triple correspondence framework which allows physicists to understand theoretical physics as matrix models and machine learning systems, providing new tools and options for stalled research. This fresh perspective has potential for new paths in physics research.
    • Jaron Lanier believes that while we may not know our exact significance in the universe, music can offer a glimpse into its mysteries and humbles us as humans. He emphasizes treating humans as unique and special.
    • Jaron Lanier reminds us to trust our intuition, recognize the fragility of emotions, and find solace in music. Hard lessons define us, and kindness requires genius.
    • How we perceive Beethoven's music is subjective and varies based on our emotions. As we age and experience loss, our perceptions of mortality may evolve, but it ultimately becomes a more familiar concept. Looking to the future can still inspire optimism.
    • To find optimism in life, we must embrace humility and appreciate the awe-inspiring moments that contribute to our sense of purpose. While the meaning of life may be elusive, the value of our connection to something greater is undeniable.
    • Ultimate meaning cannot be defined analytically and must be experienced or appreciated aesthetically. Attempting to understand it through external context is impossible and may result in a category error.

    📝 Podcast Summary

    Jaron Lanier on Virtual Reality and the Value of the Physical World

    Jaron Lanier, the founder of virtual reality, believes that the physical world is still valuable and magical, and that virtual reality should not replace it completely. He explains that virtual reality is currently made of software, which is messy and arbitrary, and that it brings out a certain kind of nerdy personality that he is not fond of. However, he acknowledges that virtual reality can have practical applications, such as the first surgical simulator, and that it can also be used to augment the physical world, allowing people to better appreciate and notice its beauty. Ultimately, Lanier believes that virtual reality and the physical world can coexist and complement each other.

    The Limits of Technology and Human Perception

    The idea that we are living in a simulation or computer-generated reality is not a new one, but it raises important questions about the limits of technology and human perception. While some may argue that technology will eventually surpass our ability to understand and experience reality, others argue that human perception and the evolution of media technology will continue to shape our understanding of the world around us. What is important is that we continue to appreciate and care for the physical world we have, and use technology to better understand ourselves and our place in it.

    Exploring the Idea of Simulation and Our Human Nature

    Jaron Lanier believes that exploring the idea of whether we are in a simulation or not can be interesting, but he cautions against pretending to know more than we do. He encourages people to have modesty and understand their motivations when exploring these ideas. While he acknowledges that humans have both darkness and beauty within them, he worries about cases where we become too consumed by technology that it makes us crazy or cruel enough that we might not survive. Additionally, he notes that humans are fundamentally complicated and challenging beings, which is what makes life interesting. He also acknowledges the role of death in shaping our understanding of the world and the formation of civilizations.

    The Role of Death and Faith in Philosophical Approaches to Consciousness

    The fear of death and the denial of death are key motivators of different philosophical approaches to consciousness. Jaron Lanier argues that both the sentimental school of dualism and the hardcore computationalist idea believe that there is something apart from the physical brain that will ensure their survival beyond death. However, Lanier believes that this is all a matter of faith, and that we must update our concept of faith to include our belief in consciousness. He argues that our circle of empathy, which is fundamental to our understanding of consciousness, cannot be based solely on faith, but must also be supported by evidence and reason.

    Balancing the Risks and Rewards of AI

    The use of AI requires a pragmatic consideration, balancing the potential for inhumanity with the risk of incompetence. Aiming too big or too small can lead to cruelty or exclusion, respectively. AI poses new challenges in this regard, as it becomes increasingly advanced and potentially self-aware. While some argue for including AI within our moral frameworks, Jaron Lanier argues that this risks excluding ourselves from being good engineers or designers. Instead, we should subordinate algorithms and be more skeptical of them. Overall, it is important to cultivate empathy, respect, and admiration for humanity in the development of technology, and not view it as an end in itself but as a tool subservient to our values and goals.

    AI for Deeper Human Connections and Empathy

    AI can be designed to foster deeper human connections rather than manipulate our behavior for profit. AI systems can function as companions that respect our agency and offer empathy rather than telling us what to do. The problem with current social media algorithms is that they operate on crude feedback loops based on engagement rather than truly understanding human behavior. Fixing this problem requires a deeper understanding of human incentives, which is a matter for economics. While advertising has historically funded positive efforts, social media algorithms are crude and lead to a vicious cycle of fight or flight responses that ultimately erode deeper connections between humans.

    The Negative Impact of Social Media on Our Well-being

    Jaron Lanier, a computer scientist, emphasizes the negative impact of social media on our well-being. He highlights the ancient circuits in our brains, which trigger feelings of aggression, fear, paranoia, and other negative emotions when we use social media. These feelings lead to people becoming more and more drawn into patterns of behaving in ways we are not proud of. Jaron suggests people take a break from social media to see how it affects their overall happiness and well-being. He also shares the idea of designing a social media system that is respectful to people and their emotions, and does not encourage perverse incentives. This can happen through responsible curation and algorithms that don't recommend questionable content.

    Promoting Healthy Conversations Online through Positive Behavior and Data Dignity

    Jaron Lanier argues that promoting healthy conversations online requires incentivizing positive behavior and creating a stake in the platform. He suggests looking to sites like GitHub, where users have a real-world stake in maintaining the code and projects they contribute to, as a model for healthy online discussions. Additionally, Lanier discusses the concept of data dignity, which involves valuing and empowering the individuals who provide the data that powers online platforms. Ultimately, a decentralized approach that values dignity and incentivizes positive behavior may be the key to promoting healthy and productive conversations online.

    Decentralized Basic Income and the Potential for Data Unions

    According to computer scientist Jaron Lanier, a decentralized algorithmic system for basic income could be problematic, as people may still feel uncomfortable having their income controlled by an algorithm. However, a potential solution is for individuals to form data unions and sell their data, contributing to a more creative and prideful community. Lanier believes that an honest, expanding economy will lift all boats and support the lower wing of the bell curve through a safety net. As more algorithms emerge, there could be many niches for individuals to become members of a new creative class, creating economic potential for a large portion of society.

    The Challenges and Future of Social Media Platforms

    Jaron Lanier and Lex Fridman, in their discussion, highlight the challenges of creating a social media platform that favors long-term growth and happiness over short-term gains. They argue that the current incentivization of social media encourages the dumbest possible content and fails to consider individual goals and values. However, they propose a future where individuals have full control over their data and transparency of data usage. Moreover, the algorithm is personalized for each person, enabling them to define what their long-term happiness and goals are. This future creates a genuine market economy that rewards productivity, creativity, and value, instead of the current communist-like system that just grabs people's attention in the cheapest possible way.

    Simplifying Social Media Decentralization for Creative Individuals

    In a conversation between Jaron Lanier and Lex Fridman, they discussed the idea of decentralizing social media and giving people control over what they see and their data. However, Lanier cautions against making it too complex for non-technical users and emphasizes the importance of aligning incentives to benefit creative individuals rather than just programmers. They also discuss the potential of a platform similar to GitHub and TikTok where creatives can collaborate and share their work. The key takeaway is that decentralizing social media and giving people control over their data can be achieved through simplified interfaces and aligned incentives, ultimately benefiting creative individuals.

    The Importance of Collaboration and Considered Digital Currency

    Jaron Lanier discusses the importance of collaboration and working together to improve processes and outcomes, rather than succumbing to caddiness and divisive behavior. He also touches on the topic of cryptocurrency and the drawbacks of Bitcoin's use of computational inefficiency as a form of security, which harms the environment. Though he advocates for a digital currency, he highlights the need for thoughtful consideration and improvement to create a benefit. Lanier argues that freedom is found in perpetual annoyance, with the test of true freedom being the ability to deal with others' opinions and beliefs, instead of trying to avoid them.

    The Falsehood of Blaming a Strong Government

    The idea that a powerful government is always the problem is false, according to technology philosopher Jaron Lanier. There are many other problems that can arise, such as criminal gangs, abusive clergy, and failed infrastructure. While government can do a lot of good, politics and power can lead to corruption and control over the populace. Cryptocurrencies offer a way to resist government control over the monetary system, but it is uncertain whether they are doing more to prop up corrupt regimes or resist them. Bitcoin ownership and transactions tend to support criminality more than productivity, creativity, and economic growth.

    The Importance of Balancing Digital Currencies and Politics

    Jaron Lanier is pro digital currencies but is against economics wiping out politics completely. He believes that there needs to be a balance between the two to avoid the worst dysfunctions of each. He also states that cryptocurrency can be designed better or worse and that people are often blinded by the desire to be a part of the first viral wave that makes them rich. This can lead to poor decision-making and an unhealthy reliance on money as a source of hope. Jaron urges us to move away from these semi-random occurrences of network effect peaks and soften those peaks.

    The Autodidactic Universe: A New Framework for Physics Research

    Jaron Lanier discusses the idea of creating a universe that learns its own physical laws, which is explored in his paper, "D autodidactic universe." The paper outlines the idea of a triple correspondence, where theoretical physics can be understood as both matrix models and machine learning systems. This framework provides new tools and options for physicists who may find themselves stalled in their research. Additionally, Lanier explores the storytelling aspect of physics and how starting with simple principles that evolve can help push the creation of the universe further back in time. While still in its infancy, this framework provides a fresh perspective on old problems and offers the potential for new paths in physics research.

    Exploring Human Intelligence and Music's Connection to the Universe with Jaron Lanier

    In a conversation between Lex Fridman and Jaron Lanier, the question of human intelligence and our place in the universe is explored. Lanier expresses that we currently do not have enough information to determine our significance or whether we are alone in the universe. However, he also suggests that through music, we may get a glimpse into a deeper understanding of the universe and the multitude of things happening within it. Lanier acknowledges the mystery of music and its ability to connect us to an unknown force, making us humble in our understanding of the universe. The conversation also touches on theoretical physics and the idea of panpsychism, but Lanier ultimately asserts the importance of treating humans as special.

    Jaron Lanier: On Dualism, Emotional Intelligence, and Music

    Jaron Lanier believes in dualism, which means he believes in the existence of something mystical or magical that separates us from machines. He also believes that hard lessons define us and advises young people to pay attention to how they feel and find an anchor in their intuition while recognizing that kindness requires genius. He reminds us that social and interpersonal emotions are fragile and not to be overwhelmed by them. Lanier lost his mother, a young prodigy piano player in Vienna who survived the concentration camp but died in a car accident in the US. Lanier still connects with her through the piano and music.

    Personal Perceptions of Beethoven's Music and Mortality

    The discussion revolves around the perception of Beethoven's music and the varying emotions it evokes in people. Some feel that Beethoven's music is egoistic and turns emotion into an enemy, while others find a way to relate to the composer's work and play it in their unique style. The conversation then turns to mortality and how people's perceptions of death evolve as they age and experience loss. While some may be afraid, familiarity with the concept eventually makes it more ordinary. Despite this, the interviewee believes in the future and remains optimistic.

    The Value of Embracing Humility and Awe in Life's Journey

    Jaron Lanier discusses his optimism that people are part of a larger thing on Earth, and although he cannot define where to draw the circle, this thing has a value, and it's going somewhere. He believes that to have optimism, you also have to embrace humility and make room for it. While life may seem short, Lanier cannot find a complaint department and thinks the question of the meaning of life is too tedious to answer. However, he acknowledges a sense of awe when looking at the stars and believes the experience is fundamental to human civilization's development.

    Jaron Lanier on Understanding Ultimate Meaning

    During a conversation with Lex Fridman, Jaron Lanier discussed the concept of the meaning of life and its limitations. He explained that some ideas, like ultimate meaning, are their own context and cannot be talked about in terms of an outer context. Lanier used the example of trying to define the universe as a Turing machine, which has an external context, in order to understand it. However, this is a category error and is not sensible. Lanier suggested that while trying to understand ultimate meaning analytically may not make sense, it can be experientially or aesthetically valuable.

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    #425 – Andrew Callaghan: Channel 5, Gonzo, QAnon, O-Block, Politics & Alex Jones

    #425 – Andrew Callaghan: Channel 5, Gonzo, QAnon, O-Block, Politics & Alex Jones
    Andrew Callaghan is the host of Channel 5 on YouTube, where he does street interviews with fascinating humans at the edges of society, the so-called vagrants, vagabonds, runaways, outlaws, from QAnon adherents to Phish heads to O Block residents and much more. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - ShipStation: https://shipstation.com/lex and use code LEX to get 60-day free trial - BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off - LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack - MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lexpod to get 15% off - AG1: https://drinkag1.com/lex to get 1 month supply of fish oil Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/andrew-callaghan-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Channel 5 with Andrew Callaghan: https://www.youtube.com/channel5YouTube Andrew's Instagram: https://instagram.com/andreww.me Andrew's Website: https://andrew-callaghan.com/ Andrew's Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/channel5 This Place Rules: https://www.hbo.com/movies/this-place-rules Books Mentioned: On the Road: https://amzn.to/4aLPLHi Siddhartha: https://amzn.to/49rthKz PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (08:53) - Walmart (10:24) - Early life (29:14) - Hitchhiking (40:49) - Couch surfing (49:50) - Quarter Confessions (1:07:33) - Burning Man (1:22:44) - Protests (1:28:17) - Jon Stewart (1:31:13) - Fame (1:44:31) - Jan 6 (1:48:15) - QAnon (1:54:00) - Alex Jones (2:10:52) - Politics (2:20:29) - Response to allegations (2:37:28) - Channel 5 (2:43:04) - Rap (2:44:51) - O Block (2:48:47) - Crip Mac (2:51:59) - Aliens

    #424 – Bassem Youssef: Israel-Palestine, Gaza, Hamas, Middle East, Satire & Fame

    #424 – Bassem Youssef: Israel-Palestine, Gaza, Hamas, Middle East, Satire & Fame
    Bassem Youssef is an Egyptian-American comedian & satirist, referred to as the Jon Stewart of the Arab World. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - AG1: https://drinkag1.com/lex to get 1 month supply of fish oil - Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get $1 per month trial - Eight Sleep: https://eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings - LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/bassem-youssef-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Bassem's X: https://x.com/Byoussef Bassem's Instagram: https://instagram.com/bassem Bassem's Facebook: https://facebook.com/bassemyousseftv Bassem's Website: https://bassemyoussef.xyz PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (06:30) - Oct 7 (36:59) - Two-state solution (52:37) - Holocaust (1:00:24) - 1948 (1:09:17) - Egypt (1:23:39) - Jon Stewart (1:25:51) - Going viral during the Arab Spring (1:49:55) - Arabic vs English (2:02:18) - Sam Harris and Jihad (2:07:25) - Religion (2:26:37) - TikTok (2:31:10) - Joe Rogan (2:33:07) - Joe Biden (2:37:33) - Putin (2:39:21) - War (2:44:17) - Hope

    #423 – Tulsi Gabbard: War, Politics, and the Military Industrial Complex

    #423 – Tulsi Gabbard: War, Politics, and the Military Industrial Complex
    Tulsi Gabbard is a politician, veteran, and author of For Love of Country. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - Riverside: https://creators.riverside.fm/LEX and use code LEX to get 30% off - ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod to get 3 months free - NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour - Notion: https://notion.com/lex Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/tulsi-gabbard-transcript EPISODE LINKS: For Love of Country (book): https://amzn.to/3VLlofM Tulsi's X: https://x.com/tulsigabbard Tulsi's YouTube: https://youtube.com/@TulsiGabbard Tulsi's Podcast: https://youtube.com/@TheTulsiGabbardShow Tulsi's Instagram: https://instagram.com/tulsigabbard Tulsi's Facebook: https://facebook.com/TulsiGabbard Tulsi's Website: https://tulsigabbard.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (07:14) - War in Iraq (15:00) - Battle injuries and PTSD (22:10) - War on terrorism (30:51) - War in Gaza (34:52) - War in Ukraine (38:38) - Syria (46:20) - Warmongers (55:40) - Nuclear war (1:11:08) - TikTok ban (1:23:13) - Bernie Sanders (1:28:08) - Politics (1:46:59) - Personal attacks (1:49:07) - God

    #422 – Mark Cuban: Shark Tank, DEI & Wokeism Debate, Elon Musk, Politics & Drugs

    #422 – Mark Cuban: Shark Tank, DEI & Wokeism Debate, Elon Musk, Politics & Drugs
    Mark Cuban is a businessman, investor, star of TV series Shark Tank, long-time principal owner of Dallas Mavericks, and founder of Cost Plus Drugs. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - Listening: https://listening.com/lex and use code LEX to get one month free - Cloaked: https://cloaked.com/lex and use code LexPod to get 25% off - Notion: https://notion.com/lex - Eight Sleep: https://eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings - Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get $1 per month trial Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/mark-cuban-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Mark's X: https://twitter.com/mcuban Mark's Instagram: https://instagram.com/mcuban Cost Plus Drugs: https://costplusdrugs.com Shark Tank: https://abc.com/shows/shark-tank Dallas Mavericks: https://www.mavs.com PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (11:10) - Entrepreneurship (26:03) - Shark Tank (36:29) - How Mark made first billion (1:02:39) - Dallas Mavericks (1:08:05) - DEI debate (1:43:58) - Trump vs Biden (1:46:20) - Immigration (1:55:53) - Drugs and Big Pharma (2:11:53) - AI (2:16:05) - Advice for young people

    #421 – Dana White: UFC, Fighting, Khabib, Conor, Tyson, Ali, Rogan, Elon & Zuck

    #421 – Dana White: UFC, Fighting, Khabib, Conor, Tyson, Ali, Rogan, Elon & Zuck
    Dana White is the CEO and president of the UFC. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack - Notion: https://notion.com/lex - AG1: https://drinkag1.com/lex to get 1 month supply of fish oil - InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/dana-white-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Dana's X: https://x.com/danawhite Dana's Instagram: https://instagram.com/danawhite Dana's Facebook: https://facebook.com/danawhite UFC's YouTube: https://youtube.com/@UFC UFC's Website: https://ufc.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (06:31) - Mike Tyson and early days of fighting (17:10) - Jiu jitsu (23:14) - Origin of UFC (37:25) - Joe Rogan (43:31) - Lorenzo Fertitta (45:58) - Great fighters (49:55) - Khabib vs Conor (53:01) - Jon Jones (56:03) - Conor McGregor (1:01:05) - Trump (1:06:44) - Elon vs Zuck (1:08:04) - Mike Tyson vs Jake Paul (1:10:52) - Forrest Griffin vs Stephan Bonnar (1:18:06) - Gambling (1:33:08) - Mortality

    #420 – Annie Jacobsen: Nuclear War, CIA, KGB, Aliens, Area 51, Roswell & Secrecy

    #420 – Annie Jacobsen: Nuclear War, CIA, KGB, Aliens, Area 51, Roswell & Secrecy
    Annie Jacobsen is an investigative journalist and author of "Nuclear War: A Scenario" and many other books on war, weapons, government secrecy, and national security. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - HiddenLayer: https://hiddenlayer.com/lex - BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off - Policygenius: https://policygenius.com/lex - NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/annie-jacobsen-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Nuclear War: A Scenario (book): https://amzn.to/3THZHfr Annie's Twitter: https://twitter.com/anniejacobsen Annie's Website: https://anniejacobsen.com/ Annie's Books: https://amzn.to/3TGWyMJ Annie's Books (audio): https://adbl.co/49ZnI7c PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (07:37) - Nuclear war (12:21) - Launch procedure (18:00) - Deterrence (21:34) - Tactical nukes (30:59) - Nuclear submarines (33:59) - Nuclear missiles (41:10) - Nuclear football (50:17) - Missile interceptor system (54:34) - North Korea (1:01:10) - Nuclear war scenarios (1:10:02) - Warmongers (1:14:31) - President's cognitive ability (1:20:43) - Refusing orders (1:28:41) - Russia and Putin (1:33:48) - Cyberattack (1:35:09) - Ground zero of nuclear war (1:39:48) - Surviving nuclear war (1:44:06) - Nuclear winter (1:54:29) - Alien civilizations (2:00:04) - Extrasensory perception (2:13:50) - Area 51 (2:17:48) - UFOs and aliens (2:28:15) - Roswell incident (2:34:55) - CIA assassinations (2:53:47) - Navalny (2:56:12) - KGB (3:02:48) - Hitler and the atomic bomb (3:06:52) - War and human nature (3:10:17) - Hope