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    #388 – Robert F. Kennedy Jr: CIA, Power, Corruption, War, Freedom, and Meaning

    enJuly 06, 2023

    Podcast Summary

    • America's Path: Democracy, Wisdom, and FreedomThe values of democracy, wisdom, and freedom have shaped America's historical significance and serve as an example for other nations to follow. It is the essence of freedom that keeps America thriving.

      America, as an exemplary nation, was built upon the values of democracy, wisdom, and freedom. Robert F. Kennedy Jr. expresses his pride and love for the country, emphasizing its historical significance in shaping the global landscape. From the early days, where America became the first democratic nation, to the present day with numerous democracies modeled after it, the American experience has been an example for others to follow. The belief in democracy stems from the idea that collective wisdom, reflecting God's will, can guide the nation's path. Additionally, both Kennedy and Lex Fridman recognize the importance of freedom, as it is the essence that keeps America alive and thriving.

    • The importance of safeguarding freedoms and finding meaning in a chaotic worldIt is crucial to actively protect the freedoms granted by previous generations and find purpose in life by embracing duties and being of service to others. Beware of demagogues who can manipulate minds.

      Freedom is not synonymous with chaos or anarchy. It requires restraint and self-restraint in order to fulfill the creative energies of individuals. The conversation highlights the importance of actively safeguarding and protecting the freedoms granted by previous generations. It emphasizes the need for each generation to recognize and confront the forces within society that seek to chip away at these freedoms. Furthermore, the conversation delves into the concept of finding meaning and purpose in life despite its absurdity. By embracing our duties and being of service to others, we can bring order and meaning to the chaotic universe. The discussion also touches on the dangers of demagoguery and the ability of powerful leaders to captivate and manipulate minds.

    • Safeguarding Democracy and Institutions: Self-Restraint, Fragility, and the Power of CuriosityThe strength of democracy lies in self-restraint and designing institutions that maintain order while allowing us to flourish. It is crucial to acknowledge the fragility of democracy and the potential for totalitarianism, as well as our capacity for self-deception. Curiosity can play a key role in understanding our adversaries and fostering peaceful resolutions.

      Our democracy and institutions are crucial in safeguarding us from descending into barbarity. Robert Kennedy emphasizes the importance of self-restraint and the design of institutions that allow us to flourish while maintaining order. He poses a challenging question about whether we would hide someone at risk of our own lives or turn them in, highlighting the fragility of democracy and the potential for totalitarianism. The conversation also touches on human nature and our capacity to deceive ourselves, acknowledging that most of us would likely prioritize our own well-being even in the face of atrocities. Additionally, curiosity is seen as a valuable quality that can help us understand and empathize with our adversaries, leading to better decision-making and the potential for peaceful resolutions.

    • The Importance of Moral Courage and Empathy in Conflict Resolution and Understanding PerspectivesMoral courage and empathy are crucial in conflict resolution, understanding different perspectives, and avoiding unnecessary violence. Diplomacy, friendship, and treating former adversaries with respect are essential for peaceful relations.

      Moral courage and empathy are crucial in resolving conflicts and understanding different perspectives. Robert Kennedy emphasized the importance of moral courage in acting upon empathy, especially during times of war when it is often neglected. He argued that it is essential to consider the other person's point of view and avoid provoking unnecessary violence. The conversation further touched upon the history of Russia's invasion of Ukraine, highlighting the role of NATO's expansion and the deployment of missile systems near Russian borders. It is suggested that these actions have provoked a violent response from Russia, emphasizing the significance of diplomacy, friendship, and treating former adversaries with respect.

    • The Complex History and Geopolitical Context of the Conflict in UkraineUnderstanding the historical context and pursuing peaceful dialogue is crucial in addressing the conflict in Ukraine and promoting peace in Europe.

      There is a complex history and geopolitical context surrounding the conflict in Ukraine. It is important to understand the historical perspective and the suffering endured by the Russian people during World War II. The conversation highlights that there have been missed opportunities for peaceful negotiations and dialogue between the United States and Russia. It is suggested that the conflict in Ukraine is a proxy war driven by geopolitical ambitions, rather than a purely humanitarian mission. The conversation also raises questions about the leadership and intentions of Vladimir Putin, but emphasizes that it is not the role of the United States to change the Russian government. Instead, the focus should be on engaging in meaningful dialogue and pursuing peace in Europe.

    • The Importance of Building Positive Relationships with RussiaRather than engaging in regime change or military operations, the US should focus on empathy, reducing hostility, and establishing friendships with Russia to prevent disastrous consequences and promote peace.

      It is not America's role to engage in regime change in Russia. With Russia possessing more nuclear weapons than the US, it would be irresponsible and could potentially lead to disastrous consequences for the entire planet. Rather, the focus should be on establishing positive relationships and friendship with Russia and its people. It is crucial for US leaders to empathize with the leaders of both nations, understanding their history, concerns, and hopes. By gradually reducing hostility and aggression while taking baby steps towards a positive relationship, the US can play an important role in reassuring Russia that they are not considered an enemy. The war in Ukraine should be settled through negotiation, diplomacy, and statecraft, not through military operations, as the Ukrainians are outnumbered and Europe does not have the appetite to send men to die in Ukraine.

    • The dire situation in Ukraine and the challenges they face against Russia.Ukraine's military struggles to fill the gaps left by casualties while Russia shows unwavering commitment to fight for their motherland, gaining support from China, creating a hopeless situation with looming nuclear war concerns.

      The situation in Ukraine is dire and the chances of winning against Russia seem unlikely. The Ukrainian troops, who are filling in the gaps left by the large number of casualties, are poorly trained and many do not want to be there, leading to defections to the Russian side. The Russians have shown an inexhaustible willingness to fight and make sacrifices for their motherland. Additionally, Russia has not yet fully deployed its military and now has China's support as well. It is a hopeless situation and the press and government are promoting false narratives about Ukraine's success and Putin's weakness. There is a real concern about the possibility of nuclear war if the Russians feel threatened.

    • Robert Kennedy's firsthand account of the Cuban Missile Crisis exposes the terrifying reality of nuclear war and the personal impact it had on his life.The Cuban Missile Crisis was a pivotal moment in history, highlighting the importance of diplomacy in avoiding nuclear conflict and the haunting consequences of preparing for war.

      The Cuban Missile Crisis was an incredibly tense and dangerous time, bringing the world to the brink of nuclear war. Robert Kennedy, who experienced this crisis firsthand, recalls the fear and uncertainty that gripped the nation. He reveals the disturbing truth that some military officials saw a nuclear exchange with Russia as not only inevitable, but desirable. The crisis also had a deep impact on Kennedy's personal life, as he and his brother were prepared to be taken to an underground bunker for their safety. He shares his father's regret over participating in the bomb shelter program, viewing it as a psychological ploy to normalize and accept nuclear war. Ultimately, diplomacy prevailed as a secret settlement was reached, leading to the removal of missiles from Cuba and Turkey.

    • The Cuban Missile Crisis: Leaders' Decisions and their Impact on HistoryPresident Kennedy's leadership and ability to resist bureaucratic pressures, combined with the understanding of the devastating consequences of their actions by both Kennedy and Khrushchev, led to a peaceful resolution and prevented a potential nuclear catastrophe.

      Human decisions, particularly those of leaders, have a significant impact on historical events. In the case of the Cuban Missile Crisis, the world's fate hinged on the decisions made by President Kennedy and Soviet Premier Khrushchev. Kennedy's leadership and ability to push back on bureaucratic pressures played a crucial role in preventing a potential nuclear confrontation. Additionally, the revelation that the nuclear warheads were already in place and that the authority to fire was delegated to individual commanders highlights the extreme danger and potential for catastrophe. Both Kennedy and Khrushchev, having experienced the horrors of war firsthand, understood the devastating consequences of their actions, leading them to seek a peaceful resolution and ultimately saving the world from disaster.

    • The Shared Goal of Avoiding War and the Lack of Insight into Khrushchev's Intentions - A Story of Missed Opportunities for Peace during the Cold War.Despite the common objective of avoiding war, miscommunication and lack of insight into each other's intentions led to missed opportunities for peace between the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War.

      Both Khrushchev and Robert Kennedy shared a common goal of avoiding war, despite the perception that the Soviet Union was solely driven by ambitions of world conquest. The CIA's lack of knowledge about Khrushchev's intentions was due to a mole within their organization, causing a lack of insight into the Kremlin's inner workings. Robert Kennedy's uncle, President John F. Kennedy, strongly believed in the importance of keeping the country out of war. He even sought peaceful interactions with Khrushchev through a summit in Geneva. However, Eisenhower's attempts to achieve peace were thwarted by the CIA's actions, leading to tense relations between the United States and the Soviet Union. Ultimately, this conversation highlights the potential for miscommunication and missed opportunities for peace during the Cold War.

    • The urgent need for cooperation and regulation in addressing existential threats facing humanity.Leaders must prioritize direct communication and collaboration between nations and tech companies, shift focus from military to economic competition, and take immediate action to prevent catastrophic outcomes.

      There are significant existential threats facing humanity, such as the unregulated development of AI and biological weapons. To address these threats, it is crucial for leaders to prioritize cooperation and regulation. The conversation highlights the need for direct communication and collaboration between nations, as well as between tech companies and government officials. Transparency and honesty are emphasized, as unintentional consequences of AI and bio weapons can be just as dangerous as intentional ones. The focus should shift from military competition to economic competition, fostering a safer environment for all of humanity. The urgency of the situation demands immediate action to prevent catastrophic outcomes.

    • Building Trust and Ensuring Accountability in Technology RegulationOpen and honest communication, trust, and transparency are crucial in regulating advanced technologies and addressing concerns of misuse and potential threats, while involving the tech community in shaping regulations.

      There is a need for honest communication between technology companies and government regarding regulation. Both parties should not be afraid of each other's intentions and must work towards building trust. There is a concern that advanced technologies like artificial intelligence can be misused and have negative consequences if not regulated properly. It is essential to involve the tech community in shaping regulations to ensure freedom to innovate while avoiding potential threats to humanity. Additionally, the conversation touches on the involvement of the CIA in historical events, such as the assassination of John F. Kennedy. This raises questions about the extent of corruption within the institution and the need for transparency and accountability.

    • Corruption and Power: Unveiling the Dark Side of the CIAThe CIA's history of corruption, expanded powers, and manipulation of information pose a threat to democracy and raise concerns about its influence on national and international affairs.

      The CIA, while performing important work for the country, has a corrupt institutional structure. This corruption can be attributed to the higher ranks of the agency, with significant evidence provided by Mike Pompeo, the former director of the CIA and Secretary of State. The conversation highlights the history of the CIA, originally created as an espionage agency for information gathering but later expanded to include dirty tricks and covert operations. Over time, the CIA has gained immense power and influence, with its own budget and even ownership of tech companies. It has also been involved in propagandizing Americans and influencing news coverage through its connections with the press. These revelations raise concerns about the agency's impact on democracy and the potential manipulation of information.

    • The decline of journalistic integrity and the suppression of dissenting voices by media organizations during the pandemicThe media's failure to uphold their role as truth-tellers and the suppression of dissenting voices undermines trust and leads to an alarming concentration of power in deciding what is true or not.

      The field of journalism has failed to maintain its integrity and tradition in recent years. Instead of speaking truth to power and questioning those in authority, many major press organizations have become propaganda organs for government agencies. They have abandoned their role as guardians of the First Amendment right to free expression. This shift was evident during the pandemic, where the media broadcasted government propaganda and censored any dissenting voices. The Trusted News Initiative, involving media outlets and social media giants, aimed to suppress any news or facts that went against government orthodoxy. This undermines journalistic integrity and leads to a dangerous concentration of power in deciding what is true or not.

    • Protecting Democracy, Environment, and Human Dignity: Robert Kennedy's Vision for a Better SocietyRobert Kennedy calls for safeguarding democracy, protecting the environment, supporting vulnerable communities, prioritizing peace and justice, and promoting the well-being of the poor over anti-communism.

      Robert Kennedy believes that the manipulation of the public and collusion with powerful entities can lead to the erosion of democracy and the inversion of journalism's role. He highlights the importance of protecting the environment and the commons, such as air, water, wildlife, and fisheries. Additionally, he emphasizes the need to protect the most vulnerable people in society, restore the middle class, safeguard labor dignity, and ensure decent pay for workers. Kennedy further emphasizes the value of peace, the refusal to govern by fear, and the freedom of government from corrupt corporate influence. Moreover, he advocates for a foreign policy that restores America's moral authority and promotes peace. He also stresses the significance of supporting the poor and promoting their well-being, rather than prioritizing anti-communism.

    • The Unintended Consequences of American Foreign Policy and the Need for a New ApproachThe US should shift its priorities towards building alliances, investing in infrastructure, and addressing domestic issues to avoid negative outcomes of conflicts and prioritize its own well-being.

      American foreign policy and priorities have had unintended consequences. While John Kennedy was praised for putting America on the side of the poor, recent decisions and actions have resulted in negative outcomes. The United States has spent trillions on wars and destabilization, only to see the world become more unsafe and poor. Meanwhile, China has focused on economic development and building positive relationships, which has allowed them to outcompete the US on the world stage. The conversation highlights the need for a shift in priorities, where the US focuses on building alliances, investing in infrastructure, and addressing domestic issues, rather than getting caught up in conflicts and divisions that lead to more harm than good.

    • Robert Kennedy's Critique of Fauci and the Pharmaceutical Industry: Need for Regulation and AccountabilityTransparency, honesty, and ethical practices are crucial in healthcare and scientific policymaking. Stricter regulations and penalties are necessary to address systemic issues within the pharmaceutical industry.

      Robert Kennedy is critical of Anthony Fauci and the pharmaceutical industry, while expressing the need for regulation and accountability. Kennedy believes that Fauci's perceived harm outweighs any positive impact he may have had during the COVID-19 pandemic. He also highlights the corrupt practices of pharmaceutical companies, citing numerous cases of fraud and deceit. Kennedy asserts that these companies repeatedly engage in criminal behavior without facing significant consequences. He argues for stricter regulations and the imposition of penalties to address the systemic issues within the pharmaceutical industry. Overall, the conversation emphasizes the importance of transparency, honesty, and ethical practices in healthcare and scientific policymaking.

    • The Corruption of Profit: How the Pharmaceutical Industry's Pursuit of Financial Gain Has Harmed Public HealthA strong regulatory framework that prioritizes social purpose over profit is crucial in preventing the exploitation of medications and ensuring the well-being of individuals.

      The pharmaceutical industry's pursuit of profit has led to corruption within regulatory systems, resulting in harmful consequences for public health. Robert Kennedy highlights how certain companies knowingly perpetuated the opioid epidemic, exploiting the addictive nature of medications like oxycodone for financial gain. He emphasizes the need for a solid regulatory framework that prioritizes social purpose over profit, ensuring drugs are thoroughly tested and approved without industry interference. Kennedy also reveals the extent of financial entanglements between the FDA and pharmaceutical companies, pointing out the potential compromise of integrity in the scientific community. This conversation underscores the importance of maintaining unbiased regulatory systems and holding corporations accountable for the well-being of individuals.

    • Safety and Effectiveness Concerns Surrounding Certain VaccinesThe financial interests of vaccine developers and distributors can influence regulatory agencies, leading to potential safety issues. Examples include the carcinogenic material in the polio vaccine and injuries caused by the DTP vaccine. Ensuring vaccines are safe and effective is crucial.

      There are issues surrounding the safety and effectiveness of certain vaccines. Robert Kennedy points out that the regulatory function of agencies like NIH can be influenced by the financial interests of those involved in the development and distribution of vaccines. He mentions the case of the polio vaccine containing a carcinogenic material, which resulted in an increase in soft tissue cancers. Furthermore, the DTP vaccine caused numerous injuries, leading to its discontinuation in some countries. However, it is still administered to millions of African children without solid evidence of its effectiveness. This raises concerns about the safety and potential harm caused by certain vaccines, highlighting the importance of ensuring vaccines are both safe and effective.

    • Lack of Placebo-Controlled Safety Trials for Mandated Vaccines Raises Concerns about Testing and TransparencyWhile vaccines protect against specific illnesses, the absence of placebo-controlled safety trials for mandated vaccines raises questions about the thoroughness of testing and the transparent dissemination of information.

      There is a lack of placebo-controlled safety trials for the 72 vaccines mandated for children. While vaccines provide protection against specific illnesses, there is a concern that they may also compromise the immune systems of children, leaving them vulnerable to other infections. Robert Kennedy suggests that statistically, getting vaccinated may increase the risk of death in the following months compared to not receiving the vaccine. He argues that placebo-controlled trials are essential for any medical intervention, but vaccines seem to be the exception. Kennedy claims that even after suing the US HHS, they were unable to find any pre-licensing safety trials for these vaccines. This raises questions about the thoroughness of testing and the transparent dissemination of information.

    • The Importance of Evidence-Based Information, Acknowledging Mistakes, and Maintaining a Healthy LifestyleRobert Kennedy emphasizes the need for scientific evidence, admitting errors, and prioritizing one's physical and mental well-being for a fact-based and healthy life.

      Robert Kennedy emphasizes the importance of citing scientific studies and being fact-based. He mentions instances where he debated with others and provided evidence while the opposing side failed to present science-backed research. He acknowledges that mistakes can be made, but his organization is committed to acknowledging and correcting them promptly. Kennedy also discusses his exercise routine, which includes intermittent fasting, hiking, and gym workouts. He believes in maintaining a healthy lifestyle and prioritizes physical and mental well-being. Overall, the key takeaway is that Kennedy advocates for evidence-based information, acknowledges mistakes, and emphasizes the importance of maintaining a healthy body and mind.

    • A Disciplined Approach to Health, Exercise, and Spiritual GrowthRobert Kennedy emphasizes the importance of discipline in health and exercise, as well as the need for spiritual realignment and drawing inspiration from those who have overcome addiction.

      Robert Kennedy has a disciplined approach to his health and exercise routine, aiming for failure at 12 reps and using strip sets. He also emphasizes the importance of vitamins and nutrients in his regimen, along with a doctor-prescribed anti-aging protocol that includes testosterone replacement. When asked about hormone therapy, Kennedy admits that he's not an expert on the topic but acknowledges the positive experiences some people have had. Switching gears to the topic of God, Kennedy shares his understanding that God is incomprehensible and beyond human understanding. He reflects on his religious upbringing and the impact of addiction on his relationship with God. Ultimately, he seeks a realignment of his spiritual self and draws inspiration from those throughout history who have overcome their addictions and lived a drug-free life.

    • The Impact of Believing in Something Higher on Recovery and Personal Growth.Believing in a higher power, even without empirical proof, can lead to faster and more enduring recovery, moral decision-making, and personal growth.

      Belief in something higher or divine can have a profound impact on one's recovery and personal growth. Robert Kennedy discusses how he turned to spirituality and the writings of Carl Young to find a deeper purpose and meaning in his life. Young's concept of synchronicity, where coincidences have a deeper significance, resonated with Kennedy. While Young couldn't empirically prove the existence of a higher power, he observed that those who believed in God experienced faster and more enduring recovery. This realization prompted Kennedy to start believing in a higher power, even if he couldn't perceive it with his senses. He adopted the mindset of acting as if God was watching him, leading to moral decision-making and personal growth.

    • Surrendering to God's will and making conscious choices for the greater good lead to personal transformation and fulfillment.By surrendering our self-will and serving a higher power, we can experience personal growth, overcome addiction, and find peace and purpose in our lives.

      Maintaining a posture of surrender and serving God's will leads to personal transformation and fulfillment. Robert Kennedy emphasizes the importance of making conscious choices in everyday actions, such as putting the shopping cart back or filling the ice tray, as a way to surrender one's self-will and stay open to a higher power. By resisting the temptation to use personal power for self-gratification and instead using it for the good of the community, individuals can experience the power of God working through them. This surrendering posture not only brings a sense of peace and purpose but also enables individuals to overcome addiction and achieve personal growth. It demonstrates the significance of adding a moral dimension to all actions and constantly striving to do the right thing.

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    Paul Rosolie is a naturalist, explorer, author, and founder of Junglekeepers, dedicating his life to protecting the Amazon rainforest. Support his efforts at https://junglekeepers.org Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - ShipStation: https://shipstation.com/lex and use code LEX to get 60-day free trial - Yahoo Finance: https://yahoofinance.com - BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off - NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour - Eight Sleep: https://eightsleep.com/lex to get $350 off - Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get $1 per month trial Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/paul-rosolie-2-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Paul's Instagram: https://instagram.com/paulrosolie Junglekeepers: https://junglekeepers.org Paul's Website: https://paulrosolie.com Mother of God (book): https://amzn.to/3ww2ob1 PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (12:29) - Amazon jungle (14:47) - Bushmaster snakes (26:13) - Black caiman (44:33) - Rhinos (47:47) - Anacondas (1:18:04) - Mammals (1:30:10) - Piranhas (1:41:00) - Aliens (1:58:45) - Elephants (2:10:02) - Origin of life (2:23:21) - Explorers (2:36:38) - Ayahuasca (2:45:03) - Deep jungle expedition (2:59:09) - Jane Goodall (3:01:41) - Theodore Roosevelt (3:12:36) - Alone show (3:22:23) - Protecting the rainforest (3:38:36) - Snake makes appearance (3:46:47) - Uncontacted tribes (4:00:11) - Mortality (4:01:39) - Steve Irwin (4:09:18) - God
    Lex Fridman Podcast
    enMay 15, 2024

    #428 – Sean Carroll: General Relativity, Quantum Mechanics, Black Holes & Aliens

    #428 – Sean Carroll: General Relativity, Quantum Mechanics, Black Holes & Aliens
    Sean Carroll is a theoretical physicist, author, and host of Mindscape podcast. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - HiddenLayer: https://hiddenlayer.com/lex - Cloaked: https://cloaked.com/lex and use code LexPod to get 25% off - Notion: https://notion.com/lex - Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get $1 per month trial - NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/sean-carroll-3-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Sean's Website: https://preposterousuniverse.com Mindscape Podcast: https://www.preposterousuniverse.com/podcast/ Sean's YouTube: https://youtube.com/@seancarroll Sean's Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/seanmcarroll Sean's Twitter: https://twitter.com/seanmcarroll Sean's Instagram: https://instagram.com/seanmcarroll Sean's Papers: https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=Lfifrv8AAAAJ Sean's Books: https://amzn.to/3W7yT9N PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (11:03) - General relativity (23:22) - Black holes (28:11) - Hawking radiation (32:19) - Aliens (41:15) - Holographic principle (1:05:38) - Dark energy (1:11:38) - Dark matter (1:20:34) - Quantum mechanics (1:41:56) - Simulation (1:44:18) - AGI (1:58:42) - Complexity (2:11:25) - Consciousness (2:20:32) - Naturalism (2:24:49) - Limits of science (2:29:34) - Mindscape podcast (2:39:29) - Einstein

    #427 – Neil Adams: Judo, Olympics, Winning, Losing, and the Champion Mindset

    #427 – Neil Adams: Judo, Olympics, Winning, Losing, and the Champion Mindset
    Neil Adams is a judo world champion, 2-time Olympic silver medalist, 5-time European champion, and often referred to as the Voice of Judo. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - ZipRecruiter: https://ziprecruiter.com/lex - Eight Sleep: https://eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings - MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lexpod to get 15% off - LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack - NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/neil-adams-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Neil's Instagram: https://instagram.com/naefighting Neil's YouTube: https://youtube.com/NAEffectiveFighting Neil's TikTok: https://tiktok.com/@neiladamsmbe Neil's Facebook: https://facebook.com/NeilAdamsJudo Neil's X: https://x.com/NeilAdamsJudo Neil's Website: https://naeffectivefighting.com Neil's Podcast: https://naeffectivefighting.com/podcasts/the-dojo-collective-podcast A Life in Judo (book): https://amzn.to/4d3DtfB A Game of Throws (audiobook): https://amzn.to/4aA2WeJ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (09:13) - 1980 Olympics (26:35) - Judo explained (34:40) - Winning (52:54) - 1984 Olympics (1:01:55) - Lessons from losing (1:17:37) - Teddy Riner (1:37:12) - Training in Japan (1:52:51) - Jiu jitsu (2:03:59) - Training (2:27:18) - Advice for beginners

    #426 – Edward Gibson: Human Language, Psycholinguistics, Syntax, Grammar & LLMs

    #426 – Edward Gibson: Human Language, Psycholinguistics, Syntax, Grammar & LLMs
    Edward Gibson is a psycholinguistics professor at MIT and heads the MIT Language Lab. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - Yahoo Finance: https://yahoofinance.com - Listening: https://listening.com/lex and use code LEX to get one month free - Policygenius: https://policygenius.com/lex - Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get $1 per month trial - Eight Sleep: https://eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/edward-gibson-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Edward's X: https://x.com/LanguageMIT TedLab: https://tedlab.mit.edu/ Edward's Google Scholar: https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=4FsWE64AAAAJ TedLab's YouTube: https://youtube.com/@Tedlab-MIT PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (10:53) - Human language (14:59) - Generalizations in language (20:46) - Dependency grammar (30:45) - Morphology (39:20) - Evolution of languages (42:40) - Noam Chomsky (1:26:46) - Thinking and language (1:40:16) - LLMs (1:53:14) - Center embedding (2:19:42) - Learning a new language (2:23:34) - Nature vs nurture (2:30:10) - Culture and language (2:44:38) - Universal language (2:49:01) - Language translation (2:52:16) - Animal communication

    #425 – Andrew Callaghan: Channel 5, Gonzo, QAnon, O-Block, Politics & Alex Jones

    #425 – Andrew Callaghan: Channel 5, Gonzo, QAnon, O-Block, Politics & Alex Jones
    Andrew Callaghan is the host of Channel 5 on YouTube, where he does street interviews with fascinating humans at the edges of society, the so-called vagrants, vagabonds, runaways, outlaws, from QAnon adherents to Phish heads to O Block residents and much more. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - ShipStation: https://shipstation.com/lex and use code LEX to get 60-day free trial - BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off - LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack - MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lexpod to get 15% off - AG1: https://drinkag1.com/lex to get 1 month supply of fish oil Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/andrew-callaghan-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Channel 5 with Andrew Callaghan: https://www.youtube.com/channel5YouTube Andrew's Instagram: https://instagram.com/andreww.me Andrew's Website: https://andrew-callaghan.com/ Andrew's Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/channel5 This Place Rules: https://www.hbo.com/movies/this-place-rules Books Mentioned: On the Road: https://amzn.to/4aLPLHi Siddhartha: https://amzn.to/49rthKz PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (08:53) - Walmart (10:24) - Early life (29:14) - Hitchhiking (40:49) - Couch surfing (49:50) - Quarter Confessions (1:07:33) - Burning Man (1:22:44) - Protests (1:28:17) - Jon Stewart (1:31:13) - Fame (1:44:31) - Jan 6 (1:48:15) - QAnon (1:54:00) - Alex Jones (2:10:52) - Politics (2:20:29) - Response to allegations (2:37:28) - Channel 5 (2:43:04) - Rap (2:44:51) - O Block (2:48:47) - Crip Mac (2:51:59) - Aliens

    #424 – Bassem Youssef: Israel-Palestine, Gaza, Hamas, Middle East, Satire & Fame

    #424 – Bassem Youssef: Israel-Palestine, Gaza, Hamas, Middle East, Satire & Fame
    Bassem Youssef is an Egyptian-American comedian & satirist, referred to as the Jon Stewart of the Arab World. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - AG1: https://drinkag1.com/lex to get 1 month supply of fish oil - Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get $1 per month trial - Eight Sleep: https://eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings - LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/bassem-youssef-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Bassem's X: https://x.com/Byoussef Bassem's Instagram: https://instagram.com/bassem Bassem's Facebook: https://facebook.com/bassemyousseftv Bassem's Website: https://bassemyoussef.xyz PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (06:30) - Oct 7 (36:59) - Two-state solution (52:37) - Holocaust (1:00:24) - 1948 (1:09:17) - Egypt (1:23:39) - Jon Stewart (1:25:51) - Going viral during the Arab Spring (1:49:55) - Arabic vs English (2:02:18) - Sam Harris and Jihad (2:07:25) - Religion (2:26:37) - TikTok (2:31:10) - Joe Rogan (2:33:07) - Joe Biden (2:37:33) - Putin (2:39:21) - War (2:44:17) - Hope

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