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    #339 – Climate Change Debate: Bjørn Lomborg and Andrew Revkin

    We must use our collective intelligence to ensure a positive impact on Earth and balance our technical advancements with ethical considerations to protect our home and ensure its flourishing.

    enNovember 18, 2022

    About this Episode

    Bjørn Lomborg is author of "False Alarm". Andrew Revkin is a climate journalist (21 years at NY Times). Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings - Linode: https://linode.com/lex to get $100 free credit - InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off - Onnit: https://lexfridman.com/onnit to get up to 10% off EPISODE LINKS: Andrew's Twitter: https://twitter.com/Revkin Andrew's Substack: https://revkin.substack.com Andrew's Linktree: https://linktr.ee/revkin Bjørn's Twitter: https://twitter.com/BjornLomborg Bjørn's Website: https://lomborg.com Andrew's Books: The Human Planet: https://amzn.to/3MRuLUY The Burning Season: https://amzn.to/3Dmr5Hq Bjørn's Books: False Alarm: https://amzn.to/3Sqt5D4 How to Spend $75 Billion to Make the World a Better Place: https://amzn.to/3gwoIJ7 PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (06:59) - Politics of climate change (24:01) - Greta Thunberg (30:31) - Electric cars (37:53) - Economy (45:30) - Journalism (59:32) - Human emissions (1:17:19) - Worst-case climate change scenario (1:37:40) - Hurricanes (1:56:29) - Climate change vs Global warming (2:00:35) - Climate alarmism (2:15:25) - Economic models (2:46:52) - Climate change policies (3:02:54) - Nuclear energy (3:09:30) - Alex Epstein (3:20:00) - Public opinion on climate change (3:41:57) - US presidents (3:52:35) - Advice for young people (4:06:10) - Meaning of life

    🔑 Key Takeaways

    • Through conversation, understanding can be found and with it, the opportunity to develop a new relationship with the climate system.
    • We must all take action to make the world a better place, focusing on designing better to prepare for the changing climate and looking for opportunities to make a difference.
    • We must make better decisions about how we interact with our environment if we want to reduce the amount of destruction caused by global warming.
    • Zoning, regulations and better housing rules are more efficient in preventing future harm from climate change than CO2 emissions, and social media can be used to educate ourselves and others on the necessary steps to take to ensure the safety of our planet.
    • Electric cars can be part of the climate change solution if used for short trips and combined with other effective strategies such as better zoning rules. It is important to remember that any effort to tackle climate change requires a combination of strategies.
    • Electric cars can be beneficial for reducing pollution, but it is important to consider the cost, resource implications, and potential for inequality when incentivizing their purchase.
    • Economists, climate scientists, and journalists each have strengths and blind spots, and it is important to consider all perspectives to make the best decisions for the planet.
    • We must be aware of the nuances of the situation, look at the consequences of our decisions, and be aware of potential pitfalls in order to make the right decisions and make the world a better place.
    • It is important to stay neutral and unbiased in order to create meaningful and impactful work. One must also be disciplined and rigorous in questioning the narrative in order to gain a bigger perspective.
    • It is important to recognize the importance of reducing carbon emissions, but also to be aware of the limitations of this solution and the psychological effects of being a dissenting voice. We must also consider the long-term effects of our actions on the environment.
    • We must use our collective intelligence to ensure a positive impact on Earth and balance our technical advancements with ethical considerations to protect our home and ensure its flourishing.
    • Everyone can play a role in making a difference in mitigating climate change, whether it's cutting carbon emissions or being mindful of where things come from and where they might go.
    • Technology has made it easier for people to connect and collaborate, but resilience is also essential for preparing for difficult times. It is inspiring to see how organizations are evolving to include satellite launches for the betterment of the environment.
    • Utilize technology to cross reference data and inform decisions in order to create solutions to the worst effects of climate change, and be prepared to respond to potential risks to prevent extinction.
    • Human beings are an inventive species, and when faced with a challenge, are able to come up with creative solutions to mitigate the effects.
    • Education and learning are essential to make a difference in the face of climate change, with farmers being heroes when it comes to adapting to changing weather patterns. Further research is necessary to better understand the dynamics of sea level rise and ice sheet erosion.
    • We must recognize the unique needs of the poor in order to effectively manage the effects of climate change and look to cities like Jakarta and Tokyo to learn how they are handling their own issues.
    • Scientists use paleotempstology to look for evidence of past hurricanes and the layers of sediment found can tell us a lot about the strength of the storms, which in turn can help us prepare for future storms. Human suffering from storms depends on where and how people build, as well as the frequency and intensity of storms.
    • Global warming is thought to result in fewer storms in the future, but it is still important to be aware of the risks associated with storms and to take steps to reduce vulnerability.
    • By being smart about our behavior and where we build, we can make a big impact on the outcome of climate change.
    • Climate change is a real concern that needs to be addressed and we can reduce risk by being conscious of our environmental impact, avoiding high-risk areas, and being realistic about the potential consequences of our actions.
    • The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) provides the most comprehensive and reliable picture of climate science and it is important to take the time to understand the information they provide to make informed decisions about how to address climate change.
    • We must reduce our emissions and provide aid to vulnerable countries in order to help mitigate the effects of climate change.
    • While making positive changes to humanity is a noble cause, it is important to consider the costs and benefits of any investments to get the maximum benefit to humanity.
    • Taking the average of all economic models is often the best way to make an informed decision about energy usage. It is important to consider all perspectives and be transparent about the sources of estimates and models.
    • Transparency, connectivity, and access to information are essential for trust and cooperation to exist, and must be a priority when striving for a world with trustworthy institutions.
    • Look for research conducted by experts in the field, seek cost-effective solutions with the greatest benefit for the world, and consider the moral implications of any decision made.
    • Investing a couple billion dollars in tackling TB and Malaria, as well as implementing e-procurement systems, could reduce global mortality and lead to better outcomes.
    • Spending $100 per child for two years can yield up to $4,500 worth of productivity from the child in the future and investing in better education systems can help reduce corruption and help children become successful adults.
    • We need to focus on the easy and effective solutions that are available to help people in vulnerable situations, such as providing access to clean energy, creating digital currencies, and investing in education. These efforts can have a cumulative effect that can help us combat even the most difficult climate change challenges.
    • Governments should prioritize investing in fourth generation nuclear power plants as it can reduce climate damage by up to 11 times the initial investment, providing a great return on investment in the long-run.
    • Governments should invest heavily in research and development of energy solutions and provide incentives for companies to create efficient and cost-effective solutions to promote a future of clean and renewable energy.
    • Household and village level initiatives have the potential to make a real difference in tackling global problems such as climate change. New technologies, combined with incentives such as cheaper energy prices, can encourage widespread adoption which can lead to large-scale impact.
    • Nuclear energy is becoming an increasingly viable and clean energy source that is cost-effective and produces no CO2 emissions. We must continue to embrace existing nuclear power plants and develop new ones in order to reduce emissions and provide cheap, clean energy.
    • We need to move towards a balanced approach to energy sources that both takes advantage of our current resources and pushes us towards a sustainable future.
    • Despite the efforts of the Biden administration, fossil fuels will still account for 70% of energy uses by 2050. We need to focus on innovation and rich countries must also increase reduction of emissions and pay for poorer countries to develop their fossil resources.
    • It is important to focus on creating meaningful conversations and policies that promote clean energy innovation to encourage people of all political affiliations to accept the truth of climate change.
    • Respect each other's opinions and work together to find solutions that everyone can live with is the foundation of good relationships and successful collaborations.
    • As a journalist, it's essential to be open-minded and listen to people's opinions, even if they are unethical, as it can lead to productive conversations that create understanding and bring solutions to the table that would have otherwise been overlooked.
    • It is essential to take the time to understand the whole story, rather than just focus on the differences, when it comes to journalism.
    • The impact of individual US presidents on climate change is small compared to long-term economic and energy trends.
    • Advances in technology, communication, and knowledge have enabled people to be better prepared and respond more effectively to natural disasters. Bangladesh is an example of such progress, having gone from hundreds of thousands of deaths in a cyclone to just 123.
    • Young people have the potential to make a huge positive impact on the world by developing new technologies, social innovations, and energy sources. Adaptability and media literacy are essential skills to cultivate in order to make the world a better place for future generations.
    • Communication is an essential skill that can make a real difference in the world, and the successful combination of urgency and patience is necessary for effective communication.
    • We have a responsibility to use our resources wisely and to help each other in times of need. We must also be mindful of our biological history and the impact of our actions on the planet and strive to make a positive difference.
    • Everyone has unique talents and interests that can be used to create something meaningful and help others. Combining science and wisdom can help us make an impact on the world.
    • Accept that life is full of complexities and be reminded to appreciate life with the help of music such as Andrew Revkin's song "A Very Fine Line".

    📝 Podcast Summary

    Understanding the Relationship Between the Energy and Climate Systems

    Climate change is an ongoing conversation with a spectrum of beliefs.The extremes range from believing it is a hoax, to believing it will cause human extinction.However, the center, or the ultimate truth, lies in understanding the relationship between the energy systems and climate systems, and the effects of invisible gases accumulating in the atmosphere.Through conversation, understanding can be found and with it, the opportunity to develop a new relationship with the climate system.This is a complex and ever-evolving conversation, which has taken decades of research and awareness to understand and appreciate.

    Taking Action to Protect Our Planet

    A group of people were building developments along river basins without considering the risks of flash floods.Global warming was a topic of debate, with some believing it was real and others not.Andrew Revkin realized that just debating the issue was a waste of time, and instead we should focus on taking action.He urged people to design better to prepare for the changing climate and chart an energy future.Bjørn Lomborg agreed, suggesting that people should not focus on the doom and gloom of global warming, instead they should look for opportunities to do something to help.Finally, Andrew Revkin pointed out that this could empower people, instead of paralyzing them.We must all take action to protect our planet and make the world a better place.

    Understanding Vulnerability and Human Impact on Climate Change

    People's decisions and the way the government works can have long-term effects on climate change.Most people agree that global warming is happening and it is caused by humans.Vulnerability is a big factor in the destruction caused by climate change, and it is caused by the decisions we make about where and how many people live.This is why it is often difficult to determine how much of a human disaster is driven by climate change.We must make better decisions about how we interact with our environment if we want to reduce the amount of destruction caused by global warming.

    Addressing Climate Change Thoughtfully

    Climate change is a complex matter and needs to be addressed thoughtfully.Scientists are researching how global warming may have impacted recent hurricanes, but the levers we have control over to prevent future harm are zoning, regulations and better housing rules.It is more efficient to focus on these levers than CO2 emissions.Though Greta Thunberg has done a service in sparking conversation around climate change, it is important to remember that there are other issues which require our attention.Social media can be a great tool for learning and discussing climate change but it is not appropriate to use it merely for entertainment.We should use it to educate ourselves and others on the necessary steps to take in order to ensure the safety of our planet.

    Combining Effective Strategies to Tackle Climate Change

    In order to tackle climate change, it is important to understand the pros and cons of different solutions.Electric cars are certainly a great option, but they are expensive and emit a lot of CO2 in their production.However, they can still be part of the climate change solution if they are used for short trips and combined with other effective strategies, such as better zoning rules.It is also important to remember that sometimes political debate can focus on solutions that seem easy, but are not as effective as others.Ultimately, it is important to remember that any effort to tackle climate change requires a combination of strategies.

    Maximizing the Benefits of Electric Cars

    Electric cars are an attractive option to reduce air pollution, but they are often much more expensive than the traditional gasoline vehicles.Bjørn Lomborg points out that electric cars are a good signal, but they are not necessarily the most cost-effective way to reduce emissions.Andrew Revkin suggests using hybrids and electric vehicles in combination to maximize the benefits: hybrids for convenience and electric vehicles for reduced pollution.Furthermore, he recommends considering the resources used to make electric cars and the potential for inequality when incentivizing their purchase.In conclusion, electric cars can be beneficial for reducing pollution, but it is important to consider the cost and resource implications.

    Considering All Perspectives to Make the Best Decisions for the Planet

    Economists and climate scientists approach the world differently.Economists focus on cost and benefit analysis while climate scientists focus on the science behind climate change.Journalists who write about climate often look at the bigger picture and how to make smart decisions.Each discipline has its own strengths and blind spots.It's important to consider all perspectives to make the best decisions for the planet, while understanding that perfection is impossible.

    Striking a Balance Between Reducing Carbon Emissions and Vulnerability

    We all want to make the world a better place but in order to do so there must be a balance between reducing our carbon emissions and reducing our vulnerability.Focusing on one without considering the other can lead to unintended consequences.We must also be aware of the nuances of the situation and look at the consequences of our decisions.As scientists, we can be easily swayed by attention and funding which can lead to groupthink and following the wrong path.To make the right decisions, we must look at all aspects of the problem and be aware of the potential pitfalls.

    Staying Neutral and Questioning the Narrative to See the Bigger Picture

    Andrew Revkin and Lex Fridman discussed the importance of being rigorous and stepping back to question the narrative in order to see the bigger picture.They talk about how challenging it is to stay neutral and think clearly when you are attacked from both sides.Andrew explains his privilege of being able to think freely and not worrying about the repercussions of his work due to his 35 year long career in journalism and the support of his family.They also talk about how Roger Pki Jr.was purposely derailed because his message did not fit with the narrative.This highlights the importance of staying neutral and unbiased in order to create meaningful and impactful work.

    Acknowledging the Difficulty of Challenging the Accepted Message on Reducing Carbon Emissions

    In this dialogue, the speakers discussed the importance of being realistic about reducing carbon emissions, as well as the difficulty in challenging the accepted message.They also discussed the tendency of people to attack those who dissent from the accepted message.It is important to understand that reducing carbon emissions is important, but it is also important to be aware of the limitations of this solution and the importance of considering other options.It is also important to understand that there are psychological effects to being a dissenting voice, and to be aware of the consequences of this.Finally, it is important to understand how humans are impacting the environment and the importance of considering the long-term effects of our actions.

    Exploring the Beauty and Complexity of Earth

    The beauty and complexity of Earth is awe-inspiring.From the depths of the oceans to the highest peaks, Earth holds many wonders that we are lucky to experience.From the bat colonies under a bridge to the Arctic Ocean and the Amazon rainforest, Andrew Revkin's travels provide a glimpse of the diversity and majesty of our planet.But with human growth comes changes to our environment, and it is up to us to use our collective intelligence to ensure that our impact on Earth is positive.We must balance our technical advancements with ethical considerations to protect our home and ensure its flourishing.

    Achieving Progress While Taking Responsibility

    Humans have made great progress over the last 200 years, improving life expectancy and reducing poverty.We have also built a complex 'machine' of collective intelligence where we can agree and disagree, trade, and represent our goals.However, this has come at a cost - our actions have caused climate change and the extinction of large animals.We must remember the progress we have made but also take responsibility for the damage we are doing.Everyone can play a role in making a difference, whether it's cutting carbon emissions or just being mindful of where things come from and where they might go.

    Poverty and Climate Change: Achieving Resilience with Technology

    The world is constantly changing and developing.In the past, the main concern of poor people was just to get through the next day.However, when you have the luxury of being rich, you can think about more important matters such as the environment and climate change.It is crucial to first get the world out of poverty, so that people can focus on the environment.Technology has made it easier for people to connect, even if they are on different sides of the world.And although this technology has its advantages, it can also be used for ill.It is important to remember that efficiency matters, but resilience is also important to have as a back-up.It is inspiring to see how organizations such as the Environmental Defense Fund have evolved over time to include satellite launches.

    Harnessing Technology to Address Climate Change

    Technology has allowed us to identify problems with climate change and address them in a much more efficient way than before.We have the ability to cross reference data and ground it for a more accurate picture of the situation.This data can then be used to inform our leadership and decisions, helping us create solutions to the worst effects of climate change.We can track the rate of sea levels rising and create seawalls and other protective measures to ensure that we are prepared for the worst case scenarios that may arise.We must also recognize the importance of understanding the potential risks and be prepared to respond in order to prevent the extinction of the human species.

    Rising Up to the Challenge: Humanity's Ingenuity in the Face of Global Adversity

    Though the pandemic of Covid-19 brought the world to its knees, the response of human civilization was not as effective as thought.But human beings are an inventive species, and have dealt with huge challenges in the past.A good example is the rising of Chicago in the 1850s, where 50,000 jacks were used to raise the buildings one or two feet.Similarly, the sea level rise would also be dealt with by human ingenuity and creativity.Though it might not be easy or cheap, it is unlikely that we will not be able to handle the challenge.

    Learning to Adapt and Manage Climate Change

    Climate change is a major issue facing the world today.Despite this, it is possible to make positive progress.As demonstrated in the conversation between Bjørn Lomborg, Lex Fridman, and Andrew Revkin, there are ways to address climate change through learning, understanding and adapting.For example, in terms of heatwaves, farmers are heroes when it comes to adapting and adjusting to changing weather patterns.Additionally, sea level rise and ice sheet erosion is complex and has a lot of unknowns, but with further research, we can better understand the dynamics and learn how to manage them.Ultimately, through education and learning we can make a difference in the face of climate change.

    Recognizing the Unique Needs of the Poor in Responding to Climate Change

    Climate change is a serious global issue impacting people all around the world, especially the poor and vulnerable.Even small changes in temperature can have a big impact on people's lives.For example, a study found that in poor households, air conditioners were used four to seven degrees higher than in prosperous households.This creates adverse outcomes for people with asthma, the elderly and other vulnerable groups.We must focus on helping the world's poor and recognize their unique needs in order to effectively manage the effects of climate change.Additionally, we should look to cities like Jakarta and Tokyo to learn how they are handling the issues they are experiencing.We must be proactive and not wait for the worst case scenario, but instead, use science to find the best solutions.

    Understanding Past Hurricanes to Prepare for Future Storms

    The recent hurricanes have caused a lot of destruction, but it is important to understand that past hurricanes can help us understand the current situation better.Scientists use paleotempstology to look for evidence of past hurricanes and the layers of sediment found can tell us a lot about the strength of the storms.The intensity of hurricanes may be linked to global warming, but this is still an area of research.Ultimately, human suffering from storms depends on where and how people build, as well as the frequency and intensity of storms.We need to be mindful that hurricanes are still rare, even if they may seem frequent.

    Understanding the Link Between Air Pollution and Storms

    This story is about how global warming affects the frequency and intensity of storms.Climate scientists have found a link between air pollution in Europe and the decrease in hurricanes in the Atlantic basin from the 70s to the 90s.The dust and sand from the Sahara desert had a stifling effect on storms forming in the region, and when the air pollution in Europe was reduced due to the Clean Air Act, the hurricane drought ended.While global warming is thought to result in fewer storms in the future, it is still important to be aware of the risks associated with these storms and to take steps to reduce vulnerability.Risk can be reduced by understanding the hazards and taking steps to minimize exposure.So, it is important to be aware of the risks and to prepare for potential storms.

    Becoming Resilient to Hurricanes: Taking Smart Action for Climate Change

    The weather is a complex and fascinating system to study.While we may hear a lot about the number of hurricanes, it's important to remember that just because we hear more, doesn't mean there are necessarily more.In fact, last year had the lowest number of hurricanes since 1980.Climate change may mean that hurricanes become slightly stronger, but this is outweighed by the fact that people are becoming more resilient.We are able to predict the hurricanes and move out of the way, leading to less damage.It's also important to remember that people build in hazardous areas, even when they know that it might lead to devastation.By being smart about our behavior and where we build, we can make a big impact on the outcome of climate change.

    Taking Action Against the Impact of Climate Change

    Climate change is a real concern that affects us all.Our actions, such as living in areas prone to natural disasters or suppressing fires, can have dangerous consequences.Climate change is exacerbating some of these conditions and it's important to be aware of the risks and take action.We can reduce risk by avoiding high-risk areas, being mindful of our environmental impact and being realistic about the potential consequences of our actions.It's also important to remember that the terms "global warming" and "climate change" have been used interchangeably for years and both terms are appropriate when talking about this issue.

    Understanding the Complexity of Climate Change

    Climate change is an incredibly complex issue, and it is often oversimplified for the sake of convenience.This can lead to alarmism and a skewed understanding of the issue.The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) strives to provide the most accurate and comprehensive picture of climate change possible.This means that their reports are often very long and complex, making it difficult for the general public to access or understand.However, the IPCC reports remain the gold standard of climate research, providing the most reliable and complete picture of the current state of climate science.It is important to take the time to understand the information provided by the IPCC, so that we can make informed decisions about how to address climate change.

    Taking Action to Mitigate Climate Change

    Climate change is an important issue that requires our attention.Global warming is defined as a rise in the Earth's average temperature and can cause drastic changes to the planet.In this discussion, it was mentioned that 5 degrees of warming and two had been discussed which is a significant amount.It was also mentioned that the Paris Agreement which was established in 1992 was supposed to provide 100 billion dollars a year from rich countries to poorer countries starting in 2020, but this has yet to happen.We must take action to reduce our emissions in order to help mitigate climate change and its effects.We must also work to provide aid to those countries that are most vulnerable to climate change.Without action, the consequences will be severe.

    Weighing Out the Costs and Benefits of Investments to Maximize Benefit to Humanity

    Making positive changes to humanity is a noble cause, but costs need to be taken into consideration.For example, if the EU and US make efforts to reduce carbon emissions, the cost is more expensive energy and foregone opportunities.The benefit is less climate damage and lower temperature rises.However, the cost-benefit analysis suggests that, for every dollar spent, it would only bring back 30 cents, making it not a smart investment.There are other causes, such as tuberculosis and early education, where each dollar spent could bring back multiple times more.In addition, investing in renewable energy could reduce geopolitical instability.Ultimately, it is important to weigh out the costs and benefits of any investments to maximize the benefit to humanity.

    Understanding the Costs and Benefits of Different Energy Sources

    Using renewable energy instead of fossil fuels can have many benefits, but also comes with a cost.Poor countries often use subsidies to help make energy more affordable, but this is often wasteful and unjust.To make the most of our energy usage, economists use models to understand the costs and benefits of different energy sources.Bjørn Lomborg and Bob Ward have different opinions on these models, but ultimately it is important to consider all perspectives and make an informed decision.Taking the average of all economic models is often the best way to proceed, and it is important to be transparent about where the estimates and models come from.

    Achieving Global Cooperation Through Transparency and Trust

    Humans need to trust in order to cooperate.In order for trust to exist, transparency, connectivity, and access to information are all essential.By being open and honest about our knowledge and data, we can create an environment in which people collaborate and work together to solve important global issues.This has been demonstrated in the climate change debate and in the fight against poverty.We must strive for a world in which our institutions can be trusted, and that starts with creating an environment in which we are open and honest about our data.

    Gaining Skills and Knowledge to Make Informed Decisions

    In today's world, it is important to have access to information that helps make informed decisions, and build confidence in understanding different perspectives.To gain skills and knowledge, one should look for research conducted by experts in the field, such as economists, Nobel Laureates and scientists.When looking for solutions to the world's most pressing problems, one should look for the most cost-effective solutions that yield the most benefit for the world.Lastly, it is essential to consider the moral implications of any decision made, as it affects the well-being of the world.

    Smart Spending to Reduce Global Mortality

    In today's world, it's important to consider the smartest ways to spend money.By assessing the needs of communities and making informed decisions, a large impact can be made.For example, TB and Malaria are two of the world's biggest infectious diseases and killing 1.5 million people annually, yet are incredibly cheap to tackle.For a couple billion dollars, the vast majority of these deaths could be saved.This is because of the knock-on effects, such as parents staying with their kids and leading more productive lives.Similarly, e-procurement systems can reduce corruption, leading to better outcomes.Evaluating the smartest ways to spend money can have an immense benefit to our world.

    Investing in Nutrition and Education for Children in Developing Countries

    It's clear that providing proper nutrition to children in developing countries could have huge benefits.This can be done by spending around $100 per child for two years, which could yield up to $4,500 worth of productivity from the child in the future.Additionally, investing in better education systems can also help make children more productive.This includes hiring more assistant teachers and making sure that teachers are held accountable for their work.By doing this, we can reduce corruption and help children become more successful adults.

    Taking Action to Combat Climate Change

    We cannot solve all problems, but we can start with the easy and effective ones.Climate change is a complex issue and it will take a lot of effort to stop the use of fossil fuels.But, it is important to focus on the things we can do to help people in vulnerable situations first.This can include providing access to clean energy, creating digital currencies, and investing in education.All of these efforts can make a real difference in people's lives and have a cumulative effect that could help us to tackle even the most difficult challenges.

    Investing in Fourth Generation Nuclear Power Plants to Reduce Climate Damage

    Climate change is a global issue that needs to be addressed through investment in energy innovation.To this end, investing in current technology is not the most effective solution.Governments need to invest in the development of fourth generation nuclear power plants, as these could ultimately reduce climate damage by up to 11 times the initial investment.This is a great return on investment and should be a priority for all countries, rather than pushing for short-term solutions that are not as effective in the long-run.

    Stimulating Investment in Production Efficiency and Innovation for a Sustainable Future

    Investing in reducing carbon emissions and exploring alternate energy sources is an important step towards a more sustainable future.Governments should invest heavily in research and development of energy solutions and provide incentives for companies to create efficient and cost effective solutions.This will create a competitive market and encourage the production of sustainable products.Bill Gates' Breakthrough Energy initiative is a great example of this, as it is designed to stimulate investment in production efficiency, as well as innovation.Investing in energy research is crucial to make sure we have a future of clean and renewable energy.

    Embracing Innovation and Incentives to Address Global Problems

    Innovation is the key to tackling global problems like climate change.Rather than top-down approaches, initiatives at the household and village level have the potential to make a real difference.For example, in a village where wheat is milled, a solar-powered wheat mill can provide energy independence.Similarly, retrofitting existing buildings in cities like New York is a key part of meeting emissions targets.Even small changes can have a large-scale impact and should be embraced.In addition to new technologies, incentives such as cheaper energy prices can encourage more widespread adoption.Ultimately, with the right innovation and incentives, global problems can be addressed.

    Embracing Nuclear Energy for a Greener Future

    Nuclear energy has long been viewed as dangerous, but recent developments have made it a viable and clean energy source.People are beginning to accept the idea of nuclear energy and break away from the traditional environmental movement's view of it as a problem.Current nuclear power plants are cheap and produce no CO2 emissions, making them a great energy source.New nuclear power plants are expensive right now, but with advances in technology, they could become more affordable.We should embrace existing nuclear power plants, as well as continue to develop new ones.This would be a productive step for human civilization as it would help reduce emissions and provide cheap, clean energy.

    A Balanced Approach to Energy Sources

    Fossil fuels have been the backbone of society since the industrial revolution, allowing us to live in many of the comforts we enjoy today.We need to continue to invest in renewable energy sources, but we also need to acknowledge the importance of fossil fuels.This means finding ways to reduce the impact of burning fossil fuels, such as investing in carbon capture and investing in new, more efficient forms of nuclear power.We need to move towards a balanced approach to energy sources, one that both takes advantage of our current resources and pushes us towards a sustainable future.

    Understanding the Impact of Fossil Fuel on the World

    In order to understand the impact of fossil fuel on the world, one needs to understand the reality.Fossil fuels currently produce only about 1% from wind and 0.8% from solar, which is a fairly small amount.Despite the efforts of the Biden administration, fossil fuels will still account for 70% of energy uses by 2050.The idea of completely moving away from fossil fuels is not feasible as it would make it impossible for people to live a good life, especially in poorer countries.We need to focus on innovation so that we can reach a point where we no longer need fossil fuels.Rich countries must also increase reduction of emissions and pay for poorer countries to develop their fossil resources to allow them to develop their economies.

    Understanding the Reality of Climate Change Through Scientific Literacy

    With the help of scientific literacy, people can understand and accept the reality of climate change.People become aware of the fact that it is not just a political issue, but a scientific one too.This has been proven by research which shows that regardless of political affiliation, people understand that human activity contributes to Climate Change.To encourage people to accept this truth, it is important to focus on creating meaningful conversations and policies that promote clean energy innovation.These conversations should be free from any kind of political divide and should be based on the scientific facts.

    Respectful Conversations and Successful Collaborations

    The conversation between Andrew Revkin and Lex Fridman shows that there is no need to impose a win-loss model as a way to make progress.Peter Coleman's theory of cooperative dialogue allows people to hold onto their beliefs while still finding common ground.This demonstrates that it is possible to have constructive conversations without having to agree on every point.The key is to respect each other's opinions and work together to find solutions that everyone can live with.This is the foundation of good relationships and successful collaborations.

    Understanding Unethical Points of View to Create Solutions

    As a journalist, it's important to be open-minded and listen to people's opinions, even if they are bad or unethical.People who are considered evil or wrong still have their point of view and it's important to take the time to understand it.This can lead to solutions and conversations that create an understanding between different sides.For example, when Andrew Revkin wrote about the murder of Chico Mendes, he talked to the killers and ranchers to understand their point of view.This approach can lead to productive conversations that create understanding and can bring solutions to the table that would have otherwise been overlooked.

    Understanding Different Perspectives Through Journalism

    Journalism is not only about understanding the context of a story and the people in it, but also having the courage to empathize with those who have different perspectives.It is important to understand the full arc of history, which could be accomplished by examining the extreme thought experiments.Andrew Revkin, a journalist, understood this while interviewing a physicist who had different opinions.He chose to listen, empathize and learn.He realized the importance of connecting with the person and their story, rather than just trying to present a one-sided argument.This experience taught Andrew that it is essential to take the time to understand the whole story, rather than just focus on the differences.

    Measuring the Impact of Presidents on Climate Change

    The presidents of the United States have had both positive and negative impacts on climate change efforts.Bush and Cheney took action to shift from coal to gas, which reduced emissions in the Obama years.Obama and Trump both increased investment in research and innovation.However, the effects of presidential action can be difficult to measure, as much of the progress in reducing emissions has been due to ongoing changes in energy sources, like moving from wood to coal, and long-term economic growth, such as the industrialization of China.Ultimately, the impact of presidents on the climate is small compared to the long-term trends and other factors.

    Achieving Progress in Poverty Reduction, Decarbonisation and Reducing Vulnerability

    The world has made massive progress in poverty reduction, decarbonisation and reducing vulnerability in the last few decades.People are now wealthier, more informed, and better equipped to tackle natural disasters.This can be seen in cities like San Francisco, Durban, South Africa, and the Philippines, where people have access to better housing, warnings, and emergency services.Bangladesh is a great example of this progress - they have gone from hundreds of thousands of deaths in a cyclone to just 123.This is thanks to advances in technology, communication, and knowledge that have enabled people to be better prepared and respond more effectively.

    Adaptability and Media Literacy Are Key for Making a Positive Impact

    Young people today have the potential to make a huge positive impact on the world.With the internet, they can brainstorm with people from all over the world, develop new technologies and social innovations, and create positive change.Adaptability and media literacy are key skills to cultivate, as the world is constantly changing.Instead of getting overwhelmed by fear, young people should focus on becoming even smarter and helping humanity progress.They can be the ones to develop new energy sources, tackle tuberculosis in an effective way, or make social innovations in other countries.By doing this, they can make the world an even better place for our future generations.

    Combining Urgency and Patience to Communicate and Understand

    Being able to communicate effectively is an essential skill in our world today.Whether it's through Twitter, TikTok, YouTube or some other medium, we have the opportunity to spread knowledge and make a difference.Scientists have a responsibility to communicate their work so it can make an impact.Urgency and patience are both needed when tackling difficult tasks like climate change.And it's important to take time to explain and demonstrate your work so it can be understood.With the right combination of urgency and patience, communication and understanding, we can make a real difference in the world.

    Making the World a Better Place Through Collaboration

    The message conveyed by Bjørn Lomborg and Andrew Revkin is clear: life is about making the world a better place.We have a responsibility to use our resources wisely and to help each other in times of need.We must also be mindful of our biological history and the impact of our actions on the planet.Through collaboration, we can find solutions to some of the world's biggest challenges, such as preventing disease and mitigating climate change.Ultimately, life is an opportunity to make a positive difference, and we should strive to make the most of it.

    Using Your Unique Talents and Interests to Make a Positive Impact

    Teaching people to find their passion and use it to influence the world in a positive way is a great way to create a better future.Everyone can use their unique talents and interests to create something meaningful that can help others.It could be blogging, music, cooking, writing, or anything else.By looking at different cultures and thinking about how they view comfort, one can gain a broader perspective on how to use their gifts.Additionally, it is important to remember that we can't solve every problem, but we can take action on the ones we can.By the combination of science and wisdom, we can make an impact on the world.

    Appreciating Life's Complexities and Transitoriness

    Learning to accept that life is full of complexities, and we cannot control everything, can be difficult.However, it is important to focus on what can be changed and to take comfort in the knowledge that life is transitory.Listening to music, such as Andrew Revkin's song "A Very Fine Line", can be a reminder to appreciate life and the fine line between living and dying.

    Recent Episodes from Lex Fridman Podcast

    #429 – Paul Rosolie: Jungle, Apex Predators, Aliens, Uncontacted Tribes, and God

    #429 – Paul Rosolie: Jungle, Apex Predators, Aliens, Uncontacted Tribes, and God
    Paul Rosolie is a naturalist, explorer, author, and founder of Junglekeepers, dedicating his life to protecting the Amazon rainforest. Support his efforts at https://junglekeepers.org Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - ShipStation: https://shipstation.com/lex and use code LEX to get 60-day free trial - Yahoo Finance: https://yahoofinance.com - BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off - NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour - Eight Sleep: https://eightsleep.com/lex to get $350 off - Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get $1 per month trial Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/paul-rosolie-2-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Paul's Instagram: https://instagram.com/paulrosolie Junglekeepers: https://junglekeepers.org Paul's Website: https://paulrosolie.com Mother of God (book): https://amzn.to/3ww2ob1 PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (12:29) - Amazon jungle (14:47) - Bushmaster snakes (26:13) - Black caiman (44:33) - Rhinos (47:47) - Anacondas (1:18:04) - Mammals (1:30:10) - Piranhas (1:41:00) - Aliens (1:58:45) - Elephants (2:10:02) - Origin of life (2:23:21) - Explorers (2:36:38) - Ayahuasca (2:45:03) - Deep jungle expedition (2:59:09) - Jane Goodall (3:01:41) - Theodore Roosevelt (3:12:36) - Alone show (3:22:23) - Protecting the rainforest (3:38:36) - Snake makes appearance (3:46:47) - Uncontacted tribes (4:00:11) - Mortality (4:01:39) - Steve Irwin (4:09:18) - God
    Lex Fridman Podcast
    enMay 15, 2024

    #428 – Sean Carroll: General Relativity, Quantum Mechanics, Black Holes & Aliens

    #428 – Sean Carroll: General Relativity, Quantum Mechanics, Black Holes & Aliens
    Sean Carroll is a theoretical physicist, author, and host of Mindscape podcast. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - HiddenLayer: https://hiddenlayer.com/lex - Cloaked: https://cloaked.com/lex and use code LexPod to get 25% off - Notion: https://notion.com/lex - Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get $1 per month trial - NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/sean-carroll-3-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Sean's Website: https://preposterousuniverse.com Mindscape Podcast: https://www.preposterousuniverse.com/podcast/ Sean's YouTube: https://youtube.com/@seancarroll Sean's Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/seanmcarroll Sean's Twitter: https://twitter.com/seanmcarroll Sean's Instagram: https://instagram.com/seanmcarroll Sean's Papers: https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=Lfifrv8AAAAJ Sean's Books: https://amzn.to/3W7yT9N PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (11:03) - General relativity (23:22) - Black holes (28:11) - Hawking radiation (32:19) - Aliens (41:15) - Holographic principle (1:05:38) - Dark energy (1:11:38) - Dark matter (1:20:34) - Quantum mechanics (1:41:56) - Simulation (1:44:18) - AGI (1:58:42) - Complexity (2:11:25) - Consciousness (2:20:32) - Naturalism (2:24:49) - Limits of science (2:29:34) - Mindscape podcast (2:39:29) - Einstein

    #427 – Neil Adams: Judo, Olympics, Winning, Losing, and the Champion Mindset

    #427 – Neil Adams: Judo, Olympics, Winning, Losing, and the Champion Mindset
    Neil Adams is a judo world champion, 2-time Olympic silver medalist, 5-time European champion, and often referred to as the Voice of Judo. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - ZipRecruiter: https://ziprecruiter.com/lex - Eight Sleep: https://eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings - MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lexpod to get 15% off - LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack - NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/neil-adams-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Neil's Instagram: https://instagram.com/naefighting Neil's YouTube: https://youtube.com/NAEffectiveFighting Neil's TikTok: https://tiktok.com/@neiladamsmbe Neil's Facebook: https://facebook.com/NeilAdamsJudo Neil's X: https://x.com/NeilAdamsJudo Neil's Website: https://naeffectivefighting.com Neil's Podcast: https://naeffectivefighting.com/podcasts/the-dojo-collective-podcast A Life in Judo (book): https://amzn.to/4d3DtfB A Game of Throws (audiobook): https://amzn.to/4aA2WeJ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (09:13) - 1980 Olympics (26:35) - Judo explained (34:40) - Winning (52:54) - 1984 Olympics (1:01:55) - Lessons from losing (1:17:37) - Teddy Riner (1:37:12) - Training in Japan (1:52:51) - Jiu jitsu (2:03:59) - Training (2:27:18) - Advice for beginners

    #426 – Edward Gibson: Human Language, Psycholinguistics, Syntax, Grammar & LLMs

    #426 – Edward Gibson: Human Language, Psycholinguistics, Syntax, Grammar & LLMs
    Edward Gibson is a psycholinguistics professor at MIT and heads the MIT Language Lab. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - Yahoo Finance: https://yahoofinance.com - Listening: https://listening.com/lex and use code LEX to get one month free - Policygenius: https://policygenius.com/lex - Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get $1 per month trial - Eight Sleep: https://eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/edward-gibson-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Edward's X: https://x.com/LanguageMIT TedLab: https://tedlab.mit.edu/ Edward's Google Scholar: https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=4FsWE64AAAAJ TedLab's YouTube: https://youtube.com/@Tedlab-MIT PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (10:53) - Human language (14:59) - Generalizations in language (20:46) - Dependency grammar (30:45) - Morphology (39:20) - Evolution of languages (42:40) - Noam Chomsky (1:26:46) - Thinking and language (1:40:16) - LLMs (1:53:14) - Center embedding (2:19:42) - Learning a new language (2:23:34) - Nature vs nurture (2:30:10) - Culture and language (2:44:38) - Universal language (2:49:01) - Language translation (2:52:16) - Animal communication

    #425 – Andrew Callaghan: Channel 5, Gonzo, QAnon, O-Block, Politics & Alex Jones

    #425 – Andrew Callaghan: Channel 5, Gonzo, QAnon, O-Block, Politics & Alex Jones
    Andrew Callaghan is the host of Channel 5 on YouTube, where he does street interviews with fascinating humans at the edges of society, the so-called vagrants, vagabonds, runaways, outlaws, from QAnon adherents to Phish heads to O Block residents and much more. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - ShipStation: https://shipstation.com/lex and use code LEX to get 60-day free trial - BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off - LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack - MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lexpod to get 15% off - AG1: https://drinkag1.com/lex to get 1 month supply of fish oil Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/andrew-callaghan-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Channel 5 with Andrew Callaghan: https://www.youtube.com/channel5YouTube Andrew's Instagram: https://instagram.com/andreww.me Andrew's Website: https://andrew-callaghan.com/ Andrew's Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/channel5 This Place Rules: https://www.hbo.com/movies/this-place-rules Books Mentioned: On the Road: https://amzn.to/4aLPLHi Siddhartha: https://amzn.to/49rthKz PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (08:53) - Walmart (10:24) - Early life (29:14) - Hitchhiking (40:49) - Couch surfing (49:50) - Quarter Confessions (1:07:33) - Burning Man (1:22:44) - Protests (1:28:17) - Jon Stewart (1:31:13) - Fame (1:44:31) - Jan 6 (1:48:15) - QAnon (1:54:00) - Alex Jones (2:10:52) - Politics (2:20:29) - Response to allegations (2:37:28) - Channel 5 (2:43:04) - Rap (2:44:51) - O Block (2:48:47) - Crip Mac (2:51:59) - Aliens

    #424 – Bassem Youssef: Israel-Palestine, Gaza, Hamas, Middle East, Satire & Fame

    #424 – Bassem Youssef: Israel-Palestine, Gaza, Hamas, Middle East, Satire & Fame
    Bassem Youssef is an Egyptian-American comedian & satirist, referred to as the Jon Stewart of the Arab World. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - AG1: https://drinkag1.com/lex to get 1 month supply of fish oil - Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get $1 per month trial - Eight Sleep: https://eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings - LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/bassem-youssef-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Bassem's X: https://x.com/Byoussef Bassem's Instagram: https://instagram.com/bassem Bassem's Facebook: https://facebook.com/bassemyousseftv Bassem's Website: https://bassemyoussef.xyz PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (06:30) - Oct 7 (36:59) - Two-state solution (52:37) - Holocaust (1:00:24) - 1948 (1:09:17) - Egypt (1:23:39) - Jon Stewart (1:25:51) - Going viral during the Arab Spring (1:49:55) - Arabic vs English (2:02:18) - Sam Harris and Jihad (2:07:25) - Religion (2:26:37) - TikTok (2:31:10) - Joe Rogan (2:33:07) - Joe Biden (2:37:33) - Putin (2:39:21) - War (2:44:17) - Hope

    #423 – Tulsi Gabbard: War, Politics, and the Military Industrial Complex

    #423 – Tulsi Gabbard: War, Politics, and the Military Industrial Complex
    Tulsi Gabbard is a politician, veteran, and author of For Love of Country. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - Riverside: https://creators.riverside.fm/LEX and use code LEX to get 30% off - ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod to get 3 months free - NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour - Notion: https://notion.com/lex Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/tulsi-gabbard-transcript EPISODE LINKS: For Love of Country (book): https://amzn.to/3VLlofM Tulsi's X: https://x.com/tulsigabbard Tulsi's YouTube: https://youtube.com/@TulsiGabbard Tulsi's Podcast: https://youtube.com/@TheTulsiGabbardShow Tulsi's Instagram: https://instagram.com/tulsigabbard Tulsi's Facebook: https://facebook.com/TulsiGabbard Tulsi's Website: https://tulsigabbard.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (07:14) - War in Iraq (15:00) - Battle injuries and PTSD (22:10) - War on terrorism (30:51) - War in Gaza (34:52) - War in Ukraine (38:38) - Syria (46:20) - Warmongers (55:40) - Nuclear war (1:11:08) - TikTok ban (1:23:13) - Bernie Sanders (1:28:08) - Politics (1:46:59) - Personal attacks (1:49:07) - God

    #422 – Mark Cuban: Shark Tank, DEI & Wokeism Debate, Elon Musk, Politics & Drugs

    #422 – Mark Cuban: Shark Tank, DEI & Wokeism Debate, Elon Musk, Politics & Drugs
    Mark Cuban is a businessman, investor, star of TV series Shark Tank, long-time principal owner of Dallas Mavericks, and founder of Cost Plus Drugs. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - Listening: https://listening.com/lex and use code LEX to get one month free - Cloaked: https://cloaked.com/lex and use code LexPod to get 25% off - Notion: https://notion.com/lex - Eight Sleep: https://eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings - Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get $1 per month trial Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/mark-cuban-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Mark's X: https://twitter.com/mcuban Mark's Instagram: https://instagram.com/mcuban Cost Plus Drugs: https://costplusdrugs.com Shark Tank: https://abc.com/shows/shark-tank Dallas Mavericks: https://www.mavs.com PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (11:10) - Entrepreneurship (26:03) - Shark Tank (36:29) - How Mark made first billion (1:02:39) - Dallas Mavericks (1:08:05) - DEI debate (1:43:58) - Trump vs Biden (1:46:20) - Immigration (1:55:53) - Drugs and Big Pharma (2:11:53) - AI (2:16:05) - Advice for young people

    #421 – Dana White: UFC, Fighting, Khabib, Conor, Tyson, Ali, Rogan, Elon & Zuck

    #421 – Dana White: UFC, Fighting, Khabib, Conor, Tyson, Ali, Rogan, Elon & Zuck
    Dana White is the CEO and president of the UFC. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack - Notion: https://notion.com/lex - AG1: https://drinkag1.com/lex to get 1 month supply of fish oil - InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/dana-white-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Dana's X: https://x.com/danawhite Dana's Instagram: https://instagram.com/danawhite Dana's Facebook: https://facebook.com/danawhite UFC's YouTube: https://youtube.com/@UFC UFC's Website: https://ufc.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (06:31) - Mike Tyson and early days of fighting (17:10) - Jiu jitsu (23:14) - Origin of UFC (37:25) - Joe Rogan (43:31) - Lorenzo Fertitta (45:58) - Great fighters (49:55) - Khabib vs Conor (53:01) - Jon Jones (56:03) - Conor McGregor (1:01:05) - Trump (1:06:44) - Elon vs Zuck (1:08:04) - Mike Tyson vs Jake Paul (1:10:52) - Forrest Griffin vs Stephan Bonnar (1:18:06) - Gambling (1:33:08) - Mortality

    #420 – Annie Jacobsen: Nuclear War, CIA, KGB, Aliens, Area 51, Roswell & Secrecy

    #420 – Annie Jacobsen: Nuclear War, CIA, KGB, Aliens, Area 51, Roswell & Secrecy
    Annie Jacobsen is an investigative journalist and author of "Nuclear War: A Scenario" and many other books on war, weapons, government secrecy, and national security. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - HiddenLayer: https://hiddenlayer.com/lex - BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off - Policygenius: https://policygenius.com/lex - NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/annie-jacobsen-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Nuclear War: A Scenario (book): https://amzn.to/3THZHfr Annie's Twitter: https://twitter.com/anniejacobsen Annie's Website: https://anniejacobsen.com/ Annie's Books: https://amzn.to/3TGWyMJ Annie's Books (audio): https://adbl.co/49ZnI7c PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (07:37) - Nuclear war (12:21) - Launch procedure (18:00) - Deterrence (21:34) - Tactical nukes (30:59) - Nuclear submarines (33:59) - Nuclear missiles (41:10) - Nuclear football (50:17) - Missile interceptor system (54:34) - North Korea (1:01:10) - Nuclear war scenarios (1:10:02) - Warmongers (1:14:31) - President's cognitive ability (1:20:43) - Refusing orders (1:28:41) - Russia and Putin (1:33:48) - Cyberattack (1:35:09) - Ground zero of nuclear war (1:39:48) - Surviving nuclear war (1:44:06) - Nuclear winter (1:54:29) - Alien civilizations (2:00:04) - Extrasensory perception (2:13:50) - Area 51 (2:17:48) - UFOs and aliens (2:28:15) - Roswell incident (2:34:55) - CIA assassinations (2:53:47) - Navalny (2:56:12) - KGB (3:02:48) - Hitler and the atomic bomb (3:06:52) - War and human nature (3:10:17) - Hope