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    #319 – Botez Sisters: Chess, Streaming, and Fame

    King's Indian Defense requires careful thought and accuracy, and it is important to consider the type of chess being played when using this aggressive strategy.

    enSeptember 09, 2022

    About this Episode

    Alexandra and Andrea Botez are chess players, commentators, educators, entertainers, and streamers. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - Calm: https://calm.com/lex to get 40% off premium - Weights & Biases: https://lexfridman.com/wnb - BiOptimizers: http://www.magbreakthrough.com/lex to get 10% off - InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off - Indeed: https://indeed.com/lex to get $75 credit EPISODE LINKS: BotezLive Twitch: https://twitch.tv/botezlive BotezLive YouTube: https://youtube.com/c/BotezLive BotezLive Instagram: https://instagram.com/botezlive Alexandra's Instagram: https://instagram.com/missbotez Andrea's Instagram: https://instagram.com/itsandreabotez Alexandra's Twitter: https://twitter.com/alexandravbotez Andrea's Twitter: https://twitter.com/itsandreabotez ChessBase: https://chessbase.com/post/the-carlsen-niemann-affair PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (10:15) - Trip to Italy (17:16) - Chess tournaments (22:03) - Streaming (34:07) - Chess strategies (54:33) - King's Indian Defense (1:12:33) - Chess training (1:16:59) - Losing (1:20:18) - Street chess and trash talk (1:25:07) - Passion and study (1:43:00) - Loneliness and depression (2:07:49) - Andrew Tate (2:16:32) - Greatest chess player of all time (2:19:07) - Magnus Carlsen (2:28:17) - Advice for young people (2:30:10) - Chess boxing (2:39:04) - Meaning of life (2:40:09) - Love

    🔑 Key Takeaways

    • In difficult times, it is important to take a step back and look for the positive, even if it is something as simple as packing light and learning to relax.
    • Learning from different cultures can open the door to new experiences and help you grow as a person.
    • Chess can provide stability and bring joy, regardless of one's competitive approach.
    • It is important to be your true self and appreciate the process to achieve success.
    • It is important to find a balance between optimizing your content to reach a broader audience and staying true to your passions and beliefs.
    • Enjoying the practice is key to achieving your best performance.
    • Intuition and preparation are essential for succeeding at chess, even when playing against a higher rated player.
    • Taking risks in chess can be a great way to learn problem solving, focus, and strategy.
    • Strategically controlling the center of the board and developing pieces before castling your King will give you an advantage in the game of Chess.
    • Chess is a game of strategy and skill. To become a better player, focus on developing your pieces, protecting your king, pointing your pieces to the center, and staying flexible.
    • King's Indian Defense requires careful thought and accuracy, and it is important to consider the type of chess being played when using this aggressive strategy.
    • Developing strong visualization skills and using one's own intuition can help chess players think outside the box and make moves that computers don't understand.
    • To succeed at chess, use your memory and visualization skills to consider the future of the game.
    • To achieve success in chess, one must master the art of strategic planning and calculated sacrifices.
    • Successful chess mastery requires a combination of practice, study, and intuitive thinking.
    • Dedication and hard work are key to maximize your time and effort in improving your chess game and unlocking your potential.
    • Chess can be a great way to make friends and have fun, regardless of age or experience - but it's important to be humble and respect your opponents, even if they are kids.
    • Playing chess can be more than just a game - it can be an interactive and entertaining experience that allows you to connect with friends and explore the history of the game.
    • Dedication and a willingness to take risks can enable one to achieve great things.
    • Learning to play chess can teach invaluable lessons such as staying focused, managing emotions and striving for perfection.
    • Pursuing a passion requires dedication, but following your inner voice can lead to great rewards and accomplishments, regardless of success or career.
    • Recognize the triggers of depression and take action to prevent it while maintaining faith that the difficult times will pass.
    • Dedication and hard work can help you achieve results over time, and the online community can provide a sense of belonging in an otherwise isolating environment.
    • Don't let your self-worth be dependent on your content and the numbers it produces. Persevere and create regardless of the algorithm.
    • Focus on creating meaningful work and building long-term relationships to bring lasting fulfillment.
    • Prioritize quality over quantity and decide what parts of ourselves we want to share online to maintain a balance between our public and private lives.
    • Platforming someone with controversial views requires weighing the potential benefits and risks of the decision, as it can have long-term consequences.
    • Though it may be difficult to have conversations with those who we disagree with, it is necessary to strive for empathy and mutual understanding in order to create a better future.
    • Taking risks and learning from mistakes can open up opportunities and help grow our skills, especially in the game of chess.
    • It takes hard work and talent to reach the highest level of success, but to stay there requires creative innovation and the willingness to think outside the box.
    • Taking calculated risks can be a great way to learn, grow and pursue the things you are passionate about.
    • It is important to push yourself to achieve personal goals, but it is also important to be mindful of your limits and plan accordingly.
    • Push yourself to reach new goals, appreciate the moment and use chess to measure and understand yourself better.
    • Love is the foundation of human connection and can inspire us to do great things.

    📝 Podcast Summary

    Chess Controversy: Packing Light & Learning to Relax

    The Botez sisters are two amazing individuals, highly skilled in the art of chess.Despite this, they experienced a difficult time recently, when the chess world was thrown into controversy after Hans Neiman beat Magnus Carlson at the Sinkfield Cup.Despite the internet's attempts to prove cheating, Hans himself admitted that he had cheated in online games before, but never in person.This situation, as well as the brilliant memory and intuition of Hans Neiman, was commented on by many figures in the chess world.It is a complex situation, and one which Lex Fridman will take into account when deciding whether to open the conversation further on his podcast.Despite it all, the Botez sisters were able to take something positive away from this difficult time - a lesson in packing light and the relaxation of being able to take a break from their work.

    An Adventure of Cultural Exploration

    Learning from different cultures can be a fun adventure! Andrea and Alexandra's experience in Italy was a great example of this.They encountered different food, people, and language.Although the Italian grandmas scolded them for not finishing their plates, it was a reminder of where they grew up and they appreciated it.They also discovered that the Italian food was better for them to digest despite it being gluten-heavy.Overall, the romance languages have different characters and French was deemed to be the sultriest.Learning from different cultures is a great way to experience new things and grow as a person.

    Sisters Find Joy in the Stable Game of Chess

    Playing chess can be a great way to improve confidence, build relationships, and have fun.Our story follows two sisters, Andrea and Alexandra, who started playing chess at the young age of six.After moving around to different places, chess became the one stable thing Andrea had and she started studying intensely.Alexandra on the other hand, was more balanced and enjoyed other hobbies in her childhood.However, they both found joy in playing the game and competing in tournaments.Andrea worked hard to reach the rating of an expert, and Alexandra enjoyed her most recent tournament the most because she was eager to study for the game and stopped worrying about the competition.Their love for chess has helped them to find something special in the game.

    A Journey from Nervousness to Confidence Through Chess

    Alexandra loves playing chess and was excited for the tournament she was about to take part in.However, she was nervous as the category was 200 points above her rating.But with the help of her friends and her social circle of other chess players, she was able to gain the confidence she needed to perform well.Streaming on platforms such as Twitch also helped Alexandra to connect with people who shared similar interests and made her appreciate the game of chess even more.Although it can be tempting to create an exaggerated persona, it's important to be your authentic self and enjoy the process.

    Finding the Balance Between Optimizing Content and Staying True to You

    Learning how to communicate with large audiences can be a skill.When creating content online, it is important to think of the format and how to make it entertaining.There is a balance between optimizing the content and staying true to what you love and believe in.A good way to start is to translate the format of what you are passionate about and make it relatable to a broader audience.It is also important to remember that even though the first 10 seconds of a video is important, not to let the numbers take control of your creativity.

    Finding the Right Balance to Maximize Chess Performance

    A passion for chess can take you far, and GM hammer of Norway is a great example of this.He emphasizes that enjoying the practice is key, rather than making it an unpleasant task.His approach of not studying what doesn't interest him is a powerful lesson.It's important to spend time thinking about what you love, as this is when your best performance will come out.While it may seem like drinking can help you play better, it should be done in moderation.Playing in short time control games can be beneficial, but for longer games it can become a hindrance.Ultimately, it's important to find the right balance to get the most out of the game.

    Overcoming the Intimidation of Chess Through Intuition and Preparation

    Playing chess is a game of skill and intuition.It requires one to be able to calculate quickly and think ahead.There is a difference between playing with a limited time frame, like blitz or bullet and playing classical chess.When playing with a limited time frame, intuition is key as one doesn't have time to calculate deeply.Even then, it is important to recognize patterns and use intuition to make decisions.When playing against a higher rated player, the psychological aspect plays a major role.One must be prepared to face defeat, as statistically one is unlikely to win.While this can be intimidating, it is important to remember that even the best chess players can be beaten.

    Taking Risks with the King's Indian Defense: Exploring the Hanging Pawns Strategy

    Playing chess can be a great way to learn strategy, focus, and practice problem solving.The King's Indian Defense is a popular opening in chess, which allows black to challenge white's control of the center of the board.It involves a risky attack on the king's side of the board.It can be a difficult opening to defend against, and even experts admit that they don't fully understand it.Computers don't approve of the King's Indian Defense, but the game is still fun for humans as it requires creative tactics and strategy.Hanging Pawns is an idea that can be seen in the King's Indian Defense.It involves putting two pawns side by side, which can be risky, but can also give black a great opportunity for an attack.Learning chess can help develop important skills like problem solving, focus, and strategy.

    Outthinking Your Opponent to Win the Game of Chess

    Chess is a game of strategy, where the aim is to outwit the opponent.As you begin, you need to understand two important principles: controlling the center and developing pieces.Controlling the center means putting your pawns in the center of the board and then developing pieces means taking out Bishops and Knights first, before your Queen, so that you can castle your King.This also helps free up some of your pieces.Ghost threats are moves you fear before they happen, like attacking a defenseless pawn in the center.However, once you do that, you can develop your own knight and defend it.By understanding and mastering these basic principles, you can outthink your opponents and win the game.

    The Keys to Winning at Chess: Develop, Protect, Point, Flex!

    Learning chess is a daunting task, but there are some basic principles to get you started.Developing your pieces is essential and can be done by bringing out the knight, bishop and king.It is also important to keep your king safe by placing your pieces in the center of the board and having a wall of defense.Lastly, you want your pieces to point towards the center and stay flexible in order to make more threats.Once you have these principles in mind, you will be able to build up your intuition and become a better player.

    Building Strength and Skill with King's Indian Defense

    Playing chess requires strategy and tactics, and the King's Indian Defense is an exciting and aggressive way to play.In this style, pieces are thrown towards the opposition's king side and sacrificing opportunities are available.However, it requires careful thought and accuracy as incorrect moves can cause a weakened defense.It's important to focus on the pieces that haven't moved yet and to think about timing and the optimal position for each piece.It's also important to consider the type of chess you're playing, as online chess may require a more aggressive approach.Heka vs.Carro in 2009 is a great example of an amazing game of King's Indian Defense.Heka played black and was able to move pieces towards the king side and push the pawns forward.It's an example of how powerful and successful the King's Indian Defense can be.

    Unlocking the Beauty of Chess through Intuition

    Andrea is a chess master who understands the importance of not just relying on computers to make the best moves in chess.She explains that while computers can provide helpful insights, it's important to use one's own mind to look for trends in the game.She also talks about blindfold chess, which she has tried but finds difficult, as it requires strong visualization skills to be successful.Andrea emphasizes the beauty of the game, as it often involves thinking outside the box and making moves that a computer might not understand.She encourages chess players to hone their own intuition and use it to their advantage.

    Unlocking Your Brain Power to Win at Chess

    Chess is a game of strategy and memory recall.To be successful, you have to keep track of the pieces on the board and visualize the branching process of the game.You have to be able to remember positions you have already seen in order to anticipate your opponent's moves.Sometimes, when you focus too much on one particular move, you can forget about other pieces or moves, leading to blunders.To prevent this from happening, it's important to keep all the pieces in your memory and use your brain power to consider the future of the game.

    Mastering the Art of Chess through Strategic Planning and Calculated Sacrifices

    Learning to play chess requires careful calculation and strategic planning.Utilizing the different pieces to their fullest potential is key to success.Sacrificing pieces to create an opening can be a powerful tool, and understanding when to do so is a critical skill.Being aware of vulnerable pieces and how to defend them is also essential, as well as being able to recognize when and how to capitalize on an opponent's weaknesses.Finally, keeping track of which pieces are in play and where they are located is a must for any successful chess player.

    Mastering Chess Through Deliberate Practice

    Deliberate practice is key to mastering any skill, including chess.To be successful, you need to devote time to studying openings, learning tactics, and understanding endgame strategies.It is also important to review past games and identify areas to improve.Additionally, it is important to practice in intense, timed situations to build up your quick thinking skills.With the right combination of practice and intuition, you can become a master of the game.

    Unlocking Your Chess Potential Through Dedication and Strategy

    Chess is a great game for developing strategy and patterns.It requires hard work and dedication to improve.Training puzzles and books for 30 to 60 minutes can help with pattern recognition, while combination drills help to strengthen your muscles.Content can be balanced with training streams and daily puzzles.Analyzing losses and tournament games is also essential, as it helps to identify mistakes and find better moves.With dedication, you can maximize the time you spend on improving and get better at chess.It can be discouraging to lose, but it's also a great opportunity to learn and grow.

    Chess, A Sport For All Ages: Swallow Your Pride and Make Friends

    Playing chess is a beautiful sport that transcends age and demographic.No matter the age or experience, everyone is capable of brilliant moves.It is important to remember, however, that when playing against kids it can be difficult to not let it get to you.Kids don't always have etiquette, and can be quite arrogant.Even if you are a master, you must be willing to swallow your pride when faced with a kid's trash-talk or dance moves.Playing against street-hustlers in Union Square Park or Washington Square is an experience like no other - the chess match is just one part of it, with the other being getting to know the person and their unique personality.Even if you are recognized, it is possible to surprise your opponents by dressing up as a grandmother!

    Exploring Unique Ways to Make Chess Fun and Exciting

    Playing chess can be a fun and exciting experience.Two friends, Alexandra and Andrea, often played each other when they needed content for an online stream.They would set stakes to make it more interesting, and sometimes even played in chaotic environments, like Times Square.They enjoyed the atmosphere, the people and the music, and saw it as a way to make chess more mainstream and appealing.They also enjoyed the trash talk and watching each other's reactions and satisfaction.Even though they tried not to play against each other too often, as they had similar openings, they still found ways to make it fun and unique.They also discussed the famous Bobby Fischer game and the 'Game of the Century', showing their love for the game and its history.

    Achieving Unprecedented Success Through Passion and Determination

    This story highlights the importance of dedicating one's self to a task in order to achieve success.Bobby Fisher, a 13 year old chess player, is a great example of this.Despite being a novice, he managed to beat an experienced international master by showing tactical prowess and playing well.His victory, dubbed “the Game of the Century”, was a result of his dedication and willingness to take risks.His success in the 1971 Candidates match was unprecedented, sweeping two top grandmasters.His story serves a reminder that one can achieve great things if they are passionate and determined.

    Conquer Chess Challenges to Achieve Exhilarating Victories

    Learning to play chess can be an incredibly rewarding experience, but it also requires a high level of dedication and focus.It can be emotionally taxing to constantly feel the pressure of blundering and losing, and the mistakes can often be painful and demoralizing.However, when you are able to overcome these challenges and win, it can be a truly exhilarating feeling.Even if you don't pursue chess competitively, the lessons you learn from it can be invaluable: the ability to stay focused and dedicated, manage your emotions, and strive for perfection and winning.

    Unlocking Your Potential Through Passion and Dedication

    Pursuing a passion is a rewarding experience and can lead to a great sense of accomplishment, even if it doesn't lead to a career or financial success.One example is chess.It requires a lot of mental power and dedication, but it won't enable you to explore other subjects deeply.It's easy to fall into a dangerous addiction, and it's important to remember that there are many ways to find reward and intellectual fulfillment, as well as to build a successful life.It's also important to listen to that inner voice which draws you to something, and to know that even if you start late or make mistakes, you can still become world-class at something.

    Embrace the Difficult Times, Appreciate Small Wins and Have Faith

    Facing difficult times and feeling low is natural.It's important to be self-critical but not too hard on yourself.If you feel like you're getting stuck in a place of depression, it is important to be aware of triggers and take action to prevent it.Taking a break, appreciating small wins and having faith that the dark times will go away can be helpful.It's also important to remember that you have gone through difficult times before and will come out of it.

    Analyzing Life Through Chess and Streaming

    Chess has taught me many life lessons.It has helped me develop an analytical mind and understand that sometimes you have to make decisions without having a perfect way forward.It has also taught me patience, dedication and hard work as I saw results over time.Similarly, streaming has also taught me a lot.It has allowed me to be creative, explore my passions and have the freedom to work for myself.Even though appearing online can be isolating for some, I feel lucky to have the love and support of the online community.

    Finding Success in Content Creation Despite Challenges

    Alexandra and Andrea have both found success as content creators, but along with it have come challenges.They both have had to learn to not take the feedback from viewers and viewers’ numbers personally, and to not let their self-worth become tied to their job and content.This can be difficult when your livelihood depends on it, but Alexandra and Andrea have found ways to recycle their content and look beyond the numbers.They both know that even when the numbers don't look good, they will keep persevering and creating, regardless of what the algorithm tells them.

    Creating Meaningful Work: The Path to Lasting Fulfillment

    The lesson here is that it's important to stay true to yourself and focus on what you can create that will bring value to your life and to others.Creating with the goal of becoming famous or accumulating views can be tempting and rewarding, but it can also lead to a cycle of addiction and disappointment.Instead, focus on creating meaningful work and building long-term relationships with your family, colleagues, and listeners.This is ultimately what will bring you the most satisfaction and provide an opportunity to make a positive impact on the world.

    Celebrating Our Authentic Selves with Deliberate & Thoughtful Actions

    Learning to be deliberate and thoughtful with our actions and words is important, but we don't have to be perfect or take ourselves too seriously.We can allow ourselves to be silly and enjoy our hobbies in our free time.It's important to prioritize quality over quantity and decide what parts of ourselves we want to share online.This can help us maintain a balance between our public and private lives, while still being our authentic selves.

    Deciding the Benefits and Risks of Platforming Controversial Messages

    The power of the internet and social media platforms can be a double-edged sword.It can both be used as a tool for social good, and to spread harmful messages.Andrew Tate is an example of someone who has used their platform to become successful, but his messages can be seen as misogynistic.Weighing the potential benefits and risks of platforming someone like him is a difficult decision.It can be hard to know if giving him the platform will lead people to understand his views better, or if it will send the wrong message to others with a platform.No matter what the decision, it is important to remember that there will be consequences.

    Finding Empathy Through Discourse and Mutual Understanding

    In a world of diverse opinions, it is important to have conversations with people who you disagree with in order to understand their beliefs.Though it may lead to bad publicity, it is important to have discourse and challenge each other to come to a mutual understanding.It can be difficult to take on the burden of these conversations, but it is necessary for our society to grow and learn from the mistakes of the past.Though it is easy to label each other, we should instead strive to have empathy and try to see the best in each other.Ultimately, it is important to make the right decision and be comfortable with it.

    Unlocking the Possibilities of Risk-Taking in the Game of Chess

    Being able to take risks and accept being canceled can be liberating.It's important to do what's best for the world and try to learn from mistakes.When comparing the greatest chess players of all time, one must consider the tools they had access to, as well as their performance against players of their skill level.Magnus Carlson and Gary Casper of are both incredible players, and while Magnus has had access to computers, Gary Casper of still managed to excel in his time.Magnus also plays a variety of games and challenges himself in unique ways, making him an incredibly versatile player.Magnus has yet to reach his peak, so it is too early to judge who the greatest chess player of all time really is.

    The Bold Decision of a World Chess Champion

    Magnus Carlsen, the world chess champion, made a bold decision to not play in the world championship.Many chess fans were disappointed, but it's clear he had his own reasons.He felt that defending his title against less strong players was not satisfying to him and he wanted to focus on other goals like achieving a rating of 2900.His decision still doesn't change the fact that he is the best player in the world and he achieved that through hard work and talent.Magnus also proposed the idea of random chess and faster games to make the game more dynamic.His perspective is that the world championships have too many draws and he wants to create something more exciting and interesting.

    Taking Calculated Risks - The Key to Success!

    Taking risks can sometimes be a scary but rewarding experience.Risk taking can be a great way to learn and grow, especially when you're still young.Taking calculated risks with a clear end goal in mind can be a great decision.It's amazing to see how Alexandra decided to take a gap year and pursue streaming as a calculated risk and it worked out for her.Risk taking can be a great way to learn, grow and pursue things you're passionate about.It's important to remember that sometimes it's okay to take risks, as long as you have a plan.Just like playing chess, taking risks can be both a mental and physical challenge.

    Pushing Yourself to Achieve Personal Goals - Mindfully and Safely!

    Learning from the conversation, it is important to recognize when to push yourself to achieve personal goals, but it is also important to plan and be safe while doing so.From the story, Lex decided to challenge himself to do push-ups and pull-ups based on the amount of likes he got on a tweet.With the support of David Goggins, he was able to push himself further, but he got injured due to overuse.This teaches us that we should always be mindful of our limits and plan accordingly when taking on a challenge.

    Push Your Limits and Find Self-Discovery Through Chess

    The importance of pushing yourself to your limits was realized by Lex Fridman when he was counting pushups for himself.He took days off and worked for hours to reach a number.He was constantly questioning himself, but kept going and was proud to have achieved a goal.It was important to prove to himself that he could do it and he did not need to make it into content.He learned to appreciate the moment and find meaning in life, even if it is self imposed.Chess is also a part of this journey of self-discovery.It can be used to measure self-improvement and to understand oneself better.

    Uniting Through the Power of Love

    Love is an emotion that everyone can relate to.It is the basis for human connection, and can be felt for friends, family and even romantic partners.It is unique to humans, and is often the reason we want to share our experiences with others.Love can also be a source of motivation and strength, allowing us to do hard things, even when life feels meaningless.Love can bring us joy and fulfillment, and is ultimately a reminder of the beautiful things in our lives.

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    #428 – Sean Carroll: General Relativity, Quantum Mechanics, Black Holes & Aliens

    #428 – Sean Carroll: General Relativity, Quantum Mechanics, Black Holes & Aliens
    Sean Carroll is a theoretical physicist, author, and host of Mindscape podcast. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - HiddenLayer: https://hiddenlayer.com/lex - Cloaked: https://cloaked.com/lex and use code LexPod to get 25% off - Notion: https://notion.com/lex - Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get $1 per month trial - NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/sean-carroll-3-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Sean's Website: https://preposterousuniverse.com Mindscape Podcast: https://www.preposterousuniverse.com/podcast/ Sean's YouTube: https://youtube.com/@seancarroll Sean's Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/seanmcarroll Sean's Twitter: https://twitter.com/seanmcarroll Sean's Instagram: https://instagram.com/seanmcarroll Sean's Papers: https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=Lfifrv8AAAAJ Sean's Books: https://amzn.to/3W7yT9N PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (11:03) - General relativity (23:22) - Black holes (28:11) - Hawking radiation (32:19) - Aliens (41:15) - Holographic principle (1:05:38) - Dark energy (1:11:38) - Dark matter (1:20:34) - Quantum mechanics (1:41:56) - Simulation (1:44:18) - AGI (1:58:42) - Complexity (2:11:25) - Consciousness (2:20:32) - Naturalism (2:24:49) - Limits of science (2:29:34) - Mindscape podcast (2:39:29) - Einstein

    #427 – Neil Adams: Judo, Olympics, Winning, Losing, and the Champion Mindset

    #427 – Neil Adams: Judo, Olympics, Winning, Losing, and the Champion Mindset
    Neil Adams is a judo world champion, 2-time Olympic silver medalist, 5-time European champion, and often referred to as the Voice of Judo. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - ZipRecruiter: https://ziprecruiter.com/lex - Eight Sleep: https://eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings - MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lexpod to get 15% off - LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack - NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/neil-adams-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Neil's Instagram: https://instagram.com/naefighting Neil's YouTube: https://youtube.com/NAEffectiveFighting Neil's TikTok: https://tiktok.com/@neiladamsmbe Neil's Facebook: https://facebook.com/NeilAdamsJudo Neil's X: https://x.com/NeilAdamsJudo Neil's Website: https://naeffectivefighting.com Neil's Podcast: https://naeffectivefighting.com/podcasts/the-dojo-collective-podcast A Life in Judo (book): https://amzn.to/4d3DtfB A Game of Throws (audiobook): https://amzn.to/4aA2WeJ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (09:13) - 1980 Olympics (26:35) - Judo explained (34:40) - Winning (52:54) - 1984 Olympics (1:01:55) - Lessons from losing (1:17:37) - Teddy Riner (1:37:12) - Training in Japan (1:52:51) - Jiu jitsu (2:03:59) - Training (2:27:18) - Advice for beginners

    #426 – Edward Gibson: Human Language, Psycholinguistics, Syntax, Grammar & LLMs

    #426 – Edward Gibson: Human Language, Psycholinguistics, Syntax, Grammar & LLMs
    Edward Gibson is a psycholinguistics professor at MIT and heads the MIT Language Lab. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - Yahoo Finance: https://yahoofinance.com - Listening: https://listening.com/lex and use code LEX to get one month free - Policygenius: https://policygenius.com/lex - Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get $1 per month trial - Eight Sleep: https://eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/edward-gibson-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Edward's X: https://x.com/LanguageMIT TedLab: https://tedlab.mit.edu/ Edward's Google Scholar: https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=4FsWE64AAAAJ TedLab's YouTube: https://youtube.com/@Tedlab-MIT PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (10:53) - Human language (14:59) - Generalizations in language (20:46) - Dependency grammar (30:45) - Morphology (39:20) - Evolution of languages (42:40) - Noam Chomsky (1:26:46) - Thinking and language (1:40:16) - LLMs (1:53:14) - Center embedding (2:19:42) - Learning a new language (2:23:34) - Nature vs nurture (2:30:10) - Culture and language (2:44:38) - Universal language (2:49:01) - Language translation (2:52:16) - Animal communication

    #425 – Andrew Callaghan: Channel 5, Gonzo, QAnon, O-Block, Politics & Alex Jones

    #425 – Andrew Callaghan: Channel 5, Gonzo, QAnon, O-Block, Politics & Alex Jones
    Andrew Callaghan is the host of Channel 5 on YouTube, where he does street interviews with fascinating humans at the edges of society, the so-called vagrants, vagabonds, runaways, outlaws, from QAnon adherents to Phish heads to O Block residents and much more. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - ShipStation: https://shipstation.com/lex and use code LEX to get 60-day free trial - BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off - LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack - MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lexpod to get 15% off - AG1: https://drinkag1.com/lex to get 1 month supply of fish oil Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/andrew-callaghan-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Channel 5 with Andrew Callaghan: https://www.youtube.com/channel5YouTube Andrew's Instagram: https://instagram.com/andreww.me Andrew's Website: https://andrew-callaghan.com/ Andrew's Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/channel5 This Place Rules: https://www.hbo.com/movies/this-place-rules Books Mentioned: On the Road: https://amzn.to/4aLPLHi Siddhartha: https://amzn.to/49rthKz PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (08:53) - Walmart (10:24) - Early life (29:14) - Hitchhiking (40:49) - Couch surfing (49:50) - Quarter Confessions (1:07:33) - Burning Man (1:22:44) - Protests (1:28:17) - Jon Stewart (1:31:13) - Fame (1:44:31) - Jan 6 (1:48:15) - QAnon (1:54:00) - Alex Jones (2:10:52) - Politics (2:20:29) - Response to allegations (2:37:28) - Channel 5 (2:43:04) - Rap (2:44:51) - O Block (2:48:47) - Crip Mac (2:51:59) - Aliens

    #424 – Bassem Youssef: Israel-Palestine, Gaza, Hamas, Middle East, Satire & Fame

    #424 – Bassem Youssef: Israel-Palestine, Gaza, Hamas, Middle East, Satire & Fame
    Bassem Youssef is an Egyptian-American comedian & satirist, referred to as the Jon Stewart of the Arab World. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - AG1: https://drinkag1.com/lex to get 1 month supply of fish oil - Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get $1 per month trial - Eight Sleep: https://eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings - LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/bassem-youssef-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Bassem's X: https://x.com/Byoussef Bassem's Instagram: https://instagram.com/bassem Bassem's Facebook: https://facebook.com/bassemyousseftv Bassem's Website: https://bassemyoussef.xyz PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (06:30) - Oct 7 (36:59) - Two-state solution (52:37) - Holocaust (1:00:24) - 1948 (1:09:17) - Egypt (1:23:39) - Jon Stewart (1:25:51) - Going viral during the Arab Spring (1:49:55) - Arabic vs English (2:02:18) - Sam Harris and Jihad (2:07:25) - Religion (2:26:37) - TikTok (2:31:10) - Joe Rogan (2:33:07) - Joe Biden (2:37:33) - Putin (2:39:21) - War (2:44:17) - Hope

    #423 – Tulsi Gabbard: War, Politics, and the Military Industrial Complex

    #423 – Tulsi Gabbard: War, Politics, and the Military Industrial Complex
    Tulsi Gabbard is a politician, veteran, and author of For Love of Country. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - Riverside: https://creators.riverside.fm/LEX and use code LEX to get 30% off - ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod to get 3 months free - NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour - Notion: https://notion.com/lex Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/tulsi-gabbard-transcript EPISODE LINKS: For Love of Country (book): https://amzn.to/3VLlofM Tulsi's X: https://x.com/tulsigabbard Tulsi's YouTube: https://youtube.com/@TulsiGabbard Tulsi's Podcast: https://youtube.com/@TheTulsiGabbardShow Tulsi's Instagram: https://instagram.com/tulsigabbard Tulsi's Facebook: https://facebook.com/TulsiGabbard Tulsi's Website: https://tulsigabbard.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (07:14) - War in Iraq (15:00) - Battle injuries and PTSD (22:10) - War on terrorism (30:51) - War in Gaza (34:52) - War in Ukraine (38:38) - Syria (46:20) - Warmongers (55:40) - Nuclear war (1:11:08) - TikTok ban (1:23:13) - Bernie Sanders (1:28:08) - Politics (1:46:59) - Personal attacks (1:49:07) - God

    #422 – Mark Cuban: Shark Tank, DEI & Wokeism Debate, Elon Musk, Politics & Drugs

    #422 – Mark Cuban: Shark Tank, DEI & Wokeism Debate, Elon Musk, Politics & Drugs
    Mark Cuban is a businessman, investor, star of TV series Shark Tank, long-time principal owner of Dallas Mavericks, and founder of Cost Plus Drugs. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - Listening: https://listening.com/lex and use code LEX to get one month free - Cloaked: https://cloaked.com/lex and use code LexPod to get 25% off - Notion: https://notion.com/lex - Eight Sleep: https://eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings - Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get $1 per month trial Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/mark-cuban-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Mark's X: https://twitter.com/mcuban Mark's Instagram: https://instagram.com/mcuban Cost Plus Drugs: https://costplusdrugs.com Shark Tank: https://abc.com/shows/shark-tank Dallas Mavericks: https://www.mavs.com PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (11:10) - Entrepreneurship (26:03) - Shark Tank (36:29) - How Mark made first billion (1:02:39) - Dallas Mavericks (1:08:05) - DEI debate (1:43:58) - Trump vs Biden (1:46:20) - Immigration (1:55:53) - Drugs and Big Pharma (2:11:53) - AI (2:16:05) - Advice for young people

    #421 – Dana White: UFC, Fighting, Khabib, Conor, Tyson, Ali, Rogan, Elon & Zuck

    #421 – Dana White: UFC, Fighting, Khabib, Conor, Tyson, Ali, Rogan, Elon & Zuck
    Dana White is the CEO and president of the UFC. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack - Notion: https://notion.com/lex - AG1: https://drinkag1.com/lex to get 1 month supply of fish oil - InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/dana-white-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Dana's X: https://x.com/danawhite Dana's Instagram: https://instagram.com/danawhite Dana's Facebook: https://facebook.com/danawhite UFC's YouTube: https://youtube.com/@UFC UFC's Website: https://ufc.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (06:31) - Mike Tyson and early days of fighting (17:10) - Jiu jitsu (23:14) - Origin of UFC (37:25) - Joe Rogan (43:31) - Lorenzo Fertitta (45:58) - Great fighters (49:55) - Khabib vs Conor (53:01) - Jon Jones (56:03) - Conor McGregor (1:01:05) - Trump (1:06:44) - Elon vs Zuck (1:08:04) - Mike Tyson vs Jake Paul (1:10:52) - Forrest Griffin vs Stephan Bonnar (1:18:06) - Gambling (1:33:08) - Mortality

    #420 – Annie Jacobsen: Nuclear War, CIA, KGB, Aliens, Area 51, Roswell & Secrecy

    #420 – Annie Jacobsen: Nuclear War, CIA, KGB, Aliens, Area 51, Roswell & Secrecy
    Annie Jacobsen is an investigative journalist and author of "Nuclear War: A Scenario" and many other books on war, weapons, government secrecy, and national security. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - HiddenLayer: https://hiddenlayer.com/lex - BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off - Policygenius: https://policygenius.com/lex - NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/annie-jacobsen-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Nuclear War: A Scenario (book): https://amzn.to/3THZHfr Annie's Twitter: https://twitter.com/anniejacobsen Annie's Website: https://anniejacobsen.com/ Annie's Books: https://amzn.to/3TGWyMJ Annie's Books (audio): https://adbl.co/49ZnI7c PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (07:37) - Nuclear war (12:21) - Launch procedure (18:00) - Deterrence (21:34) - Tactical nukes (30:59) - Nuclear submarines (33:59) - Nuclear missiles (41:10) - Nuclear football (50:17) - Missile interceptor system (54:34) - North Korea (1:01:10) - Nuclear war scenarios (1:10:02) - Warmongers (1:14:31) - President's cognitive ability (1:20:43) - Refusing orders (1:28:41) - Russia and Putin (1:33:48) - Cyberattack (1:35:09) - Ground zero of nuclear war (1:39:48) - Surviving nuclear war (1:44:06) - Nuclear winter (1:54:29) - Alien civilizations (2:00:04) - Extrasensory perception (2:13:50) - Area 51 (2:17:48) - UFOs and aliens (2:28:15) - Roswell incident (2:34:55) - CIA assassinations (2:53:47) - Navalny (2:56:12) - KGB (3:02:48) - Hitler and the atomic bomb (3:06:52) - War and human nature (3:10:17) - Hope