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    #276 – Michael Saylor: Bitcoin, Inflation, and the Future of Money

    Technology can make education accessible to everyone, anywhere, and at no cost, allowing for infinite opportunities to learn and accelerate scientific discovery and development.

    enApril 14, 2022

    About this Episode

    Michael Saylor is the CEO of MicroStrategy and a prominent holder and proponent of Bitcoin. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - Scale: https://scale.com/lex - Coinbase: https://coinbase.com/lex to get $10 in free Bitcoin - Audible: https://audible.com/lex to get $9.95 a month for 6 months - NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour - SimpliSafe: https://simplisafe.com/lex and use code LEX EPISODE LINKS: Michael's Twitter: https://twitter.com/saylor MicroStrategy: https://microstrategy.com/ Michael's Book: https://amzn.to/37J2iA0 Book mentioned: https://amzn.to/3jwsIaP PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (07:09) - Grading our understanding (19:27) - Inflation (39:03) - Government (1:00:13) - War and power (1:11:23) - Dematerializing information (1:42:45) - Digital energy and assets (1:54:23) - Oil barrel vs Bitcoin (2:03:43) - Layers of Bitcoin (2:20:53) - Bitcoin's role during wartime (2:25:37) - Jack Dorsey (2:41:58) - Bitcoin conflict of interest (2:48:39) - Satoshi Nakamoto (2:54:04) - Volatility (3:06:30) - Bitcoin price (3:18:46) - Twitter verification (3:27:42) - Second best crypto (3:33:24) - Dogecoin (3:37:57) - Elon Musk (3:43:26) - Advice for young people (3:54:54) - Mortality (3:57:59) - Meaning of life

    🔑 Key Takeaways

    • Despite political and philosophical contributions, science and engineering advancements have had the greatest impact on improving the human condition according to Michael Sailor.
    • Michael Saylor believes that economics can be better understood by using multidimensional, non-linear models like computational fluid dynamics and system dynamics. He suggests embracing the full complexity of variables to make scientific progress and improve economic models.
    • Inflation is not a simple one-dimensional concept, but rather requires analysis of various factors over time and location. Machine learning can help identify key patterns and fundamental aspects, while avoiding manipulation from synthetic metrics.
    • Inflation can harm the working class by transferring wealth and power to the property class and government. Assets like stocks, bonds, and Bitcoin can protect against inflation. The true impact of inflation is often understated by governments and economists.
    • Money supply expansion can create inefficiencies in society and lead to a closed system, causing problems in the economy. Property is a more stable investment option as compared to currency during times of inflation.
    • Government policies interfere with the free market and lead to less efficiency and higher costs. Properties make better stores of value than mediums of exchange. Humility and understanding limitations are essential when pursuing policies.
    • Saylor believes that the best government is the least, and that the modern understanding of economics and money is flawed, leading to issues like inflation. He argues for the introduction of engineering and science techniques in economics, and warns against government policies that expand currency supply and lead to currency collapse. Additionally, he highlights the importance of the crypto economy, which has a velocity of money 10,000 times faster than the consumer economy.
    • Money moves through the economy at different rates depending on the investment type, and inflation is often misunderstood by politicians and economists. This lack of understanding can lead to flawed narratives and negative impacts on households.
    • Inflation may seem like a helpful tool for boosting the economy, but it can have disastrous consequences. Our ability to engineer and harness energy is essential for creating a better world and improving the human condition.
    • Power has always been essential to human society, and technology has been a tool to project that power. In the digital age, cyber power has become essential, and those who reject it are at a disadvantage.
    • The dematerialization of information through digital transformation is revolutionizing the way we access knowledge, leading to an explosion of prosperity and productivity. Its positive impact on human civilization should not be underestimated.
    • Technology can make education accessible to everyone, anywhere, and at no cost, allowing for infinite opportunities to learn and accelerate scientific discovery and development.
    • Saylor advocates for innovation and specialization to overcome current limits, making technology more efficient and freeing individuals to focus on other pursuits. However, he notes some fields have hit fundamental walls due to material limitations.
    • Identifying the new S-curve of innovation early is crucial for success in digital transformation. The four key components driving digital transformation are radio and mobile protocols, batteries, and displays. It's important to remain humble and creative, always thinking outside the box.
    • Digital Transformation can enhance the power of social media, increase available resources, and transform civilization through imagination and fantasy in engineering. Its exact impact is still evolving.
    • Michael Saylor proposes funding digital education with 1% of the Department of Education's budget, unlocking opportunities worth trillions of dollars. Bitcoin is an example of digital energy with immense potential for the future.
    • Common property elements are different from securities. To maintain an ethical crypto network, it must be open and permissionless, free from government and corporate control. Bitcoin's non-sovereign status makes it an ethical property. Public figures endorsing securities creates conflicts of interest.
    • Bitcoin's private key system makes it difficult to confiscate, making it a more secure form of digital property compared to traditional securities. To build a better world with digital energy, constructing digital property is a better option than relying on regulated securities.
    • Real estate transactions have a lower frequency than regular currency transfers. Bitcoin is revolutionary as it's the first time digital property has been created as a bearer instrument with final settlement, creating a global and permissionless financial system.
    • Blockchain technology has different layers, with Bitcoin serving as the foundation. Higher layers allow for more transactions and faster movement of Bitcoin, but competition among open protocols ensures diversity and decentralization.
    • Bitcoin's layer three architecture allows for easy acquisition and withdrawal of assets from exchanges and custodians, providing greater optionality and reducing concerns about corruption. Companies can use layered architecture to enhance complexity, compliance, and customer service whilst preserving individual control and ownership.
    • The Lightning Network, a layer on top of Bitcoin, provides a more efficient and cost-effective way of moving money. With its potential to facilitate transactions during wars or humanitarian crises, lightning adoption is a crucial step towards a global financial revolution.
    • Bitcoin and Lightning technology can provide financial freedom and property rights to billions of unbanked people worldwide, offering a solution for those without hope for a better future. Its adoption has the potential to be a game-changer for regular people struggling to make ends meet.
    • Bitcoin allows for perpetuation of software programs, trading across the world friction-free with lightning protocol. Michael Saylor believes Bitcoin and lightning protocol can put freedom and orbit into action, while acknowledging ethical issues around securities laws.
    • It is ethical to create securities in the cryptocurrency industry, but misrepresentation and promotion of these securities can be unethical. Building applications on top of Bitcoin can have real-world value.
    • Bitcoin is a decentralized system and its success relies on maintaining an idea without significant changes. It is not controlled by any one person, and the founder's anonymity and disappearance are crucial to its integrity.
    • Bitcoin's lack of corporate sponsorship and fair distribution sets it apart as common digital property. Despite volatility, its reliable engineering and cryptography build confidence in its future as a potential trillion-dollar entity.
    • Bitcoin's legitimacy as property and tax treatment has made it attractive to institutional investors. Publicly traded companies are now holding Bitcoin on their balance sheets, and sovereign wealth funds may become involved in large acquisitions, potentially generating trillions of dollars in value.
    • Cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin offer individuals a way to safeguard their assets, invest in digital assets, and potentially earn massive returns. As awareness grows, demand for stable coins and self custody of assets will likely continue to rise.
    • Michael Saylor believes that Bitcoin's market cap could eventually reach astounding heights and replace traditional financial instruments. Moreover, the potential of dematerialized digital property could usher in a new era of global property ownership and mortgage.
    • The future of the crypto-based economy depends on centralized applications like Binance, FTX, and Coinbase to offer better services and attract capital flow. High-speed Bitcoin transactions could introduce conservation of energy, solve product defects, and reduce scams in cyberspace.
    • Michael Saylor suggests a $10 security deposit to show creditworthiness and responsibility and the use of Bitcoin to eliminate doxing and expensive credit card transactions. Introducing consequences for malicious bots can help eliminate friction and bring truth to online interactions.
    • Michael Saylor advocates for using digital assets like Bitcoin for safe browsing across platforms. High-speed transaction networks like Lightning are needed for this, and stable coins have a potential market value of $1-10 trillion.
    • When considering investing in cryptocurrencies, it is important to carefully evaluate the potential risks, including regulation, security, and ethical concerns. Diversifying investments into real estate, collectibles, and Bitcoin can provide long-term savings options. Trading is best left to proprietary ventures, while good companies and private businesses can present investment opportunities.
    • Bitcoin is a safer investment option than other cryptocurrencies due to its competition, ambition, and regulation regulations. Educating people about its benefits can help reduce fear, uncertainty, and doubt while building applications on top of it can improve its sustainability.
    • Focus on training both mind and body, prioritize time to avoid distractions, and communicate goals clearly to avoid becoming overwhelmed. Education is valuable, but consider the cost.
    • To succeed in the digital realm, focus on your passion and become a specialist. Automation is squeezing out smaller players, so think about the evolution of your field and remain relevant by maintaining trust and consistency.
    • Specialization can lead to enhanced knowledge, authenticity and genuine ideas are more attractive to audiences, immortality can apply to ideas and institutions, and engineers are motivated by functionality and beauty.
    • We have a duty to acknowledge and honor the struggles of those before us and work towards fixing the problems of today. We should use our capabilities to improve the world for ourselves and loved ones.

    📝 Podcast Summary

    Michael Sailor on the importance of science and engineering advancements over economics

    In an interview with Lex Fridman, Michael Saylor discusses his belief that humans have made great strides in engineering and hard sciences, but have only achieved a passing grade. In contrast, Saylor believes that humans have only achieved a D- or F+ in economics. He points out that despite centuries of political and philosophical contributions, it is difficult to discern which had a positive impact on the human condition. Saylor argues that the contributions of individuals like Rockefeller and Tesla, who have delivered oil and electricity respectively, have made a far greater impact. Ultimately, it is advancements in science and engineering that have had the greatest impact on improving the human condition.

    Using Technology to Improve Economics

    Michael Saylor, an American entrepreneur and CEO of MicroStrategy, explains how technology has transformed human life from a brutal existence with a life expectancy of 30 years to a world where life expectancy is 80 years. However, he criticizes the economic models used by most economists, claiming that they are based on simple arithmetic and ignore non-linear dynamics. He asserts that computational fluid dynamics and system dynamics offer a better approach to modeling the economy, which requires a multidimensional, non-linear approach. Saylor believes that we need to apply more computationally intensive and richer forms of mathematics to make scientific progress in economics. He suggests using simulation and embracing the full complexity of how these variables interact to understand economics better.

    Understanding Inflation through Patterns and Machine Learning

    Inflation is a complex economic phenomenon that cannot be reduced to a single number. Instead, patterns need to be identified by looking at a whole range of data over time and across different geographical regions. Machine learning can be used to efficiently represent these patterns through compressed models that capture fundamental aspects of what is happening. Mainstream economic thinking uses synthetic metrics, such as the government-issued CPI or PPI, which allows for manipulation by those in power. Economists should focus on the fundamental idea of inflation as the rate at which prices of things go up and avoid being captured by conventional thinking.

    The Impact of Inflation on Wealth, Power, and the Working Class

    Inflation is a significant problem that can lead to a shifting of wealth from the working class to the property class and a transfer of power from the people to the government. Assets such as stocks, bonds, and Bitcoin cannot be inflated and provide a hedge against inflation. Over the past 92 years, the US housing market has seen a 305-fold increase in price, indicating an inflation rate of about 6.5% per year, which is much higher than the conventional 2% target. However, mainstream economists and governments do not disclose the real inflation rate and its impact on the working class, leading to understatement of human misery.

    The Impact of Money Supply Expansion on the Economy

    When an investor thinks they're getting a 10% return on their stocks, they're really only getting a 2-3% gain at best. The expansion of the money supply is to blame, and it creates inefficiencies in society. When money flows into property, it's more likely to hold its value than when it flows into currency. The expansion of the currency creates a massive inefficiency in the society, and it's like bleeding civilization to death. If you inflate the money supply by 6%, it sucks 6% of the energy out of the fluid that the economy is using to function. This leads to a closed system and causes a lot of problems in the economy.

    The Problems with Government Policies and Properties as Mediums of Exchange

    Michael Saylor explains that properties are not good mediums of exchange but make better stores of value. Governments and economists are generally well-intentioned, but all policies interfere with the free market and generally prevent rational actors from achieving cheaper and more efficient ways of doing things. When policymakers layer policies on top of each other, they all have to be paid for, which makes everything less efficient and more expensive. As the ambition of the government expands, so must the currency supply, but this leads to rapid price increases for all scarce and desirable things, causing a collapse in the confidence of institutions, corporations, and individual actors. It is essential to have humility and understand limitations when pursuing policies.

    Michael Saylor on the Best Form of Government and the Flawed Understanding of Money

    During a conversation about the best form of government, Michael Saylor suggests that the best government is the least. He goes on to explain that a major problem with our current civilization is the flawed understanding of economics and money, which leads to inflation. Saylor argues that we need to introduce engineering and science techniques into economics to further the human condition. He also points out that most government policies will do more harm than good, and they will unintentionally pay for it by expanding the currency supply, which leads to a collapse of their own currencies. Saylor concludes that the velocity of money through the crypto economy is 10,000 times faster than the velocity of money through the consumer economy.

    Understanding Money Velocity and Inflation

    Money velocity, or the rate at which money moves through the economy, varies depending on the type of investment. Gold has a velocity of 0.1, while the stock market can achieve a velocity of 100 through daily trading and leverage. Cryptocurrency can have a velocity of 7,000 with daily settlement and offshore trading with high leverage. Politicians and economists often misunderstand inflation and its impact on households. Inflation, defined as the change in the price of every product, service, and asset in the world over time, can be misrepresented as positive when it is actually negative. A lack of understanding of inflation and the dynamics of the economic system can lead to flawed narratives.

    The Harmful Effects of Inflation and the Importance of Energy and Engineering in Human Flourishing

    Inflation, which is often seen as a harmless economic tool to help boost the economy, can actually be incredibly harmful. When a currency loses value, it's like bleeding out the economy, and if not stopped, can lead to disastrous consequences. Human civilization has been built on our ability to engineer and harness energy to make the world a better place. The rise in human condition is determined by those civilizations that were best at harnessing energy. In order for human flourishing to occur, we must continue to channel energy and advance our engineering skills in order to create a better world.

    The Evolution of Power and its Connection to Technology

    The conversation revolves around the concept of power - how it has evolved over time, and the impact technology has had on its distribution. Michael Saylor and Lex Fridman talk about how the most organized society usually wins, and how humanity has always been trying to find ways to project their power through technology. They discuss various forms of power, from violence to energy, and how the winner is always the most powerful. In today's world, digital and cyber power have become essential, and those who reject them are penalized. Overall, the conversation highlights the connection between power, technology, and the ever-evolving human condition.

    The Potential Impact of Digital Transformation on Human Civilization

    The human mind and governments tend to stick with old ideas even when new, better ones come along. This is how empires collapse. However, the digital age is changing the game. Digital transformation is dematerializing books, music, education, and entertainment into bits of information that can be delivered to billions of people for minimal electricity. This explosion in prosperity and productivity created by digital transformation has generally positive first-order consequences for the human race. Giving access to free education and knowledge to anyone with an internet connection, such as the Sailor Academy, is a prime example of this impact. The value of the impact of digital transformation cannot be underestimated in its potential to improve human civilization.

    The Case for Dematerializing Education

    Michael Saylor discusses the need for advanced education to make breakthroughs in fields such as cancer research and space exploration. However, he highlights the limitation of traditional education, which is expensive, inefficient, and restricted by physical boundaries. Saylor proposes dematerializing education and making it digitally accessible to anyone, anywhere, and at no cost. He argues that technology can create simulations and allow for infinite education in fields such as science, technology, engineering, and math. By doing so, Saylor believes that we can bring enlightenment, joy, and progress to the world, and accelerate the pace of scientific discovery and development.

    Michael Saylor on Technological Advances and Specialization

    Michael Saylor discusses the potential for technological advances, citing the exponential growth of the digital world and the possibility of dematerializing the human brain for space travel. He also emphasizes the importance of specialization in solving complex problems, and how technology can improve efficiency and free up time for individuals to focus on other pursuits. However, he notes that certain fields, such as aeronautical engineering, have hit fundamental walls that have not been surpassed in decades, citing the reliance on key materials such as aluminum as a key factor in technological advancement. Overall, Saylor encourages the pursuit of technological advances and specialization, as well as the exploration of new materials to overcome current limitations.

    The S-Curve of Innovation and Digital Transformation

    Innovation follows an S-curve, where the initial growth is slow but then reaches a tipping point where it rapidly increases. However, it eventually hits a limit and slows down. The key is to find the new S-curve early and capitalize on it. The four key components driving digital transformation are radio protocols, mobile protocols, batteries, and displays. The creation of the iPhone catalyzed the mobile revolution, but it's important to stay humble and realize that no one knows when the S-curve will kick off or when it will end. The digital transformations themselves call for creativity, and it's important to think outside the box and like a fantasy writer to achieve success.

    The Power of Digital Transformation in Engineering and Information

    Michael Saylor, CEO of MicroStrategy, discusses the importance of imagination and fantasy in engineering, and how digital transformation of maps can lead to self-driving cars. He emphasizes the significance of digital transformation of information, such as in social media, and how it can increase the net energy and resources available for advanced scientific and mathematical endeavors. Saylor suggests that something as simple as Twitter could be made 10 times more valuable, and that digital transformation holds the key to massive, profound civilization advances. Ultimately, the digital transformation of information has the potential to transform our lives, but our understanding of its exact effects is still evolving.

    The Potential of Digital Education & Bitcoin as Digital Energy

    Michael Saylor suggests that the United States government could pour 1% of the money they spend on the Department of Education into digital education and provide a hundred times more education at a fraction of the cost. However, the challenge lies in marketing and politics. Pursuing practical objectives can lead to a profound impact on human civilization, and the digital realm presents opportunities worth trillions of dollars. Digital energy is a paradigm shift that can make the entire civilization work dramatically better. Understanding the universe in terms of energy, vibration, and frequency leads to thinking about digital energy and its importance. Bitcoin is a manifestation of digital energy, a crypto asset network that aims to create a billion-dollar block of pure energy in cyberspace with property value.

    Ethical Considerations for Crypto Tokens and Securities

    Common property elements, such as oil and wood, are naturally occurring and not controlled by any one entity or government. However, securities such as stocks and crypto tokens are controlled by a small group of people and must be sold ethically with fair disclosures. When public figures endorse securities, they create conflicts of interest which are unethical. To create an ethical crypto network, it must be open, permissionless, and not controlled by any government or corporation. This is why Bitcoin is special, as it is a non-sovereign bearer instrument that is open and permissionless, making it an ethical property.

    The Ethical Advantages of Digital Property with Bitcoin

    Bitcoin is the most difficult property to confiscate according to Michael Saylor, CEO of MicroStrategy. This is because Bitcoin is a digital property that can only be taken with private keys, which are harder to access than physical possessions like a car or a barrel of oil. Saylor believes that digital property in the form of private keys is the most ethical form of property as it cannot be changed or altered, unlike securities like microstrategy stock. To build a better world based on digital energy, Saylor suggests starting with constructing digital property, rather than relying on traditional securities which are subject to regulations and can be easily confiscated.

    The Low-Frequency Nature of Property and the Singularity of Bitcoin

    In this section, Michael Saylor discusses the concept of property as low-frequency money, which can be converted to structures like houses and sold for currency at a later time. He explains that the frequency of transactions in real estate is much lower than that of regular currency transfers, which vibrate on a higher frequency. He then describes Bitcoin as a singularity in the history of human race, as it represents the first time that digital property has been created as a bearer instrument with final settlement and in the internet domain, creating a revolutionary breakthrough of an ethical common property, global, and permissionless financial system.

    The Different Layers of Blockchain Technology Explained

    In this conversation between Lex Fridman and Michael Saylor, they discuss the concept of layer technology in the blockchain world. Layer 1 is the foundation of the entire cyber economy, which is Bitcoin. Layer 2 technologies exist on top of the blockchain and allow for a larger number of transactions, such as the Lightning Network. Layer 3 is a custodial layer where people can move Bitcoin in milliseconds for free through platforms like Binance and Coinbase. While there may be monopolization possibilities at layer 3, there are also many layer 2 technologies and open protocols that can compete for market share, making the space more diverse and decentralized.

    The Benefits of Bitcoin as Digital Property

    One of the key advantages of Bitcoin as a form of digital property is the ability to withdraw it from exchanges and custodians, which allows for greater optionality and eases concerns about corruption. While traditional forms of property, such as real estate and securities, cannot be easily moved or taken off an exchange, Bitcoin's layer three allows for easy acquisition and withdrawal of assets. In addition, the layered architecture of Bitcoin, with its different oscillations, allows for companies to play a role in implementing complexity, compliance, and customer service, while also allowing for individual control and ownership of assets.

    The Lightning Network: A Cheaper, Faster, and More Efficient Way of Moving Money

    Bitcoin and its lightning network have the potential to create more efficiency and fewer frictions in the economy. Proprietary layers like layer three can give some companies advantages over others that do not incorporate lightning. It is difficult to trade with other companies or counterparts in different countries due to banking, credit card level, and compliance FCPA law restrictions. However, the lightning economy allows for a million times cheaper, less frictional, and faster movement of money. In war zones, people can spin up their own compliant or non-compliant payment applications. The adoption of lightning is still very early in its embryonic stage, and it has the potential to help people move money during wars or humanitarian crises.

    Bitcoin: Empowering the Unbanked

    Bitcoin is an instrument of economic empowerment for billions of unbanked people worldwide; Jack Dorsey, CEO of Cash App, is a proponent of incorporating Bitcoin and Lightning technology into products to provide financial freedom. Lack of property rights and functional currency leave many people worldwide without hope for a better future. Bitcoin offers a solution, providing an engineered monetary asset that is a bearer instrument and a bank on mobile phones, all with no need to trust governments or other parties. Adoption of Bitcoin will be a game-changer for regular people who struggle to make day-by-day living.

    Creating Something Beautiful and Lasting with Bitcoin

    Michael Saylor discusses the possibility of perpetuating a software program and creating something beautiful and lasting with digital property like Bitcoin. He explains that institutions like Harvard, Cambridge, and Stanford have endowments that go on in perpetuity, whereas Bitcoin allows for perpetuating software programs. He emphasizes the difference in speed and efficiency between trading with everybody in the world at the speed of light friction-free and spending a hundred billion dollars to trade with a few million people in the world that takes them six months of application. He believes that freedom and orbit can be put into action with Bitcoin and the lightning protocol, which are both permissionless and open. He touches on the differences between web 3 and Bitcoin and mentions the ethical issues surrounding securities laws violations.

    The Complexity of Securities Law and Ethics in Cryptocurrency

    The debate around securities law and ethics in the cryptocurrency world is a complex one. Michael Saylor and Lex Fridman discuss the importance of disclosure and avoiding conflicts of interest when promoting digital assets. Saylor emphasizes that creating securities is ethical, but it's the misrepresentation and promotion of these securities that can be unethical. He also believes that promoting a decentralized property or asset that one does not control is different from promoting a proprietary security. Additionally, Saylor argues that a focus on creating multiple, competing digital properties is a diversion of human creativity when building applications on top of Bitcoin could create significant real-world value.

    Is Bitcoin Property? The Argument for Decentralization and Founder Anonymity

    The discussion revolves around understanding whether Bitcoin is a property or not. Michael Saylor argues it's not a conflict of interest for him to promote Bitcoin because he doesn't control it, and he cannot print more Bitcoin. Lex Fridman adds that owning Bitcoin is like being a fan of an idea, and the lack of control is the central ethical line that cannot be crossed. They also discuss the importance of decentralization and maintaining a simple idea, with no significant changes for a long time, to keep the system secure. Finally, they discuss the founder's anonymity and disappearance being essential for Bitcoin's success.

    The Unique Aspects of Bitcoin and Its Future Potential

    Bitcoin's unique characteristics, including lack of movement of Satoshi coins, absence of an initial coin offering, and absence of corporate sponsorship, add up to the creation of common digital property. The simplicity of the protocol and the outcome of the block size wars also contribute to making Bitcoin property rather than security. The absence of a powerful, interested actor ensures a fair launch and distribution. While Bitcoin has experienced volatility along the way, the risk has never been lower, with the engineering protocol and cryptography proving reliable thus far. As Bitcoin approaches trillion-dollar status, it becomes a bigger target, but its resilience thus far inspires confidence in its future.

    Institutional Adoption of Bitcoin: Challenges and Opportunities

    Bitcoin has faced many challenges, including potential government bans and the proliferation of thousands of copycats. However, it has been legitimized as property and given tax treatment, making it an attractive investment for institutions. Year one of institutional adoption began in August 2020, when micro strategy purchased $250 million worth of Bitcoin. Year two is characterized by a rotation from entrepreneurs to institutions, with over 36 publicly traded companies holding Bitcoin on their balance sheets. While government adoption is not necessary for Bitcoin's success, sovereign wealth funds may become involved in large acquisitions of Bitcoin as a digital gold. The potential for governments to adopt Bitcoin as a treasury reserve asset could generate trillions of dollars of value.

    The Rise of Cryptocurrencies in the Turbulent Global Economy

    The current global climate of political and economic instability, along with inflation and property rights concerns, is causing people to seek alternative financial solutions. Cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin offer a way for individuals to convert weak currencies and properties into strong ones, maintain self custody of their assets, and even invest in digital assets with lower maintenance costs. The volatility of Bitcoin may actually attract more capital into the market due to its potential for massive yields and returns. As more people become educated on the benefits of cryptocurrencies, it's likely that the demand for stable coins and self custody of assets will continue to rise.

    Michael Saylor Predicts Bitcoin Could Reach $100 Trillion Market Cap and Replace Bonds and Currency Derivatives

    According to Michael Saylor, Bitcoin is like digital gold and its market cap could reach $10-20 trillion, and even up to $100 trillion as people start to see it as digital property. He believes that the volatility of Bitcoin is decreasing and stabilizing, and there won't be as much volatility in the future as in the past. Saylor also discusses the potential benefits of dematerialized digital property, which could dramatically increase rent and income while reducing maintenance costs. This could lead to a new era of global property ownership and mortgage, and potentially replace bonds and currency derivatives. Innovative layer two and three technologies can make these ideas more efficient and user-friendly for humans.

    Centralized Applications and Bitcoin: The Future of a Crypto-Based Economy

    The future of a crypto-based economy will rely on centralized applications such as Binance, FTX, and Coinbase to provide yield, loans, and comply with regulatory requirements. Despite being a global market, companies anywhere in the world can offer better services and attract capital flow. However, there are flaws in the current cyberspace, such as spam, phishing attacks, and scams, as they lack conservation of energy. High-speed digital property, such as Bitcoin, can introduce conservation of energy and solve product defects and moral hazards. High-speed Bitcoin transactions could potentially allow Twitter users to post a thousand or 10,000 Satoshis via lightning wallet or a lightening badge, giving them an orange checkmark, introducing friction in cyberspace.

    Michael Saylor Proposes an Orange Check Verification System for Social Media.

    Michael Saylor and Lex Fridman discuss Twitter's blue check verification system and propose the idea of an orange check for everyone. Saylor suggests a $10 security deposit to show creditworthiness and responsibility, allowing verified users to lock out all unverified followers and monetize their content. He also proposes consequences for malicious bots, such as seizing their deposit and giving it to the platform and reporter. Using Bitcoin for the deposit can eliminate the need for doxing and expensive credit card transactions. Introducing consequences and conservation of energy in cyberspace can help eliminate friction and bring truth to online interactions.

    Michael Saylor on the Potential of Digital Assets and Payment Rails Efficiency

    Michael Saylor highlights the potential of using digital assets like Bitcoin as a means of safe passage through cyberspace, enabling friction-free browsing across different platforms. However, previous conventional payment rails only accounted for 10% efficiency. To enable a safe passage, users need to deposit assets like Satoshis to prove their authenticity, which is possible with high-speed transaction networks like Lightning. While Bitcoin is the king of crypto property, stable dollars and checking accounts are the future of cryptocurrencies. Etherum may compete with other crypto platforms like Salon and Binance, but stable coins have a potential market value of $1-10 trillion.

    Assessing Risks and Opportunities in Cryptocurrencies

    In considering cryptocurrencies, it's important to assess the regulatory risk, competitive risk, speed and performance, security risk, and marketing risk. The regulatory treatment of cryptocurrencies, securities, and platforms remains uncertain and will likely depend on the actions of regulators in the near future. While community sentiments and memes can captivate people, it's important to consider ethical and securities liabilities. For long-term savings, a diverse portfolio of real estate, scarce collectibles, and Bitcoin are viable options. Investment opportunities include good companies and private businesses, while trading is best left to proprietary ventures.

    The Benefits of Bitcoin and Why It's an Institutional-Grade Investment.

    The speaker, Michael Saylor, believes that Bitcoin is an institutional-grade investment asset for public companies, investors, and anyone who is risk-averse. He considers the other cryptocurrencies to be more like venture capital investments that are orders of magnitude riskier than Bitcoin due to competition, ambition, and regulation. Furthermore, he states that meme coins and meme stocks are pure speculation and just like betting on sports teams or horses. To curb the fear, uncertainty, and doubt surrounding Bitcoin in the market, Saylor advocates for educating people about the digital currency's benefits, such as energy efficiency and sustainability, and building crypto applications on top of Bitcoin.

    Michael Saylor talks about Bitcoin, self-criticism in the community, and advice for young people.

    In a podcast discussion between Lex Fridman and Michael Saylor, they talk about the emotional ties to Bitcoin and how the community tends to criticize itself too much instead of recognizing the support from people like Elon Musk. Saylor gives advice to young people to focus their energy, train their mind and body, think for themselves, and prioritize their time to guard against distractions in a world with too much of everything. He emphasizes the importance of being clear about what one wants to achieve, and communicating it to others, to avoid becoming overwhelmed with distractions. Saylor also touches on the value of education, but notes that it may not be worth the cost in certain circumstances.

    The Importance of Being a Specialist in the Digital World

    The world wants specialists, not generalists. In a digital realm, being a specialist can lead to huge followings and success, while being a generalist can be punishing. The internet rewards consistency and reliability, and the algorithms favor focused messages. It's essential to figure out what you're passionate about and focus on it, especially if the thing you're doing can be automated. The automation of certain fields is squeezing out smaller players, and it's important to think about where your field or discipline is evolving and remain relevant. Trust and consistency are crucial, and it's vital to respect people's time who give you their attention.

    The Power of Specialization, Authenticity, Mortality, and the Meaning of Life

    The conversation covers multiple topics like specialization, authenticity, mortality, and the meaning of life. The speakers discuss how specialization can enhance knowledge and empower individuals. They also talk about how authentic ideas and specialists gain more audiences than commercial shows. Additionally, they discuss how immortality applies to ideas or institutions rather than just biological entities. Finally, they mention that engineers are motivated by creating something that is both functional and beautiful, which satisfies their ethical principles as well as their entertainment needs.

    The Responsibility and Gift of Being Human

    We, as humans, have been given a great gift and responsibility by those who came before us. We should admire and respect the struggles they endured for us to be here, and it is our duty to fix the problems in front of us. For Michael Saylor, this means fixing the energy and financial systems, while for others like Ilan Musk, it means getting humanity off the planet. Regardless of the individual goal, the underlying message is clear: we should use our capabilities to make the world a better place for ourselves and those we love.

    Recent Episodes from Lex Fridman Podcast

    #429 – Paul Rosolie: Jungle, Apex Predators, Aliens, Uncontacted Tribes, and God

    #429 – Paul Rosolie: Jungle, Apex Predators, Aliens, Uncontacted Tribes, and God
    Paul Rosolie is a naturalist, explorer, author, and founder of Junglekeepers, dedicating his life to protecting the Amazon rainforest. Support his efforts at https://junglekeepers.org Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - ShipStation: https://shipstation.com/lex and use code LEX to get 60-day free trial - Yahoo Finance: https://yahoofinance.com - BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off - NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour - Eight Sleep: https://eightsleep.com/lex to get $350 off - Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get $1 per month trial Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/paul-rosolie-2-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Paul's Instagram: https://instagram.com/paulrosolie Junglekeepers: https://junglekeepers.org Paul's Website: https://paulrosolie.com Mother of God (book): https://amzn.to/3ww2ob1 PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (12:29) - Amazon jungle (14:47) - Bushmaster snakes (26:13) - Black caiman (44:33) - Rhinos (47:47) - Anacondas (1:18:04) - Mammals (1:30:10) - Piranhas (1:41:00) - Aliens (1:58:45) - Elephants (2:10:02) - Origin of life (2:23:21) - Explorers (2:36:38) - Ayahuasca (2:45:03) - Deep jungle expedition (2:59:09) - Jane Goodall (3:01:41) - Theodore Roosevelt (3:12:36) - Alone show (3:22:23) - Protecting the rainforest (3:38:36) - Snake makes appearance (3:46:47) - Uncontacted tribes (4:00:11) - Mortality (4:01:39) - Steve Irwin (4:09:18) - God
    Lex Fridman Podcast
    enMay 15, 2024

    #428 – Sean Carroll: General Relativity, Quantum Mechanics, Black Holes & Aliens

    #428 – Sean Carroll: General Relativity, Quantum Mechanics, Black Holes & Aliens
    Sean Carroll is a theoretical physicist, author, and host of Mindscape podcast. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - HiddenLayer: https://hiddenlayer.com/lex - Cloaked: https://cloaked.com/lex and use code LexPod to get 25% off - Notion: https://notion.com/lex - Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get $1 per month trial - NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/sean-carroll-3-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Sean's Website: https://preposterousuniverse.com Mindscape Podcast: https://www.preposterousuniverse.com/podcast/ Sean's YouTube: https://youtube.com/@seancarroll Sean's Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/seanmcarroll Sean's Twitter: https://twitter.com/seanmcarroll Sean's Instagram: https://instagram.com/seanmcarroll Sean's Papers: https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=Lfifrv8AAAAJ Sean's Books: https://amzn.to/3W7yT9N PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (11:03) - General relativity (23:22) - Black holes (28:11) - Hawking radiation (32:19) - Aliens (41:15) - Holographic principle (1:05:38) - Dark energy (1:11:38) - Dark matter (1:20:34) - Quantum mechanics (1:41:56) - Simulation (1:44:18) - AGI (1:58:42) - Complexity (2:11:25) - Consciousness (2:20:32) - Naturalism (2:24:49) - Limits of science (2:29:34) - Mindscape podcast (2:39:29) - Einstein

    #427 – Neil Adams: Judo, Olympics, Winning, Losing, and the Champion Mindset

    #427 – Neil Adams: Judo, Olympics, Winning, Losing, and the Champion Mindset
    Neil Adams is a judo world champion, 2-time Olympic silver medalist, 5-time European champion, and often referred to as the Voice of Judo. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - ZipRecruiter: https://ziprecruiter.com/lex - Eight Sleep: https://eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings - MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lexpod to get 15% off - LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack - NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/neil-adams-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Neil's Instagram: https://instagram.com/naefighting Neil's YouTube: https://youtube.com/NAEffectiveFighting Neil's TikTok: https://tiktok.com/@neiladamsmbe Neil's Facebook: https://facebook.com/NeilAdamsJudo Neil's X: https://x.com/NeilAdamsJudo Neil's Website: https://naeffectivefighting.com Neil's Podcast: https://naeffectivefighting.com/podcasts/the-dojo-collective-podcast A Life in Judo (book): https://amzn.to/4d3DtfB A Game of Throws (audiobook): https://amzn.to/4aA2WeJ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (09:13) - 1980 Olympics (26:35) - Judo explained (34:40) - Winning (52:54) - 1984 Olympics (1:01:55) - Lessons from losing (1:17:37) - Teddy Riner (1:37:12) - Training in Japan (1:52:51) - Jiu jitsu (2:03:59) - Training (2:27:18) - Advice for beginners

    #426 – Edward Gibson: Human Language, Psycholinguistics, Syntax, Grammar & LLMs

    #426 – Edward Gibson: Human Language, Psycholinguistics, Syntax, Grammar & LLMs
    Edward Gibson is a psycholinguistics professor at MIT and heads the MIT Language Lab. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - Yahoo Finance: https://yahoofinance.com - Listening: https://listening.com/lex and use code LEX to get one month free - Policygenius: https://policygenius.com/lex - Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get $1 per month trial - Eight Sleep: https://eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/edward-gibson-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Edward's X: https://x.com/LanguageMIT TedLab: https://tedlab.mit.edu/ Edward's Google Scholar: https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=4FsWE64AAAAJ TedLab's YouTube: https://youtube.com/@Tedlab-MIT PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (10:53) - Human language (14:59) - Generalizations in language (20:46) - Dependency grammar (30:45) - Morphology (39:20) - Evolution of languages (42:40) - Noam Chomsky (1:26:46) - Thinking and language (1:40:16) - LLMs (1:53:14) - Center embedding (2:19:42) - Learning a new language (2:23:34) - Nature vs nurture (2:30:10) - Culture and language (2:44:38) - Universal language (2:49:01) - Language translation (2:52:16) - Animal communication

    #425 – Andrew Callaghan: Channel 5, Gonzo, QAnon, O-Block, Politics & Alex Jones

    #425 – Andrew Callaghan: Channel 5, Gonzo, QAnon, O-Block, Politics & Alex Jones
    Andrew Callaghan is the host of Channel 5 on YouTube, where he does street interviews with fascinating humans at the edges of society, the so-called vagrants, vagabonds, runaways, outlaws, from QAnon adherents to Phish heads to O Block residents and much more. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - ShipStation: https://shipstation.com/lex and use code LEX to get 60-day free trial - BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off - LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack - MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lexpod to get 15% off - AG1: https://drinkag1.com/lex to get 1 month supply of fish oil Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/andrew-callaghan-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Channel 5 with Andrew Callaghan: https://www.youtube.com/channel5YouTube Andrew's Instagram: https://instagram.com/andreww.me Andrew's Website: https://andrew-callaghan.com/ Andrew's Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/channel5 This Place Rules: https://www.hbo.com/movies/this-place-rules Books Mentioned: On the Road: https://amzn.to/4aLPLHi Siddhartha: https://amzn.to/49rthKz PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (08:53) - Walmart (10:24) - Early life (29:14) - Hitchhiking (40:49) - Couch surfing (49:50) - Quarter Confessions (1:07:33) - Burning Man (1:22:44) - Protests (1:28:17) - Jon Stewart (1:31:13) - Fame (1:44:31) - Jan 6 (1:48:15) - QAnon (1:54:00) - Alex Jones (2:10:52) - Politics (2:20:29) - Response to allegations (2:37:28) - Channel 5 (2:43:04) - Rap (2:44:51) - O Block (2:48:47) - Crip Mac (2:51:59) - Aliens

    #424 – Bassem Youssef: Israel-Palestine, Gaza, Hamas, Middle East, Satire & Fame

    #424 – Bassem Youssef: Israel-Palestine, Gaza, Hamas, Middle East, Satire & Fame
    Bassem Youssef is an Egyptian-American comedian & satirist, referred to as the Jon Stewart of the Arab World. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - AG1: https://drinkag1.com/lex to get 1 month supply of fish oil - Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get $1 per month trial - Eight Sleep: https://eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings - LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/bassem-youssef-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Bassem's X: https://x.com/Byoussef Bassem's Instagram: https://instagram.com/bassem Bassem's Facebook: https://facebook.com/bassemyousseftv Bassem's Website: https://bassemyoussef.xyz PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (06:30) - Oct 7 (36:59) - Two-state solution (52:37) - Holocaust (1:00:24) - 1948 (1:09:17) - Egypt (1:23:39) - Jon Stewart (1:25:51) - Going viral during the Arab Spring (1:49:55) - Arabic vs English (2:02:18) - Sam Harris and Jihad (2:07:25) - Religion (2:26:37) - TikTok (2:31:10) - Joe Rogan (2:33:07) - Joe Biden (2:37:33) - Putin (2:39:21) - War (2:44:17) - Hope

    #423 – Tulsi Gabbard: War, Politics, and the Military Industrial Complex

    #423 – Tulsi Gabbard: War, Politics, and the Military Industrial Complex
    Tulsi Gabbard is a politician, veteran, and author of For Love of Country. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - Riverside: https://creators.riverside.fm/LEX and use code LEX to get 30% off - ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod to get 3 months free - NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour - Notion: https://notion.com/lex Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/tulsi-gabbard-transcript EPISODE LINKS: For Love of Country (book): https://amzn.to/3VLlofM Tulsi's X: https://x.com/tulsigabbard Tulsi's YouTube: https://youtube.com/@TulsiGabbard Tulsi's Podcast: https://youtube.com/@TheTulsiGabbardShow Tulsi's Instagram: https://instagram.com/tulsigabbard Tulsi's Facebook: https://facebook.com/TulsiGabbard Tulsi's Website: https://tulsigabbard.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (07:14) - War in Iraq (15:00) - Battle injuries and PTSD (22:10) - War on terrorism (30:51) - War in Gaza (34:52) - War in Ukraine (38:38) - Syria (46:20) - Warmongers (55:40) - Nuclear war (1:11:08) - TikTok ban (1:23:13) - Bernie Sanders (1:28:08) - Politics (1:46:59) - Personal attacks (1:49:07) - God

    #422 – Mark Cuban: Shark Tank, DEI & Wokeism Debate, Elon Musk, Politics & Drugs

    #422 – Mark Cuban: Shark Tank, DEI & Wokeism Debate, Elon Musk, Politics & Drugs
    Mark Cuban is a businessman, investor, star of TV series Shark Tank, long-time principal owner of Dallas Mavericks, and founder of Cost Plus Drugs. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - Listening: https://listening.com/lex and use code LEX to get one month free - Cloaked: https://cloaked.com/lex and use code LexPod to get 25% off - Notion: https://notion.com/lex - Eight Sleep: https://eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings - Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get $1 per month trial Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/mark-cuban-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Mark's X: https://twitter.com/mcuban Mark's Instagram: https://instagram.com/mcuban Cost Plus Drugs: https://costplusdrugs.com Shark Tank: https://abc.com/shows/shark-tank Dallas Mavericks: https://www.mavs.com PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (11:10) - Entrepreneurship (26:03) - Shark Tank (36:29) - How Mark made first billion (1:02:39) - Dallas Mavericks (1:08:05) - DEI debate (1:43:58) - Trump vs Biden (1:46:20) - Immigration (1:55:53) - Drugs and Big Pharma (2:11:53) - AI (2:16:05) - Advice for young people

    #421 – Dana White: UFC, Fighting, Khabib, Conor, Tyson, Ali, Rogan, Elon & Zuck

    #421 – Dana White: UFC, Fighting, Khabib, Conor, Tyson, Ali, Rogan, Elon & Zuck
    Dana White is the CEO and president of the UFC. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack - Notion: https://notion.com/lex - AG1: https://drinkag1.com/lex to get 1 month supply of fish oil - InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/dana-white-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Dana's X: https://x.com/danawhite Dana's Instagram: https://instagram.com/danawhite Dana's Facebook: https://facebook.com/danawhite UFC's YouTube: https://youtube.com/@UFC UFC's Website: https://ufc.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (06:31) - Mike Tyson and early days of fighting (17:10) - Jiu jitsu (23:14) - Origin of UFC (37:25) - Joe Rogan (43:31) - Lorenzo Fertitta (45:58) - Great fighters (49:55) - Khabib vs Conor (53:01) - Jon Jones (56:03) - Conor McGregor (1:01:05) - Trump (1:06:44) - Elon vs Zuck (1:08:04) - Mike Tyson vs Jake Paul (1:10:52) - Forrest Griffin vs Stephan Bonnar (1:18:06) - Gambling (1:33:08) - Mortality

    #420 – Annie Jacobsen: Nuclear War, CIA, KGB, Aliens, Area 51, Roswell & Secrecy

    #420 – Annie Jacobsen: Nuclear War, CIA, KGB, Aliens, Area 51, Roswell & Secrecy
    Annie Jacobsen is an investigative journalist and author of "Nuclear War: A Scenario" and many other books on war, weapons, government secrecy, and national security. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - HiddenLayer: https://hiddenlayer.com/lex - BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off - Policygenius: https://policygenius.com/lex - NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/annie-jacobsen-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Nuclear War: A Scenario (book): https://amzn.to/3THZHfr Annie's Twitter: https://twitter.com/anniejacobsen Annie's Website: https://anniejacobsen.com/ Annie's Books: https://amzn.to/3TGWyMJ Annie's Books (audio): https://adbl.co/49ZnI7c PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (07:37) - Nuclear war (12:21) - Launch procedure (18:00) - Deterrence (21:34) - Tactical nukes (30:59) - Nuclear submarines (33:59) - Nuclear missiles (41:10) - Nuclear football (50:17) - Missile interceptor system (54:34) - North Korea (1:01:10) - Nuclear war scenarios (1:10:02) - Warmongers (1:14:31) - President's cognitive ability (1:20:43) - Refusing orders (1:28:41) - Russia and Putin (1:33:48) - Cyberattack (1:35:09) - Ground zero of nuclear war (1:39:48) - Surviving nuclear war (1:44:06) - Nuclear winter (1:54:29) - Alien civilizations (2:00:04) - Extrasensory perception (2:13:50) - Area 51 (2:17:48) - UFOs and aliens (2:28:15) - Roswell incident (2:34:55) - CIA assassinations (2:53:47) - Navalny (2:56:12) - KGB (3:02:48) - Hitler and the atomic bomb (3:06:52) - War and human nature (3:10:17) - Hope