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    Let's Learn Everything!

    Science communicators Ella Hubber, Tom Lum, and Caroline Roper learn about anything and everything interesting! Each episode they teach each other about a science topic, and learn about a miscellaneous topic. Whether it's bugs on drugs, temporal illusions, or fanfiction, there's so much out there, so let's learn everything! Join our Discord, email us, and follow us everywhere at www.LetsLearnEverything.com
    enTom Lum80 Episodes

    Episodes (80)

    The Best of Everything 2023-2024

    The Best of Everything 2023-2024

    After much deliberation, the academy (listeners of the podcast) has voted on the best topics from the past year! If this is your first episode, you'll get a sampling of our favorite moments of science and sillyness, and if you're a long time listener, you'll hear some behind the scenes thoughts about the topics, as well as... a secret teaser at the very end??

    Images we Talk About:
    The Jacobin Pigeon
    The Pouter Pigeon

    Timestamps:
    (00:04:37) Intro
    (00:03:59) Part 1
    (00:55:00) Part 2
    (01:51:28) Outro

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    We also learn about: you gotta listen to the best ofs for the rock paper scissors drama, I’m not sure if Ella remembers our names, it’s not the same joke it’s a Call Back, superseding my superseded theories, Tom’s jokes are like the rain - you walk on through and hope it stops quickly, it gets Jalapeno business, I miss Comedy, Ella claimed review corner but keeps forgetting it, the art of topic writing is explaining but also what not to explain, our favorite topics of each others, wrote down the idea for public domain day the year before, Tom goofs up the La La Land Joke, ohh did you just finish episode 50? maybe, thanks everyone for the nice messages, Mum! “those stupid awards”, they’re all great episodes, we learned who in our family listens to our show, you guys wanna learn about ants??

    65: Black Holes 101 & Tattoos

    65: Black Holes 101 & Tattoos

    What happens when a star collapses to a point of near infinite gravity? And just how hard could that be to actually... find? And why do we love tattoos so much, and how long have human beings across the world been loving them too?

    Check out Tom's first long form video that's finally out!
    Images we Talk About:
    The Crab Nebula
    First Image of a Black Hole
    Photo of OUR Black Hole, Sagiratius A
    Ancient Siberian Tattoo

    Timestamps:
    (00:00:00) Intro
    (00:02:47) Black Holes 101
    (00:57:51) Tattoos
    (01:43:53) Outro

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    We also learn about: black holes are massive (mass) but not massive (size), nothing can escape a black hole, supermassive black hole by muse, the closest black hole is 1000 light years away so we don’t need to worry about them too much, matter can’t escape the Plunging Region, does your McDonald also have black holes? stellar evolution, “they’re just big gassy balls doing nuclear fusion”, the fusion in a star pushes against the gravity keeping it in equilibrium, Caroline’s fear of the sun expanding, stellar corpse, a neutron star is just made of neutrons - that can’t be right, if you add too much flour (mass) this will turn into an atomic bomb (black hole), stop saying massive and start saying voluptuous to avoid confusion, one in every thousand stars could be a blac khole, “surely that’s not sustainable” “have I got news for you about the future of all things”, theorizing a black hole in 1783, we only get the word Black Hole in 1964, betting on Signus X1, finding black holes by nearby objects’ bright hot death screams, it took 2 years to process the black hole image, sorry I think it looks like a butthole, Sagitarius A - our galaxies butthole, deslicious spaghettification, we’re all being spaghettified, I’m being raviolified here! where do you go in a black hole? into a topic for another day, “tom saw the topic on me”, no inheritance until you tattoo me onto your butt, Caroline got a tattoo to honor pigeons, the above skin - the skin - and the below skin, phagocytosis, microphages contain and become the tattoo! “the art is your immune system” and we only knew this in 2018, Ötzi the Iceman had 57 tattoos, ella regrets letting us guess what tattoos he had, ritualistic and therapeutic tattoos, egyptian women tattoos, old preserved siberian tattoo, the painted picts, Tattoo comes from the Tahitian word Tatau, famed tattoo afficianado Charles Darwin, the meaning of polynesian tattoos, sailor tattoos were inspired by polynesians but adapted to things meaningful to them, sailor tattoos were like sailing achievements, shark repeller tattoos, ancient greek tattoos were literally “skin-stigmas”, stigma affects culture and culture affects stigma in a feedback loop, “true on all accounts for my case”, gender norms in tattoos,  “ooh another means by which to put down women don’t mind if I do”, biases in the workplace,”it’s literally only skindeep”, tattoos are so personal and human of course you can’t assume or speak to all of them, they’re an art and they’re universal across cultures.

    Sources:

    NASA: Black Holes
    Science News Explores: What are black holes?
    Gravitational Collapse Overview
    Goddard Space Flight Centre: The Life Cycles of Stars: How Supernovae Are Formed
    Britannica: End States of Stars
    Britannica: Evolution of High Mass Stars
    Britannica: Origin of Chemical Elements
    BBC Bitesize: The Lifecycle of Stars (GCSE Resource)
    NASA: Neutron Stars Are Weird
    Science News Explores: A Short History of Black Holes
    Astronomy: A Brief History of Black Holes
    Lind Hall Library: John Michell
    American Museum of Natural History: The Country Parson Who Conceived of Black Holes
    University of Chicago: Black Holes Explained
    Astronomy: Cygnus X-1- The Black Hole that Started it All
    Event Horizon Telescope: Astronomers Reveal First Image of the Black Hole at the Heart of Our Galaxy
    1978 Article: A Supermassive Object in Galaxy M87
    Space.Com: Where do Black Holes Lead To?
    SYFY: How Worried Should We Be About Black Holes?
    Podcast: The Guardians Science Weekly- White Holes
    Image Source: NASA First Image of a Black Hole
    Image Source: Event Horizon Telescope: FIrst Image of Black Hole at the Centre of the Milyway
    ---
    Pew Research: How Many People Have Tattoos?
    The Science of Tattoos
    Mouse Tail Tattoo Study
    Wellcome Collection: A Brief History of Tattoos
    Smithsonian: More History
    Japan’s Tattooing History
    Maori Tattoos
    Polynesian tattoos
    Pazyryk Tattoos (Very Cool)
    First Female MP to Wear Moko
    Sailor Tattoos
    Broussard & Harton's Amazing Tattoo Stigma Study

    64: Tom Scott, Human Acceleration, and Failed Videos

    64: Tom Scott, Human Acceleration, and Failed Videos

    How fast can a regular human accelerate from 0-60? How can you learn to love roller-coasters? And is there a terrifying experience Ella's done that even Tom Scott hasn't?? After having us on his show for so long, it's finally time for Tom Scott to join us on our show!

    Videos we Talk About:
    Tom Scott's Amazing Roller Coaster Video
    Tom Scott's Failed Video Video

    Timestamps:
    (00:00:00) Intro
    (00:04:15) Human Acceleration
    (00:50:03) Roller-coasters and Failed Videos
    (01:18:05) Outro

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    We also learn about: herding cats and children, Thanks for the compliment you can leave now, UK metric is a mess, milk is just a blur cause it’s PastYourEyes, both Tom’s can’t be like this, stopping the angular velocity pedants, what’s so hard about orbital mechanics it’s not rocket science, this is a question full of "um actually"s, the longest second of Tom Scott’s life in the Mythen car, “would you do it again” “oh in a heartbeat”, just frame cars as IRL speedrunning, “oh my god she got sub 1 second”, please prove me wrong so I can ride it, steam catapulting a plane, the Nevis Catapult might win if you believe the hype, all politely saying roller coasters, “roller coaster nerds are like train nerds but worse”, running coasters at 100%, calibrating the weights of cars, British politeness way under-markets stealth, “I’ve done something Tom Scott hasn’t done??”, the experimental Nürburgring coaster that only operated for 4 days, Do-Dodonpa the “rattly bastard” that broke bones, dragsters going 0-60 in half a second stunned us to silence, you could buy the nitro X2 for less than a tesla but you do get to drive a tesla more than twice, “I reserve the right to turn this into a video essay”, our roller coaster journeys, dread and expectation, Ella loves the fear, “this is the worst thing I’ve ever done, YES”, LLE live episode on a roller coaster, Dick & Dom in da Bungalow sounds like a parody of something british, only americans will remember Raccoon Barrel from the Barrell Brothers! “It has been a metaphor which is possibly the highest priase I can give something like that”, making a video about failed videos “you only get to pull that trick once”, Tom’s one shot Netherlands drone video, “it was a Look How Clever I Am video”, ideally it’s both clever content and cleverly shot, “the content has to be worth it”, it’s like OKGO - matching content with production, the ratchet of quality, “the frustration I feel is a compliment to David”, “i left everything on the table”, 3 of us just mimed sword swallowing, "not a great mime"

    63: Biomimicry & The Evolution of Chess

    63: Biomimicry & The Evolution of Chess

    What can we learn by mimicking animals in nature, and more importantly, what can we learn about the nuance behind the buzzword of biomimicry?  And just how many wild facts are hidden in a simple chess set?

    Images we Talk About:
    One of the Oldest Shatranj Sets

    Timestamps:
    (00:00:00) Intro
    (00:03:26) Biomimicry
    (00:50:25) Chess Chess Evolution
    (01:33:41) Outro

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    We also learn about: So nice to have a topic taken, biomemetics, the spider grabber is more like bio-stealing, “nature is a giant pool of ideas”, “nature is the OG and does it best, organism level, lily leaf umbrella, who remembers davinci? none of his flying machines even worked, a quick lesson on flying, biomimcry was only coines in the 1950s and only become trendy in the 90s, gecko feet, spinning the biomimicry slot machine, sheep wool antidepressants, a biomimicry quiz, oh right we want fewer train sonic booms, whale flipper tubercles, whale power turbines, Ella biomimics Caroline, termite AC, destroying nature to recreate nature, biomimicry 3.8, the ickyness of corporate biomimicry, we’re an organic sustainable biomemetic podcast, a person after our hearts critizing a ted talk, you can biomimic like davinci or the wright brothers, nature is not infallible, pitching our own biomimetic ideas, bumble bees saying oops, ripple, chess chess evolution you know like that game, can’t stop thinking about those anal beads, everything Caroline’s learned about chess is against their will, Tom learns about himself by talking about chess camp, scachs d’amor was so nerdy, the hornets nest of chess historians, chess comes from the indo-persian area, borders are weird why do I need so many modifiers to describe this area, calling it a horsey is more historically accurate, a chariot makes so much more sense than a castle moving across the board, oh wait does no one else call this piece a religious figure? the knight has been unchanged for 1300 years, the chad knight vs the virgin bishop, we codified white goes first after discovering quantum physics, do you want to play a game of king? Your king is in king, shah mat - the king is dead, people say check because “I won’t let you do the silly thing, we’re gonna keep playing for a little bit”, checkered comes from chess not the other way around, cheque -> exchequer -> checkered -> chess -> shah, why aren’t we talking about this more! Ella’s very good biomimicry review corner 

    Sources:

    Biomimicry as a Sustainable Design Methodology
    How Biomimicry is Inspiring Human Innovation
    Types of Biomimicry
    History of Biomimicry
    Velcro
    Biomimicry in Flight and Wing Design
    NASA Wing Morphing
    NASA Successfully Tests Shape-Changing Wing
    Japanese Bullet Train
    Whale Turbines
    WhalePower
    Soft Tobotics
    Tentacle Robot
    The Planned City of Lavasa
    Eastgate Centre
    Biomimicry 3.8
    The Limitations of Biomimentic Architecture
    The Ripple Device
    Mosquito Inspired Needles
    ---
    Davidson's Incredible "A Short History of Chess"
    Scachs Damor
    The Beginnings of Chess
    Oldest Shatranj Set
    The MET "Chessmen and Chess"
    Wired: The Game of Chess had Patch Notes Too
    White and Black in Chess
    The MET "Shah Mat!"
    gov.uk on The Exchequer
    Encyclopedia Britannica Chess History

    62: False Memories & House Plants

    62: False Memories & House Plants

    How much real science is there to the Mandela Effect, and how much should we be worried about our faulty memories?  And what's the science and history behind our long love for house plants?

    Timestamps:
    (00:00:00) Intro
    (00:03:31) False Memories
    (00:57:30) 
    (01:37:47) Outro

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    Yes Ella my favorite host of Let’s Learn Everything, Fiona Broome - Paranormal Researcher, Ella is shocked to learn the Mandela Effect was a conspiracy first, repressed memories, the McMcartin Preschool Trial again, the concept of memories at all is bonkers, we shoudl do more experiments, flashbulb memories aren’t as “unchanging as the slumbering rhinegold”, the original study didn’t even check if the memories were accurate they just assumed, flash bulb memories only Feel more accurate, the concept of false memories can make people believe in the mandela effect MORE, don’t have an existential crisis, rebunking your memories, most memory recalls aren’t adversarial like mandeal effect questions, Metamemory effects, just like memory isn’t so simple false memories aren’t so simple either, “I wish I hadn’t said yay when you said racism”, does anyone remember the 2 president Obamas? we gave false memories to bees, having false memories makes bees MORE complex not less, false memories aren’t flaws they’re just part of memory, classic meatbrain, “my brain is a beautiful and complex thing”, movies can exist, The Four Legged Chairs, the art of putting a plant into a pot, egyptians used plants for a ton of stuff, portable plants, gillyflowers for bad breath and paying rent, peppercorn payment, (ayyy), Wes Anderson’s The Winter Hotel for Plants, renting plants for a party, the illegal orchid trade, plant hunters, pteridomania, the World War 2 potted plant boom, the millenial urge to care for plants is more of a historic urge, guilting your cohosts into talking about your plants, you’d need 10 potted plant per square foot in the home to clean the air, just imagine yourself as a Sim you need art and plants, hot or not for plants, there aren’t really huge health benefits from plants, it feels like studies are asking “why do we like plants so much??”, just enjoy plants for the sake of enjoying them, office plants are nice but I feel like work life balance will do better for my health, I just think they’re neat! 

    Sources:
    Snopes: The Mandela Effect
    The Wiley Handbook on The Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory
    Ethan Watters: The Forgotten Lessons of the Recovered Memory Movement
    The False Memory Syndrome: Experimental studies and comparison to confabulations
    The Fallibility of Memory in Judicial Processes
    UCLA Med on Memory
    Implanting False Memories
    Hirst and Phelps Amazing Review of Flashbulb Memories
    Predicting Confidence in Flashbulb Memories (re: Michael Jackson)
    Fiona Broome: The Mandela Effect is Not False Memories
    False memory and COVID-19: How people fall for fake news about COVID-19 in digital contexts
    BBC on Mandela Effect
    False Memory in Bees Study
    Analysis of False Bee Memory Study
    Don Hertzfeldt On Memory
    ---
    National Museums Liverpool: Gardens in Ancient Egypt
    Britannica: Houseplants
    National Trust: A Potted History of Houseplants
    Horticultural Reviews, Volume 31, The Foliage Plant Industry
    Grace and Thorn: The History of Houseplants
    Cobham Museum: Windlesham- Peppercorn Payment
    The Plant Runner: A History of Houseplants
    The Scotsman: Our Fascination With Indoor Potted Plants has a Long and Colourful History
    Architectural Digest: The Most Iconic Houseplant Trends Through the Decades
    The Guardian: Indoor Plant Sales Boom, Reflecting Urbanisation and Design Trends
    The Telegraph: Houseplant Sales Soar
    2019 Paper: Potted Plants Do Not Improve Indoor Air Quality: A Review and Analysis of Reported VOC Removal Efficiencies
    University of Reading: Owning Houseplants Can Boost Your Mental Health – Here’s How to Pick the Right One
    2022 Paper: The Appearance of Indoor Plants and their Effect on People's Perceptions of Indoor Air Puality and Subjective Well-Being
    RHS: Houseplants: To Support Human Health
    2022 Paper: Effects of Indoor Plants on Human Functions: A Systematic Review with Meta-Analyses
    BBC: Are Your Houseplants Bad for the Environment?

    61: Whale Fall Ecology & Jury Duty

    61: Whale Fall Ecology & Jury Duty

    What happens when the largest living animal becomes the largest dead animal?  Just how complex could a dead whale be?  And what are the differences, flaws, and nuances of the jury system, and can we be studying it better?

    Images we Talk About:
    The Zombie Worm

    Timestamps:
    (00:00:00) Intro
    (00:03:59) Whale Fall Ecology
    (00:52:52) Jury Duty
    (01:32:41) Outro

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    We also learn about: A bucket of mice, when whales die the people who love them will miss them, a jury of your cohosts will decide if your topic is boring, Tom stretching his arms to measure a 34 meter long whale, marine snow and whale falls, gettin ghastly gassy, a new mussel told us to go check out the whale fall, whales are mortal, deep sea mussel delicacy, how hard could it be to find a whale over 70% of the earth’s surface? let’s just wait for the carcass to come to us… wait actually?? welcome to our automatic zoo of dead things on the beach brought to you by the crown, sinking beached whale carcasses, the 3 stages of whale fall, Denial/Mobile Scavenger Phase can take 2 years, scavengers eat about one (1) Caroline of whale per day, Enrichment Opportunist Phase, Sulfophilic Phase, 7% of a whale is bone lipid, a sulfur bacteria carpet. did we walk into Caroline’s trap? This final phase can last 100 years! It’s not a trap if I’m asking you a question! 690,000 whale falls at any time, never in my wildest dreams would i be so lucky as to know the 12km distance from fall to fall statistic, whaling is deforestation for bacteria, Osedax or the zombie worm or the bone devourer or snot flower, there’s Drama in this whale fall ecosystem, dinosaur fall ecosystems, fossilized bones with fossilized deep sea snails, we got picked to talk about jury duty, UK US differences, a 900 day trial, there’s something wrong with Ella, the US is the only country to have so many civil juries, this topic has become a US UK debate, only the US requires unanimity, juror selection bias, racially diverse juries do a better job, I wish we could be surprised peremptory challenge is biased against women, oops it’s a british colinization topic, you could literally say too many asians, semi-jural systems, is this a philosophy topic about human nature?? our various biases, the confirmation bias against tom’s bad jokes, can we study jury bias? there hasn’t been any research on live jury deliberation.

    Sources:
    NatGeo: Dead whales are washing up on the East Coast.
    NHM: Whale Fall: What Happens When Whales Die?
    Review of the Impact of Whale Fall on Biodiversity in Deep-Sea Ecosystems (2022)
    The Discovery of a Natural Whale Fall in the Antarctic Deep Sea (2013)
    NPR: What Happens After A Whale Dies?
    Scientific American: Life at the Bottom: The Prolific Afterlife of Whales
    Fish Food in the Deep Sea: Revisiting the Role of Large Food-Falls (2014)
    NatGeo: Making a Home on Plesiosaurs
    Chemosynthesis-Based Sssociations on Cretaceous Plesiosaurid Carcasses (2008)
    ---
    Cornell Law: What is Jury Duty?
    Jury Law UK
    Magna Carta
    538: Jury Duty is Rare
    Jury Service in the UK
    Juror Exemptions and Exclusions USA
    Differences between US and UK Legal Systems
    Jury Duty in UK vs USA
    UK Civil Case Info
    "Justifying Prohibited
    Peremptory Challenges (2007)"
    Jury Under Fire: Jury Selection Can Effectively Identify Biased Jurors
    NACDL: Bias in Jury Selection
    EJI: History of Bias in Jury Selection
    Comparison of Juries in Democratic Countries (2007)
    Jury Trial in different countries
    World Jury Sytems: Exporting the English Jury System (2000)
    Monash Law: Do we need juries?
    Cognitive and Human Factors in Legal Layperson Decision Making: Sources of bias in Juror Decision Making (2022)
    Thomas Lecture on Jury Bias
    The Curious Case of the Jury-Shaped Hole (2023)

    60: Near Earth Objects & Guitar Tabs

    60: Near Earth Objects & Guitar Tabs

    What are all these rocks hurtling through space? Do we need to worry about them, and what can we learn from them? And what are guitar tabs, why don't people take them seriously, and why does Tom love them so dang much?

    Videos we Talk About:
    Osiris Boop Gif

    Timestamps:
    (00:00:00) Intro
    (00:03:54) Near Earth Objects
    (00:56:58) Guitar Tabs
    (01:47:55) Outro

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    e|-----------------|-----------------|-----------------|-----------------| B|-----------------|-----------------|-----------------|-----------------| G|-----------------|-----------------|-----------------|-----------------| D|-----------------|-----------------|-----------------|-----------------|
    A|---------------2-|-----------4-6-4-|-----------6-7-0-|-----------6-7---| E|-0---------2-4---|-----------------|-----------------|---------------0-|

    (tabs via lucamashup)

    e|----------------
    B|----------------
    G|----------------
    D|-8888-10-10-333-
    A|-8888-10-10-333-
    E|-6666-8--8--111-

    We also learn about:

    I thought you were just going to just teach us guitar, still on course to learn everything in a few months! everyone’s favorite part: semantics and exceptions, Tom is a perfectly unmovable object, it’s doxxing myself if people know I’m the center of the universe, the great attractor was my nickname in high school, “naturally occurring objects traveling through our solar system which are smaller than planets and aren’t moons”, you must be 1 meter tall to be an asteroid, asteroids are metally comets are icy, a song of rock and metal dust and ice, asteroid/comet -> meteoroid -> meteor -> meteorite, 1.3 million known asteroids and only 3,800 comets in our solar system, within 50 million km it becomes a near earth object, obviously we’re all thinking about the Tunguska asteroid asteroid, 80 million trees felled and it didn’t even hit the Earth, one of the oldest meteors we know is from 2 billion years ago, the vredefort dome, 2 billion year old nuclear weapon testing??? the only time the earth makes Shatter Cones is meteors and nuclear explosions, if the meteor had hit the water it might not have been so catastrophic for dinosaurs, but it was going 20 kilometers per SECOND, a force 10,000 times the world nuclear arsenal, the crater has to be DISCOVERED, what does it mean for 50% of species to go extinct, the asteroid also vaporized the ground and water, impact winter, stopping photosynthesis kicks out the base of the foodchain, the meteor that broke the camel’s back, land animals over 25kg went extinct, there were a few lucky ducks, LLE Meteor Insurance, as long as Aerosmith is alive we’re fine, Asteroid Watch via the Center for Near Earth Object Studies, people listening 100 years from now hope you don’t have any asteroids (sucks to suck), Planetary Defense Coordination Office, Double Asteroid Redirct Mission, I cheered when we smashed into that asteroid, activating asteroids, asteroids are loose remaining legos from the formation of the solar system, OSIRIS-REx sample return, a kid named Bennu, tom loses his mind at the video of Osiris booping Bennu, personifying Rex, OSIRIS APEX, Apophis will be closer than some satellites, POV Apophis shots, Astroid Quakes, “cute is a weird way to describe a spacecraft touching an asteroid”, casual Caroline classical guitar lore drop, Tom learns guitar by accident, “too bad I picked this up so late”, Ella’s youtube ukulele era, don’t stop believing, tabs aren’t shittier sheet music, Van Halen didn’t invent tabs, tabs feel modern but also obvious, just because words are more efficient doesn’t mean diagrams aren’t useful, I’m just trying to play Don’t Stop Believing I have to worry about context? Guqin tablature dates to the 7th century! music has a lot of racism, rockin out those lute tabs, I knew this was secretly a font topic! monospace fonts revitalized tabs, sheet music software is garbage, god did not want me to use LaTeX they wanted me to use my mortal hands, OLGA, reading Beyonce tabs is not the same as listening to Beyonce, Paul McCartney’s the one who plays Blackbird wrong, let the philosophy professor enjoy his guitar! why punish the people who love your work, tabs are in a gray zone still, ultimate-guitar has a monopoly, the gray zone may benefit publishers, thanks swifties, Thomas Chesney’s tab research, it’s not a million miles away but it’s not right, ooh this song’s so commercially viable! Polphia’s tabs, Pinegrove’s tabs released before the songs, Tom’s guitar tabs, being a part of someone’s music journey in a little way, this could have been a guitar tab podcast, a cozy review corner.

    Sources:
    The Structure of the Milky Way
    The Great Attractor
    Nasa on Orbital Debris
    Asteroids vs Comets vs Meteors
    Nasa on Asteroids
    Notable Asteroid Impacts
    Tunguska Event
    Atomic Asteroid Blasts
    Vredefort Impact Structure
    NASA on the Dinosaur Extincting Asteroid
    NHM: Why did the dinosaurs die out?
    Near Earth Objects
    DART
    Asteroid Watch
    Asteroid Watch Dashboard
    DART results
    Nasa Data on Bennu
    OSIRIS REx Touch Down
    Bennu Sample Analysis
    Nasa Data on Apophis
    ESA's Possible RAMSES Mission
    ---
    NPR on Online Tabs
    Van Halen Tab Interview
    Mick Goodrick's The Advancing Guitarist
    Yang Yuanzheng on Ancient Guqin Tablature
    Solitary Orchid on the Guqin
    Tantacrul's Critique of Sheet Music Software
    Laura Gary's Amazing Legal Analysis of Tabs
    Paul McCartney on Blackbird
    NYTimes on Guitar Tab Legal Troubles
    Ultimate-Guitars Licensing
    Chesney's Paper Studying Guitar Tab Authors
    Polyphia Tabs
    Pinegrove Tabs NPR Interview
    Tom's Habanero Tabs
    Newspeak Dictionary

    59: Quantum Physics & Gossip

    59: Quantum Physics & Gossip

    Can Tom finally take on his science communication white whale: Quantum Physics??  And what is gossip, what did it mean in the past, and could it actually be... good??  Find out on a very special MaxFunDrive episode!

    See all the MaxFunDrive events, pins, and links here!

    Timestamps:
    (00:00:00) Intro
    (00:06:29) Quantum Physics
    (01:00:14) MaxFunDrive!
    (01:09:08) Gossip
    (01:44:14) Outro

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    Join our Discord!

    We also learn about:

    One minute of self indulgence, another bit?? when bugs gossip, Moby Dick was warning about the perils of teaching quantum physics, the word quantum is boring,  every grocery list is quantum (except Ella’ infinite and continuous grocery list), Ocean’s 11 is a quantum movie, quantum physics is 100 years old, why doesn’t my toaster blast me with radiation, Lord Rayleigh is literally the why is the sky blue guy, Planck really didn’t want to be right, “an act of desperation”, you’re taught quantum physics in high school chemistry, Heisenberg v Pauli v Schrodinger beef, fully just saying jackass, even smart people hate quantum physics, “nobody feels perfectly comfortable with it”, YOU ALREADY KNOW QUANTUM PHYSICS, Newton has been redeemed! we almost called photons “quantums”, some of quantum physics is bullshit but not all of it is, what has quantum physics ever done for us? we do actually have a quantum phone and quantum machines at the hospital, Quantum Nuclear MRI machines, sometimes it’s nice to remember that, Schrodinger's Cat is the worst first thing to learn, “not a real experiment, does not prove anything, does not match physical reality, and was intentionally designed to be absurd”, it’s like learning about vision through only optical illusions, “but where’s the weird?”, making peace with your whale, as long as you support us we will live forever, no Ella, there’s nothing wrong with you, “debrief”, gossip can be positive! GODSIB MEANT GOD SIBLING, you wouldn’t bang your godbrother, Tom you don’t have kids, in the 12th century you could leave your kids to watch Dune 2 whenever you wanted, a gossip is someone you can tell anything to, gossips were backup for lecherous men, gossip was a neutral term for an essential supportive community, gossiping about witches gossiping “that’s gossip as well babe”, spoiler for most social issues it’s about class and power,  scold’s bridle, “I love idle talk, I’m a witch”, coffee houses are just gossip houses, “oooh yeah, evolution and gossip, this is good stuff”, we wouldn’t be humans if we weren’t sociable and idle talking, gossiping is like primate grooming, animals would LOVE to gossip if they had language, I don’t care what you think as long as it’s about me, work stopping gossip seems neutral but isn’t, I’m not gossiping I’m receiving evaluative information about a colleague, it’s good the science doesn’t show bullying is cool actually, most gossip is neutral gossip, I wouldn’t compliment my boss - only in gossip, you think it’s not gossip cause it’s about Tom Brady?? It is!! it’s all preamble for review corner.

    Sources:
    Melville's Book on Quantum Physics
    Dan Styer's Amazing Brief History of Quantum Physics
    Dan Styer's Textbook "The Strange World of Quantum Mechanics"
    Futurama Quantum Joke
    Chad Orzel on the Origin of Quantum Physics
    Helge Kragh's History of Planck as "The Reluctant Revolutionary"
    Heisenberg's Letter to Pauli (s/o to u/restricteddata)
    Gilbert Lewis' Naming of the Photon
    Chad Orzel "What Has Quantum Mechanics Ever Done For Us?"
    Old Computers
    Nobel Prize Committee on Bloch's Work
    Dr. Baird's Great Analysis of Schrodinger's Cat
    ---
    Gossip and Resistance Among the Medieval Peasantry
    From the Whisper Network to #MeToo—Framing Gender, Gossip and Sexual Harassment
    Envy, Poison, and Death: Women on Trial in Classical Athens, Chapter 3.2
    The Psychological Anatomy of Gossip
    Tell Me the Gossip: The Self-Evaluative Function of Receiving Gossip About Others
    BBC Worklife: The Surprising Benefits of Gossip
    Gossip in Evolutionary Perspective
    How the “Gossip” Became a Woman
    Gossip and Gender Differences: a Content Analysis Approach
    BBC Worklife: Why Gossiping at Work is Good For You

    Go Fact Yourself MaxFunDrive Kick-off Spectacular featuring Ella Hubber, Tom Lum, Teresa McElroy, Ross Blocher, and Jordan Morris

    Go Fact Yourself MaxFunDrive Kick-off Spectacular featuring Ella Hubber, Tom Lum, Teresa McElroy, Ross Blocher, and Jordan Morris

    IT'S THE MAXFUNDRIVE!!!  And we're kicking it off with a network-wide trivia competition with other MaxFun hosts!

    You can see all our upcoming events during the drive and become a member at www.LetsLearnEverything.com

    This special network wide event is a celebration of the MaxFunDrive! If you’d like to support podcasts you love for just $5 a month and get bonus gifts in the process, go to maximumfun.org/join.

    J. Keith van Straaten and Helen Hong from “Go Fact Yourself” are joined by:
    Teresa McElroy - “Shmanners”
    Ross Blocher - “Oh No, Ross and Carrie!”
    Ella Hubber & Tom Lum - “Let’s Learn Everything!”
    Jordan Morris - “Jordan, Jesse, Go!” and "Free With Ads"

    If you’d like to hear more hosts competing for trivia supremacy, visit Maximumfun.org for the full version of this show.

    58: Kelly & Zach Weinersmith, Mars Ecology, and Space Communes

    58: Kelly & Zach Weinersmith, Mars Ecology, and Space Communes

    What would a man-made ecosystem look like on mars?  Just how complicated could it possibly be?   And are the human and societal issues just as complicated?  Science communicators and authors Zach and Dr. Kelly Weinersmith ask and answer all of these questions and more!

    Check out: 

    A City on Mars!
    The Weinersmith's article on Frontier Mythology and Space
    The Weinersmith's paper in the journal Space Policy on Space Communes
    BeaWolf
    Saturday Morning Breakfast Cereal

    Timestamps:
    (00:00:00) Intro
    (00:05:30) Marts Ecology
    (00:47:28) Space Communes
    (01:11:59) Outro

    Support us with a Max Fun Membership!

    Join our Discord!

    We also learn about: The superior Weinersmith, we almost have a Doctorate majority but not quite, having a PHD doesn’t make you smarter it just makes you poor and willing to suffer, back in my day Comic-Con was only 2 pence, we only just learned about high perchlorates on mars soil, all those images of glass habitats on mars would be SO DEAD, “this doesn’t sound appealing to me… to live under the dirt”, just rinse off all your dirt how hard could it be, the engineer brain thinking “if a problem is solvable then the problem is solved”, apologies to the rotating space colony community, space waste is a pain in the ass, cows aren’t efficient but BUGS are, Biosphere 1 is Earth, Lunar palace, there aren’t many experiments and we don’t really know how this all scales, if Sarah goes we’re fine and if I go I destroy the colony by BREATHING TOO MUCH, everything’s more complicated in space, Lungs help your facility PVNRT, humanity needs a plan B but “a backup that loses that much ground on human rights is not a backup i want!”, historiography of space: history of how we think about the history of space, being a wet blanket about frontier mythology - you are speaking to the right people, “there are beautiful dreams, but I feel like the beautiful dreams tend to crack when you look at them with a little more detail”, “cows are just a nonstarter in space”, goat cheese pizza was great for morale, finally we can stop poisoning ourselves with taro, vegans are great on mars, the only life threatening scorpion you can find the US makes it onto Noah’s ark, solar is great but not when there’s dust storms, we have dormant nuclear reactors in space, Simpson reactors, in conclusion: we’re not ready, it’s not as easy as making a terrarium, closed loop ecologies are not normal, who knows what happens 10 years in, “this is the problem with talking to Zach and I”, the superior Weinsersmith has subsumed the other in a violent coup, this isn’t a hypothetical: “there’s answers to these questions”, mars religion, you can’t take your barbies and go home on mars, literally no one wanted to do dish duty, SELL THEIR HOUSES TO WHO BEN FUCKING AQUAMAN, “being able to leave is HUGE for so many reasons”, “so Zach and I are both cowards”, speculating is good to imagine problems to avoid them which is maybe the least funny answer I’ve given, “you can’t jump back to roman law”, “I think the book is much better because of our conflicts”, going on research walks,  we don’t have time for space law, “that’s not a common response Tom”

    Sources:
    A City on Mars!
    The Weinersmith's article on Frontier Mythology and Space
    The Weinersmith's paper in the journal Space Policy on Space Communes

    57: Don't Lose Your Head! and Constructed Languages

    57: Don't Lose Your Head! and Constructed Languages

    Losing your head isn't good, but what actually happens, and what can it tell us about animals, ethics, and bad science? And what is a constructed language, when does it fail, and when can it be use to make great... art? As they say, Ni Lernu Ĉion!

    Content Warning that today's science topic can be a bit grim, so if you want, you can skip ahead to 54:54

    Things we Talk About:
    Mike The Chicken
    Sea Slug Moving
    The Narmer Palette

    Timestamps:
    (00:00:00) Intro
    (00:02:36) Don't Lose Your Head!
    (00:54:55) Constructed Languages
    (01:36:55) Outro

    Support us with a Max Fun Membership!

    Join our Discord!

    We also learn about:

    Pretty clear cut or chopped, did we need to write this down? why do you die when you lose your head? let’s start with a deep philosophical question: are we our brains? Tom clearly doesn’t know Mike the chicken, Mike was the original pitch for Charlotte’s Web, mooching some slugs, The Mystery of the Beheading of Elysia Marginata, capital punishment comes from beheadings, the guillotine could behead 20 people per hour, “the most gentle of lethal methods”, …do you guys not have the death penalty? ethics of rat euthanasia, Canavero’s bogus self published head transplants, like the language you’re speaking RIGHT NOW, Auxiliary Engineered and Artistic Languages, Tom falls into Ella’s Esperanto trap, Esperanto was banned and persecuted, the benefit of Esperanto is it has no culture, English is a language of exceptions, 1850 to 1920 people were going WILD constructing languages, none of us had heard of Volapük, “a language without umlauts sounds monotonous, harsh, and boring”, the language wars, a priest and an eye doctor trying to solve the tower of babel, Esperanto has “dipthongs - ugly!”, “rattling an hard bony R”, Artlang POP QUIZ, for Tolkeins the languages came first, english is a tapestry of languages and artlangs can convey that, the use of purposefully meaningless artlangs, soo soo! NOOT NOOT! boyhowdy! nonsense languages have universality, citing the pingu fan wiki, is penguinese more universal than esperanto??? Toki Pona, newspeak, “and that brings us strangely and sharply to the end of the topic”, appreciating real turtles and robot turtles.

    Sources:

    BBC: The Chicken That Lived For 18 Months Without a Head
    Britannica: How Mike the Chicken Survived Without a Head
    Scientific America: Fact or Fiction?: A Cockroach Can Live without Its Head
    New York Times: Meet the Sea Slugs That Chop Off Their Heads and Grow New Bodies
    NewsWeek: Did Anne Boleyn Really Speak After She Was Beheaded? Here's the Science
    American Historical Association: Narmer Palette
    2023 Paper: "The Most Gentle of Lethal Methods": The Question of Retained Consciousness Following Decapitation
    1975 Paper: EEG Evaluation of Humaneness of Asphyxia and Decapitation Euthanasia of the Laboratory Rat
    2013 Paper: Electroencephalographic Evaluation of Decapitation of the Anaesthetized Rat
    2011 Paper: Decapitation in Rats: Latency to Unconsciousness and the ‘Wave of Death’
    1991 Paper: Pain Perception in Decapitated Rat Brain
    New Scientist: Head transplant carried out on monkey, claims maverick surgeon
    2019 Paper: First Human Head Transplantation: Surgically Challenging, Ethically Controversial and Historically Tempting
    The Guardian: First Full Body Transplant is Two Years Away, Surgeon Claims
    The Telegraph: First Head Transplant Successfully Carried Out on Monkey, Claims Surgeon
    Vice: Head Transplant Surgeon Claims Human Brain Transplants Are 'Technically Feasible'
    2017 Paper: Surgical, eEthical, and Psychosocial Considerations in Human Head Transplantation
    ---
    Constructed languages:
    Francois Rabelais
    International Auxiliary Languages
    Esperanto
    Esperanto 2: electric boogaloo
    Native Esperanto Speakers
    Why Learn Esperanto:
    English language exceptions
    Creating new words in Esperanto
    Volapük
    Trüth, Beaüty, and Volapük
    Quenya
    Quenya Course
    Klingon Language Institute
    TGIF in Simlish
    How Simlish was Created
    Penguinese
    Penguinese example
    Animalese
    Animalese example
    Polygon on Animalese
    Toki Pona:
    Sapir–Whorf hypothesis
    Experimental languages
    Newspeak
    Newspeak Dictionary

    Let's Learn Everything!
    enFebruary 29, 2024

    56: Are We Still Evolving? & Famous First Messages

    56: Are We Still Evolving? & Famous First Messages

    How have human beings evolved, and how could we evolve in the future?  And what are some famous first messages, and what can we learn from looking at them?

    Images we Talk About:
    Telegram
    First Record Image
    Second Record Image
    Other Record Images

    Tom's Ingenuity Comic

    Support us with a Max Fun Membership!

    Join our Discord!

    Timestamps:
    (00:00:00) Intro
    (00:03:15) Are We Still Evolving?
    (00:52:00) Famous First Messages
    (01:38:17) Outro

    We also learn about:

    DANGER BOO BOO, Ella has her own discord?? homo sapiens were 300,000 years ago but humans were 2.5 million, homo sapiens coexisted with 8 other human species, homo habilis was chilling for a million years, the homo hunger games, neanderthals had sewing needles and clothing, they seem so human because they are, maybe it was our chins, it’s hard enough not to anthropomorphize other animals let alone other humans, humans were the same height 40,000 years ago, humans may have lost height from being shit at farming, we have smaller brains but that doesn’t mean we’re less smart, natural selection & mutation & gene flow & gene drift, the iphone gave us smaller jaws, melanin is about synthesizing that sweet sweet vitamin D, we have evolved the adaptation of diversity, physical appearance is mostly just vitamin D and warmth - that’s it, it’s not good genes vs bad genes, microevolution, “instead of a mass of clones, we are already starting to see a glorious riot of variations”, this is all speculation, “we’re very unpredictable”, hello world! I learned it by watching you!! shouting and switching places, Tom live writes fanfic, purpose & imagination & inspiration, no YOU hang up, WHAT HATH GOD WROUGHT, hey is your daughter okay? tone poems, Ella bled for her art in *checks notes* We Will Rock You, the dynamic range of the alpine symphony, if found please return littered golden record to Earth, ooh criteria! images on the record are COPYRIGHTED, who knows if they’ll be in the public domain by the time aliens get it, the beauty of the calibration circle, pulsar map, Ella’s not inspired, Caroline inspires Ella a bit, mixing up the golden plaque and golden record, MIR LENIN SSSR, DISREGARD PREVIOUS MESSAGE USA FOREVER

    Sources:
    Homo Habilis
    Natural History Museum on The Origin of Our Species
    Other Human Species
    The Guardian on Neanderthals
    Why were homo sapians the winners?
    How have we changed?
    When did we become fully human?
    Factors Driving Evolution
    Factors Driving Evolution 2
    The Role of Geography in Human Adaptation
    Early Human Height Estimation
    Genetic Drift
    Has Human Evolution Topped?
    What will humans look like in 1 million years
    Sickle Cell Anemia 
    Scientific American No, humans have not stopped evolving 
    ---
    All Wikipedia's Hello World Programs
    Bell's Journals from Library of Congress
    Wired on First Phone Call
    First Telegram from Library of Congress
    First Test Compacy Disc
    Stephen Johnson What is a Tone Poem?
    Houston Symphony on Strauss's Tone Poems
    Boston Sympohony Orchestra on Alpine Symphony
    NASA on Voyager Record
    NASA on Pioneer Plaque
    First MIR Message to Space
    Ray Tomlinson's First Email

    Let's Learn Everything!
    enFebruary 15, 2024

    55: Evolving Electricity & What's "Women's Work"?

    55: Evolving Electricity & What's "Women's Work"?

    How did eels evolve electricity? And when is "women's work" neither women's nor work?

    Images we Talk About:
    Socks
    More Socks
    Thimble
    Bag
    Crochet Art

    Timestamps:
    (00:00:00) Intro
    (00:03:26) Evolving Electricity
    (00:51:13) "Women's Work"
    (01:38:46) Outro

    Support us with a Max Fun Membership!

    Join our Discord!

    We also learn about: 

    Happy moisturizer to all who celebrate, Ella’s just here for moral support, when did they put batteries in eels, someone's just statically charging these eels, what did we call electric eels before electricity? why would we think lightning and a fish are the same thing? the necrotizing torpedo and the torpor eel, Aristotle was a shite time traveler, “in all of humanity, if people think they can pout it up their asshole they will”, Allessandro Volta what a convenient name, electric fish gave us the battery not the other way around, the electric organ, when did electricity evolve? electric organ discharge, electrogenesis, it’s not an eel! get in line with the other animals that need their names fixed, 90% of an eel is electric organ, what does it feel like? turning fish to stone, shocks can function like a neurotoxin, the electric doublet can make fish twitch, Ella has a revelation, the physics is the biology, it’s all electric baby, magnetic animals 2 electric boogaloo, the domestic arts, This Woman’s Work, it was never always women’s work, old socks, but what does this have to do with men?? Ella predicts the British stealing a sock, male knitting guilds, knitting fishermen makes perfect sense, knitting was “compatible” with many kinds of life, mechanized knitting made it feminized,   of course it’s always intersectionality, you know what’s appropriate for a woman is to do this thing we don’t need anymore, being demoted as an art form, “male art vs female craft”, Caroline’s just doing this topic to show their crochet is art, weaponizing the male ego to bring back knitting, bequeathing a valuable and symbolic thimble, Tom gets emotional over a salacious thimble, if that’s not art what is, also I can't believe you actually read all these thanks <3 - Tom, spinning bees to defy the British and seize the means of production, “Artists’ Suffrage League”, Faith Wilding and Harmony Hammond, craftivism, it’s not “women’s work” it’s “everyone’s art”.

    Sources:
    The Amazing Paper: The Torpedo Effect in Medicine
    Atlantic on Electric Eels
    Aristotle on Electric Eels
    Greg Gbur on Electric Eels and Physics
    Piccolino's Great Paper on the History of Volta's Experimentation
    National Zoo Electric Eel Facts
    NYTimes on Electric Eel Shocks
    Tremendous Eel Behavior Writeup from Kenneth Catania
    Reuters on Electric Eel Evolution
    Science Paper on Electric Eel Evolution
    Amber Plante on Electric Cells
    Electric Bacteria
    ---
    Melissa Hilliard Potter Talk
    V&A: The history of hand-knitting
    The Crafty Gentleman: The History of Knitting
    This Is Gendered: Knitting
    "2012 Paper: Knitting as Dissent: Female Resistance in America Since the
    Revolutionary War"
    Cooper Hewitt: A Revolution In Stockings
    Brooklyn Museum: Women’s Work
    Art Margins: Recrafting Futures: Feminist Practices of Material Engagement
    V&A Blog: ‘A Stitch in Time: Home Sewing Before 1900’
    NGV: The Power of ‘Women’s Work’: Craftivism
    PBS: Stitch by Stitch, A Brief History of Knitting and Activism
    University of Bath: #BreakTheBias: Is knitting a feminist issue?
    Harpy: The Art of Embroidery
    2014 Paper: Craftivism: The Role of Feminism in Craft Activism
    The Daily Utah Chronical: Lien: Female Rebellion and Why Craft Matters
    2016 Paper: Quiet Activism and the New Amateur

    Let's Learn Everything!
    enFebruary 01, 2024

    New Year Q&A

    New Year Q&A

    It's our annual Q&A episode where we look back on 2023 and answer your questions to learn about our process, our favorite things, and each other!

    Support us with a Max Fun Membership!

    Join our Discord!

    We also learn about: Ella gets on the album, Dodie is very frog people music, pigeons fruit flies and sloths, our favorite topics of each others,  black holes and microscopes and extinct animals, there’s one whole picture of Ella and Caroline, I need more than 5 seconds of this lady, Nessie Krampus and the Jersey Devil, Who the Hell is Edgar? the cursed 2nd spot in Eurovision, just do it! build a portfolio and experience and find local stuff in your area, alergic reaction to Tom’s joke, Australian Ella, card games, moved to tears by taskmaster, Skip & Loafer and Frieren, Baldur’s Gate is a 10/10, Caroline can read?? Under the Whispering Door and Life isn’t Binary, struggling through house of leaves, DRCL, Barbie and Evil Dead, i hate the sandpaper slide, field common questions, people do actually want to know about methodology, questions that are best answered by a different question, getting your own field explained to you, our school journeys, different kinds of learning, programming decision anxiety, getting to code for a thing you care about helps you learn, FUN! we’re actually ahead of schedule to learn everything, attacking Tom from different angles, seagul-gate, Ella producing with Jono in the studio, listening to Story Break at Lunch, let’s just say the Eras tour is going to be very interesting this year, putting it into the aether, if you want to change something you’ll do it tomorrow, the mellotron and babatone, distance, fun.

     

    Let's Learn Everything!
    enJanuary 04, 2024

    54: The HaLearnDay Extravaganza!

    54: The HaLearnDay Extravaganza!

    It's the HaLearnDays!  The time of year when we share gifts of fun facts from us and friends of the show!

    Support us with a Max Fun Membership!

    Join our Discord!

    We also learn about: 

    I wish Katie and Alex were real, pooping every 20 minutes, a human creates 320 pounds of poop a year, when I think about dangerous, “when I think of dangerous bird boop”, cube pooped saves on the poly count, poopin and pleasin, Watching the Sky and Thinking a Thought, smuggling instruments to space, sonic boooooms, this is obviously a Caroline gift, The National Christmas Tree Association, liberals want you to burn your christmas trees, the ACTA is very different from the NCTA, bury me with my artificial tree  in a cemetery under an artificial lawn, rudely scrutinizing a gift from Hank, Caroline’s read The Grinch who Re-tabulated a Fact they Got, $25 Barns & Noble Gift Card, Caroline and Ella negotiate money from Tom, identifying unwrapped baked goods in Japan, hot cross buns and melanoma, Ella Laterals us, British Scorpios can’t give blood in the US, we all definitely remember Ella was born in Germany, “destroying” cows, Janet pulled out all the stops with the science, vibrissae, wash bears, Ella ones up her fly sperm fact with Kangaroo Vaginas, whaaat’s the deal with the third vagina, false cloaca, kangaroos can house 3 kids at the same time, Ella’s in her kangaroo vagina era, our first favorite Tom piss on pity, running over Christ Tarrant’s foot, plougs and shootouts, should all our fun facts be forgot and days of old lang syne.

    Sources:

    Goose Poop
    Goose Poop 2 Electric Boogaloo
    How much do human poop?
    Why do geese poop so much?
    Wombat Poop
    Guiness World Records on First Song in Space
    Pavel Popovych
    Nasa Wakeup Calls History
    Smithsonian Mag on Schirra & Stafford
    Harmonica from Gemini
    Cleo's Video on Supersonic Flight
    Soil Association: Real VS Fake
    Washington Post: Are Real or Artificial Christmas Trees Better for the Environment?
    NOAA Sperm Whale Info
    UN FAO Data on Human Seafood Consumption
    Lower Estimate of Whale Population
    Higher Estimate of Whale Population
    Sabrina's RomCom Video
    People: When Harry Met Sally
    New Yorker: The Pastry AI That Learned to Fight Cancer
    Varsity: What do Bread and Cancer Cells Have in Common?
    FDA Blood Donation Ban
    UTexas on Raccoon Brains
    Raccoon Brains Compared to Other Animals
    PGC on Raccoons
    1963 Paper on Dabbling
    Kangaroos have 3 vaginas
    Bob the Fish Video Essay on ITV Telethon
    Barbara Lisicki "The Day we Pissed on Pity"
    NDACA on the Block Telethon Protest
    Disabled People's Archive on Block Telethon

    Let's Learn Everything!
    enDecember 21, 2023

    53: Making Superheavy Elements, and Celebrating Public Domain Day

    53: Making Superheavy Elements, and Celebrating Public Domain Day

    What are the superheavy elements, and how did we make them?  And what is public domain day, and why is next year's going to be so interesting?

    Things we Talk About:

    The Mickey Mouse Curve

    Support us with a Max Fun Membership!

    Join our Discord!

    Timestamps:
    (00:00:00) Intro
    (00:03:17) Superheavy Elements
    (00:37:41) Public Domain Day
    (01:19:19) Outro

    We also learn about: 

    It’s like we’re in school again, ordering the periodic table before discovering the electron, Mendelev didn't even like electrons, the nucleus is an atomic juggling act, atomic high jinks, the Fermi paradox, the Fermi problem, the number of piano tuners in Chicago, smashing elements into new ones, that’s why it’s called nuclear physics, receiving a Nobel and then fleeing Italy then learning your Nobel was wrong, accidentally discovering nuclear fission instead, we all so Barbie we knew this was leading to bombs, uranium neptunium plutonium, nobody cared because they didn’t want to draw attention to this during WORLD WAR 2, how does this keep happening i thought i was smart, the radioactive avengers, metropolis, I only scream about ice cream for anticapitalist purposes, none of this is legal advice, you know the patent stealing guy Edison, trademarks patents and copyright, JK Rowling patented a new kind of transphobia, the US constitution mentions copyright, the Micky Mouse Curve, even Bobel winning economists agree copyright extension is bad, happy hbomberguy video day, YouTube sucks at Fair Use, Mr Boop, Night of the Living Dead on Wikipedia, we’re IP pilled, SO MANY DISNEY MOVIES ARE BASED ON PUBLIC DOMAIN STORIES, it’s not open season on Mickey, “he can be naughty”, canine enthusiasm is unprotectable by copyright, Pride and Prejudice but Mr Darcy is a Vape God, Frank Capra is proud that It’s a Wonderful Life grew in the public domain, “battle lines will have to be drawn”, which two elements would YOU smoosh together?

    Sources:
    Superheavy by Kit Chapman
    How to read the periodic table 
    Fermi Paradox
    Fermi Problem
    Timeline of chemical element discoveries 
    ---
    Jennifer Jenkins' Amazing Post on Public Domain Day
    Jennifer Jenkins Duke Law Article on Public Domain Day
    US Patent and Trademark Office on Definitions
    JK Rowling is a Terf
    More JK Rowling is a Terf
    Association of Research Libraries on Copyright Timeline
    NYTimes on Mickey Mouse Entering Public Domain
    The Mickey Mouse Curve
    Economists Argument Against Copyright Extension
    Variety's Review of Steamboat Willie
    Nebula Founder Dave Wiskus on Fair Use
    EFF on Public Domain
    Verge on Enola Holmes Copyright
    Argument Presented Against Enola Holmes
    The Public Domain Review
    Florence Welch Gatsby Musical
    Dick Cody Heese Video
    BBC: It's a Wonderful Life's Public Domain Journey
    Wallace McLean's First Email about Public Domain Day
    Karyn Temple on Public Dommain

    Let's Learn Everything!
    enDecember 07, 2023

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