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    Mexico Has a New President. Will She Be Different?

    enJune 03, 2024

    Podcast Summary

    • Mexico's new president and Lopez ObradorNew female and Jewish Mexican president Claudia Schoenbaum, with PhD in energy engineering and US education, follows in mentor AMLO's footsteps, raising questions about her independence

      Claudia Schoenbaum, Mexico's new president, will be following in the footsteps of her mentor Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, despite her claims of ruling independently. Schoenbaum, the first female and Jewish president in Mexico's history, won in a landslide victory. Her background includes a PhD in energy engineering and a family of academics. Her grandparents were Jewish refugees from Eastern Europe who faced antisemitism and Nazism. Schoenbaum spent time studying in the US, taking classes at universities like Berkeley and Stanford. Her victory marks a historic moment for Mexico, but it remains to be seen how much she will deviate from Lopez Obrador's policies. Despite her promises of independence, her close relationship with her predecessor raises questions about the extent of her autonomy.

    • Mexico City mayoral achievementsInvestment in police training led to a decrease in Mexico City's homicide rate during Claudia Schoenbaum's tenure. Her political career began in the US, helping migrant workers, and she later joined Lopez Obrador's party, Morena. Despite controversies, she remains a significant figure in Mexican politics.

      Claudia Schoenbaum, the first female mayor of Mexico City, made significant strides in reducing crime rates and improving transportation infrastructure during her tenure. A key achievement was her investment in police training and capacity building, enabling them to conduct investigations and intelligence gathering, which is uncommon in Mexico. This led to a substantial decrease in the city's homicide rate. Additionally, Schoenbaum's political career began when she helped organize migrant workers in the US and later joined Lopez Obrador's political party, Morena. Despite controversies such as the metro line collapse, she has continued to be a prominent figure in Mexican politics, with Lopez Obrador's rise to presidency in 2018. His populist policies, including raising minimum wages and cash handouts, have boosted his popularity.

    • Mexico's security crisisClaudia Sheinbaum, a disciplined figure in Mexican politics, is a key supporter of President Andrés Manuel Lopez Obrador and expected to play a role in addressing Mexico's long-standing security crisis. Criminal organizations have gained control of more territories, highlighting the urgent need for effective measures.

      Claudia Sheinbaum, a key supporter and favorite of Mexican President Andrés Manuel Lopez Obrador, stands out as a disciplined and methodical figure in contrast to Lopez Obrador's charismatic and folksy demeanor. Despite their differences, Sheinbaum's loyalty and career dependence on Lopez Obrador have made her a popular figure among his supporters. However, Mexico is facing a long-standing crisis in security, with criminal organizations gaining control of more and more territories. Shane Baum, a figure mentioned in the text, is expected to play a role in addressing this crisis and "saving the nation." This highlights the pressing need for effective measures to address Mexico's security challenges. Overall, the discussion underscores the importance of loyalty and charisma in Mexican politics, as well as the urgent need for action to address the country's security issues.

    • Mexico-US relationsThe upcoming presidency of Claudia Schoenbaum in Mexico could lead to improved US relations due to her distinct vision and cooperative stance on security matters

      The upcoming presidency of Claudia Schoenbaum in Mexico could potentially lead to improved relations with the US compared to the current administration of Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador. Schoenbaum, who is seen as a protege of Lopez Obrador but with her own distinct vision, has had good relations with the US during her tenure as Mexico City's mayor. In security matters, she has welcomed more cooperation from the US, unlike Lopez Obrador whose security policies have been ambivalent. On economic policy, Schoenbaum plans to continue Lopez Obrador's programs of subsidies and pensions. However, in contrast to Lopez Obrador's social welfare approach to crime, Schoenbaum is expected to take a more cooperative stance with the US in addressing the role of organized crime. US officials are hopeful for better relations and have previously reached tacit agreements with Mexico to help stop migrants from entering the US in exchange for not scrutinizing other areas of Mexican policy. Schoenbaum's presidency could therefore mark a shift in Mexico's approach to the US, with the potential for more dialogue and cooperation on shared concerns.

    • Mexico's economic relationship with USMexico's incoming president, Claudia Sheinbaum, plans to continue the economic relationship with the US, attract more American companies through 'near shoring', maintain the free trade treaty, and create 100 industrial parks to boost job creation.

      Claudia Sheinbaum, Mexico's incoming president, is positioning herself to continue the economic and trade relationship with the United States, while also attracting more American companies through the "near shoring" phenomenon. She aims to create 100 industrial parks, maintain the free trade treaty with the US, Canada, and Mexico, and sees the relationship with the US as essential for Mexico's economy and job creation. She also plans to walk a fine line between being a continuation of her popular predecessor, Lopez Obrador, and being an independent leader. Despite concerns about the dominance of Lopez Obrador's Morena party and potential weakening of Mexican democracy, Schoenbaum has assured the protection of free speech and a free press, and will never turn to authoritarianism. With strong election results and control of Congress, she has the opportunity to advance her party's agenda.

    • Impact of Lopez Obrador on Baum's tenure as mayorThe success of Shane Baum as Mexico City's mayor depends on the involvement of her predecessor, Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador. His retirement and distance from politics could impact her ability to keep his party together, adding uncertainty to her tenure.

      The success of Shane Baum, Mexico City's newly elected female mayor, in governing independently hinges on the future involvement of her predecessor, Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador. Lopez Obrador's retirement and distance from politics will significantly impact Baum's ability to keep his party together. This uncertainty adds to the questions surrounding Baum's tenure as mayor. The episode also noted a correction from a previous reporting error, stating that Baum was the first woman elected as Mexico City's mayor, not the first female mayor. The journal is a co-production of Spotify and The Wall Street Journal, with additional reporting by Anthony Harrop, Steve Fisher, and Santiago Perez.

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