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    #398 – Mark Zuckerberg: First Interview in the Metaverse

    The development of AI and personalized AI systems offers exciting possibilities for our future, but there is still much to learn about what works, diversity, and the balance between personalization and generality.

    enSeptember 28, 2023

    About this Episode

    Mark Zuckerberg is CEO of Meta. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack - InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off - Eight Sleep: https://www.eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings - AG1: https://drinkag1.com/lex to get 1 month supply of fish oil - NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/mark-zuckerberg-3-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Mark's Facebook: https://facebook.com/zuck Mark's Instagram: https://instagram.com/zuck Mark's Threads: https://threads.net/@zuck Meta AI: https://ai.meta.com/ Meta Quest: https://www.meta.com/quest/ Meta Connect 2023: https://www.metaconnect.com PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (08:38) - Metaverse (23:01) - Quest 3 (37:50) - Nature of reality (42:28) - AI in the Metaverse (59:26) - Large language models (1:05:23) - Future of humanity

    🔑 Key Takeaways

    • Virtual reality avatars and spatial audio create immersive and meaningful experiences, enabling realistic conversations and bridging physical distances for online communication.
    • The development of the metaverse aims to enable quick and realistic facial scans through cell phones, offering immersive virtual interactions and activities. Further improvements are needed for customized emotive expressions.
    • Virtual and mixed reality technology, including avatars and digital expressions, has the potential to revolutionize communication by enabling intimate conversations, realistic remote meetings, and enhanced emotional connections.
    • The Quest 3 headset from Facebook brings significant improvements in resolution, display quality, and performance, while introducing mixed reality capabilities and advanced hand tracking technology, making VR more immersive, accessible, and realistic.
    • The integration of photorealistic avatars and holograms is transforming our reality, allowing for seamless superimposition of digital objects on the physical world and blurring the boundaries between physical and virtual presence.
    • The future of avatars is uncertain, with a debate between photorealistic and expressive avatars. Issues of self-expression, accuracy, and identity arise, making it unclear which type will dominate in the future.
    • The development of the metaverse brings opportunities for interacting with deceased loved ones, but striking a balance between healthy grieving and potential pitfalls requires careful consideration and addressing ethical and technical challenges.
    • AI technology has the potential to revolutionize various aspects of our lives, from assisting with tasks and providing information to enhancing gaming experiences and creating virtual personas.
    • The development of the metaverse brings new opportunities for immersive experiences, emphasizing the need to integrate physical movement and interaction. However, ethical considerations are essential to strike a balance between freedom and avoiding harm in this blended world.
    • The digital world presents both challenges, such as toxic behaviors, and opportunities, such as virtual connectivity and advanced AI models like LAMA 2, which can greatly benefit society if used responsibly and integrated into consumer products.
    • The development of AI and personalized AI systems offers exciting possibilities for our future, but there is still much to learn about what works, diversity, and the balance between personalization and generality.
    • As technology advances, it is important to remember the value of our physical existence and prioritize consciousness and subjective experience to create richer connections in the digital world.

    📝 Podcast Summary

    Revolutionizing human connection through virtual reality.

    Virtual reality technology has the potential to revolutionize human connection on the internet. The conversation between Lex Fridman and Mark Zuckerberg inside the metaverse showcases the incredible realism and immersion that can be achieved through photorealistic codec avatars and spatial audio. These avatars capture the nuances of facial expressions and communication, creating a deeply meaningful experience. The technology behind these avatars, such as scanning and encoding, is constantly improving to make it more accessible for everyone. The vision is to enable people to have realistic conversations with loved ones and create a sense of presence, regardless of physical distance. Virtual reality has the power to redefine how we connect and communicate online.

    Advancing the Metaverse: Fast and Realistic Facial Scans for Immersive Interactions

    The development of the metaverse is focused on creating a technology that allows for quick and efficient scans of individuals using their cell phones. The goal is to capture high-quality facial expressions and emotions within a few minutes, bringing a realistic experience to virtual meetings and interactions. Currently, the challenge lies in efficiently producing these scans, as the existing technology requires hours of sitting for the process. Additionally, the ability to physically participate in activities together in the metaverse, like playing games or attending meetings, is seen as a powerful aspect that sets it apart from video calls on phones. Despite the initial success in crossing the uncanny valley, there is still a need for fine-tuning and customization of emotive expressions for each individual. Overall, the metaverse holds immense potential for transformative experiences in the future.

    The Transformative Potential of Virtual and Mixed Reality in Communication

    Mark Zuckerberg and Lex Fridman are excited about the potential of remote communication and the advancements in virtual and mixed reality technology. They discuss the possibility of achieving intimate conversations and realistic remote meetings through avatars and digital expressions. Zuckerberg mentions the gradual rollout of these features, aiming for a more accessible and mainstream product in the next few years. The conversation also highlights the importance of optimizing fidelity, particularly focusing on facial expressions, to enhance emotional connection. Additionally, the upcoming release of Quest 3, a more affordable and improved mixed reality device, signifies Zuckerberg's commitment to making innovative technology available to a wider audience. Overall, this discussion emphasizes the transformative power of virtual and mixed reality in revolutionizing communication and social interactions.

    Introducing the Quest 3: A Revolution in Virtual Reality

    The upcoming Quest 3 headset from Facebook is set to revolutionize the virtual reality (VR) experience. This new device boasts significant improvements in resolution, display quality, and overall performance, thanks to a stronger chipset and better graphics. However, the real game-changer is the introduction of mixed reality (MR) capabilities, which allow users to overlay digital objects and representations onto their physical environment. Not only does this enhance immersion and the 3D experience, but it also provides a sense of security and comfort by allowing users to remain anchored in the real world. Furthermore, Quest 3 aims to make VR more accessible by eliminating the need for hand controllers through its advanced hand tracking technology. With millions of people expected to adopt Quest 3, the developer community will have an opportunity to innovate and build exciting experiences for users. Overall, the Quest 3 represents a significant advancement in VR technology that promises to offer a safer, more realistic, and immersive experience for users.

    Bridging the Gap Between Physical and Digital Worlds

    The advancement in technology is bringing the physical and digital worlds together into a single coherent experience. With the integration of photorealistic avatars and holograms, we can expect a future where digital objects are seamlessly superimposed on the physical world. This convergence allows for a wide range of possibilities, such as instantiating holographic versions of books, art, games, and more. Moreover, it goes beyond mere objects and extends to embodying artificial intelligence entities in meetings and social interactions. The ultimate goal is to create a realistic and immersive digital experience that complements our physical existence. This technology not only enhances our everyday activities but also brings people closer together, enabling mixed hangouts and blurring the line between physical and virtual presence.

    The Uncertain Future of Avatars and Digital Experiences

    The future of avatars and digital experiences is still uncertain. Mark Zuckerberg and Lex Fridman discuss the possibility of people preferring either photorealistic avatars or more expressive, cartoon-like avatars. They both acknowledge the value of photorealistic avatars in providing a high-quality experience, such as virtually sitting on a beach with a friend. However, the question arises of whether people will become more comfortable with non-realistic avatars that allow for greater self-expression. Additionally, there is the issue of temporal accuracy, as avatars may not represent an individual's current physical appearance. These discussions raise deeper philosophical questions about identity and how we perceive ourselves. Ultimately, the balance between photorealistic and expressive avatars remains to be seen, but both will likely have their uses in the future.

    Exploring the Challenges of the Metaverse: Technology, Death, and Identity

    The development of the metaverse raises questions about the intersection of technology, death, and identity. While the idea of being able to interact with loved ones who have passed away in the metaverse may seem appealing, there are important considerations to be made. Mark Zuckerberg acknowledges that there needs to be a balance between providing a space for grieving individuals to interact or relive memories and preventing it from becoming unhealthy. Best practices from the current digital world, such as protocols for memorializing social media profiles, can provide some guidance. Additionally, the potential for AI to play a role in this intersection is explored, with the possibility of creating AI avatars that allow people to interact with creators or loved ones. However, ethical and technical challenges must be addressed before such capabilities can be fully realized.

    Harnessing the Power of AI for Fun, Business, and Convenience

    AI technology has the potential to empower individuals, businesses, and social interactions in various ways. Mark Zuckerberg emphasizes the importance of utilizing AI to help people have more fun, achieve their business goals, and simplify tasks. From simple AI assistants that can provide factual information and assist with various issues, to AI-powered tools that allow natural conversations and connections with businesses, the possibilities are vast. Additionally, AI can enhance gaming experiences, enriching interactions and introducing new dimensions to gameplay. Furthermore, AI can be used to create virtual personas, such as the dungeon master embodied by Snoop Dogg, but careful consideration must be given to ensure the AI respects the desired boundaries and values of the creators. Overall, AI holds promise in revolutionizing numerous aspects of our lives.

    The Metaverse: Bridging the Gap Between Physical and Digital Realms

    The development of the metaverse, a blended physical and digital world, opens up new possibilities and experiences that we don't have in the physical realm. Mark Zuckerberg emphasizes the importance of integrating physical movement and interaction into computing products, acknowledging that humans are not meant to be stagnant. The goal is to create a more cohesive and immersive world where people can fluidly transition between the physical and digital domains. However, as we navigate the metaverse, there will be ethical and philosophical challenges. Determining the boundaries of what is allowed in this new realm, considering the distinction between video games and physical reality, requires careful consideration. While certain activities, like virtual shooting, may seem harmless in a digital environment, we need to ensure that we do not infringe upon the rights and well-being of others. Ultimately, the metaverse should strike a balance between freedom and avoiding harm, providing a space for innovative and diverse experiences.

    The Digital World: Challenges and Opportunities

    The digital world brings new challenges and opportunities. With increased anonymity, there is a decrease in the incentive to act as a good citizen, leading to toxic behaviors. However, the digital world also breaks down barriers and defies the laws of physics in terms of connectivity. Virtual meetings and experiences allow people to feel physically together, creating new opportunities for remote work and cultural exchange. The development of advanced AI models like LAMA 2 brings excitement and potential, with the value of open sourcing such models outweighing the risks. The focus now is on integrating LAMA 2 into consumer products and fine-tuning it for widespread use. The future holds even more advancements in foundation models.

    Exploring the Boundaries and Potentials of AI in Personalized AI Systems

    The development of AI and personalized AI systems is leading to an exciting conversation about the future of AI and its integration into our lives. With AI personas and the ability to interact with them, we are discovering the boundaries, failures, and potentials of this technology. Mark Zuckerberg's focus on diversity and allowing people to try different use cases shows that there is still a lot to learn about what works and what people enjoy. The open sourcing of AI systems like Alma is contributing to this learning process and allowing society to figure out the right balance between personalization and generality. Additionally, the idea of a metaverse and the ability to have intimate one-on-one conversations with anyone can potentially change civilization in ways we can't even predict yet. The combination of the physical and digital worlds is reshaping our understanding of reality.

    Embracing the Physical and Digital Worlds

    The digital world is advancing rapidly, offering us incredible capabilities, but it shouldn't overshadow the importance of our physical existence. Mark Zuckerberg emphasizes the profoundness of the physical world and the essence of being human. While technology continues to evolve, it is crucial not to lose sight of the social and psychological aspects that are inherently tied to physical presence. The advent of new computing platforms, like the metaverse, aims to bridge the gap between physical and digital experiences, delivering the benefits of shared presence, intimacy, trust, and nonverbal communication. This shift towards prioritizing consciousness and subjective experience over physical space challenges the traditional understanding of reality. It represents a profound frontier that Facebook aims to explore and build upon, offering richer and more vivid ways to express ourselves and connect with others.

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    #423 – Tulsi Gabbard: War, Politics, and the Military Industrial Complex

    #423 – Tulsi Gabbard: War, Politics, and the Military Industrial Complex
    Tulsi Gabbard is a politician, veteran, and author of For Love of Country. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - Riverside: https://creators.riverside.fm/LEX and use code LEX to get 30% off - ExpressVPN: https://expressvpn.com/lexpod to get 3 months free - NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour - Notion: https://notion.com/lex Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/tulsi-gabbard-transcript EPISODE LINKS: For Love of Country (book): https://amzn.to/3VLlofM Tulsi's X: https://x.com/tulsigabbard Tulsi's YouTube: https://youtube.com/@TulsiGabbard Tulsi's Podcast: https://youtube.com/@TheTulsiGabbardShow Tulsi's Instagram: https://instagram.com/tulsigabbard Tulsi's Facebook: https://facebook.com/TulsiGabbard Tulsi's Website: https://tulsigabbard.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (07:14) - War in Iraq (15:00) - Battle injuries and PTSD (22:10) - War on terrorism (30:51) - War in Gaza (34:52) - War in Ukraine (38:38) - Syria (46:20) - Warmongers (55:40) - Nuclear war (1:11:08) - TikTok ban (1:23:13) - Bernie Sanders (1:28:08) - Politics (1:46:59) - Personal attacks (1:49:07) - God

    #422 – Mark Cuban: Shark Tank, DEI & Wokeism Debate, Elon Musk, Politics & Drugs

    #422 – Mark Cuban: Shark Tank, DEI & Wokeism Debate, Elon Musk, Politics & Drugs
    Mark Cuban is a businessman, investor, star of TV series Shark Tank, long-time principal owner of Dallas Mavericks, and founder of Cost Plus Drugs. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - Listening: https://listening.com/lex and use code LEX to get one month free - Cloaked: https://cloaked.com/lex and use code LexPod to get 25% off - Notion: https://notion.com/lex - Eight Sleep: https://eightsleep.com/lex to get special savings - Shopify: https://shopify.com/lex to get $1 per month trial Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/mark-cuban-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Mark's X: https://twitter.com/mcuban Mark's Instagram: https://instagram.com/mcuban Cost Plus Drugs: https://costplusdrugs.com Shark Tank: https://abc.com/shows/shark-tank Dallas Mavericks: https://www.mavs.com PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (11:10) - Entrepreneurship (26:03) - Shark Tank (36:29) - How Mark made first billion (1:02:39) - Dallas Mavericks (1:08:05) - DEI debate (1:43:58) - Trump vs Biden (1:46:20) - Immigration (1:55:53) - Drugs and Big Pharma (2:11:53) - AI (2:16:05) - Advice for young people

    #421 – Dana White: UFC, Fighting, Khabib, Conor, Tyson, Ali, Rogan, Elon & Zuck

    #421 – Dana White: UFC, Fighting, Khabib, Conor, Tyson, Ali, Rogan, Elon & Zuck
    Dana White is the CEO and president of the UFC. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - LMNT: https://drinkLMNT.com/lex to get free sample pack - Notion: https://notion.com/lex - AG1: https://drinkag1.com/lex to get 1 month supply of fish oil - InsideTracker: https://insidetracker.com/lex to get 20% off Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/dana-white-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Dana's X: https://x.com/danawhite Dana's Instagram: https://instagram.com/danawhite Dana's Facebook: https://facebook.com/danawhite UFC's YouTube: https://youtube.com/@UFC UFC's Website: https://ufc.com/ PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (06:31) - Mike Tyson and early days of fighting (17:10) - Jiu jitsu (23:14) - Origin of UFC (37:25) - Joe Rogan (43:31) - Lorenzo Fertitta (45:58) - Great fighters (49:55) - Khabib vs Conor (53:01) - Jon Jones (56:03) - Conor McGregor (1:01:05) - Trump (1:06:44) - Elon vs Zuck (1:08:04) - Mike Tyson vs Jake Paul (1:10:52) - Forrest Griffin vs Stephan Bonnar (1:18:06) - Gambling (1:33:08) - Mortality

    #420 – Annie Jacobsen: Nuclear War, CIA, KGB, Aliens, Area 51, Roswell & Secrecy

    #420 – Annie Jacobsen: Nuclear War, CIA, KGB, Aliens, Area 51, Roswell & Secrecy
    Annie Jacobsen is an investigative journalist and author of "Nuclear War: A Scenario" and many other books on war, weapons, government secrecy, and national security. Please support this podcast by checking out our sponsors: - HiddenLayer: https://hiddenlayer.com/lex - BetterHelp: https://betterhelp.com/lex to get 10% off - Policygenius: https://policygenius.com/lex - NetSuite: http://netsuite.com/lex to get free product tour Transcript: https://lexfridman.com/annie-jacobsen-transcript EPISODE LINKS: Nuclear War: A Scenario (book): https://amzn.to/3THZHfr Annie's Twitter: https://twitter.com/anniejacobsen Annie's Website: https://anniejacobsen.com/ Annie's Books: https://amzn.to/3TGWyMJ Annie's Books (audio): https://adbl.co/49ZnI7c PODCAST INFO: Podcast website: https://lexfridman.com/podcast Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2lwqZIr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2nEwCF8 RSS: https://lexfridman.com/feed/podcast/ YouTube Full Episodes: https://youtube.com/lexfridman YouTube Clips: https://youtube.com/lexclips SUPPORT & CONNECT: - Check out the sponsors above, it's the best way to support this podcast - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lexfridman - Twitter: https://twitter.com/lexfridman - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lexfridman - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lexfridman - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lexfridman - Medium: https://medium.com/@lexfridman OUTLINE: Here's the timestamps for the episode. On some podcast players you should be able to click the timestamp to jump to that time. (00:00) - Introduction (07:37) - Nuclear war (12:21) - Launch procedure (18:00) - Deterrence (21:34) - Tactical nukes (30:59) - Nuclear submarines (33:59) - Nuclear missiles (41:10) - Nuclear football (50:17) - Missile interceptor system (54:34) - North Korea (1:01:10) - Nuclear war scenarios (1:10:02) - Warmongers (1:14:31) - President's cognitive ability (1:20:43) - Refusing orders (1:28:41) - Russia and Putin (1:33:48) - Cyberattack (1:35:09) - Ground zero of nuclear war (1:39:48) - Surviving nuclear war (1:44:06) - Nuclear winter (1:54:29) - Alien civilizations (2:00:04) - Extrasensory perception (2:13:50) - Area 51 (2:17:48) - UFOs and aliens (2:28:15) - Roswell incident (2:34:55) - CIA assassinations (2:53:47) - Navalny (2:56:12) - KGB (3:02:48) - Hitler and the atomic bomb (3:06:52) - War and human nature (3:10:17) - Hope