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    Creon Levit on the DarkHorse Podcast

    en-usSeptember 18, 2023

    Podcast Summary

    • Navigating complex systems in rocket science and biologyUnderstanding complex systems in rocket science and biology necessitates a deep comprehension of underlying principles and careful balancing of competing goals.

      Working in fields like rocket science and biology requires dealing with complex systems where everything is at the edge and operates under razor-thin margins. For rocket science, this means harnessing the most energetic chemical reactions to reach orbit, which comes with significant challenges and risks. Similarly, in biology, especially in tropical environments, species compete for resources, but the physical limits are less rigid, allowing for a greater number of species to coexist. These complex systems require a deep understanding of the underlying principles and careful balancing of competing goals.

    • Anthropic Principle: Why we are hereThe Earth's conditions are just right for life and space exploration, an anthropic coincidence. Stronger gravity or thicker atmosphere would limit our ability to launch and escape.

      The physical limitations of a planet, such as gravity and atmosphere, significantly impact the ability to launch and escape, making it an anthropic coincidence that Earth's conditions are just below the threshold for easy access to space. The moon, with its lower gravity and lack of atmosphere, made lunar exploration possible with minimal resources. However, if Earth had stronger gravity or a thicker atmosphere, rocket technology as we know it would be insufficient. This concept, known as the anthropic principle, allows us to understand why we find ourselves on a planet where life can exist and expand beyond its boundaries. Nick Bostrom's book "Anthropic Bias" further explores this idea. The second anthropic principle, as mentioned, allows us to leave Earth and explore other planets, but it also highlights the importance of finding a planet with conditions suitable for life, as those are the only conditions where intelligent life could arise and ask the question.

    • Size of Planets and Intelligent LifeThe size of a planet may limit the ability of civilizations to reach space due to practical considerations, but potential solutions like alternative propulsion methods and recent technological advancements offer hope.

      The size of a planet may limit the ability of space-faring civilizations to exist. While theoretically possible to reach space with a larger planet due to increased gravity, practical considerations such as the size and weight of necessary technology make it unlikely. This concept can be extrapolated to the idea that there may be a limit to the size of planets where intelligent life exists. However, alternative propulsion methods like nuclear or beamed energy could potentially overcome these limitations. Additionally, recent technological advancements include ground-launched systems using centrifuges or guns to launch projectiles into orbit, making space travel more accessible. It's essential to understand the historical context of rocketry and the potential solutions to the challenges it presents. Furthermore, the discussions surrounding the COVID-19 pandemic and the censorship industrial complex are vital, as they reveal underlying issues with our systems that need to be addressed. NASA's approach to addressing mission failures, with the help of external experts, serves as an excellent model for approaching complex issues.

    • Learning from major failures: NASA vs. COVID-19Despite challenges, investigating major failures is crucial for preventing future incidents. NASA's success demonstrates the value of impartial committees, but establishing them during the COVID-19 pandemic is complex due to industry interests and public health demands.

      Effective and thorough investigations into major failures or mishaps, like those conducted by NASA's accident investigation boards, can lead to valuable insights and prevent similar incidents from happening again. However, during the COVID-19 pandemic, there have been calls for similar investigations, but the polarized nature of the situation and potential conflicts of interest have made it challenging to establish unbiased committees. Unlike in NASA, where the incentives to cause mission failure are minimal, in the context of COVID-19 and the pharmaceutical industry, there is a demand for ill health, which can lead to questionable practices and a potential conflict between industry interests and public health. Despite these challenges, the importance of understanding what went wrong and why cannot be overstated, and ongoing efforts to establish impartial investigation boards should continue.

    • The human capacity for indifference towards sufferingDuring the COVID-19 pandemic, individuals in power made decisions that harmed the public due to indifference towards their suffering, highlighting the need for empathy and compassion.

      The COVID-19 pandemic response was marked by individuals in positions of power making decisions that disproportionately harmed the public, rather than benefited them. This phenomenon can be explained by the human capacity for indifference towards suffering that is not directly connected to us. This indifference can develop in various contexts, including in the workplace, where decisions have life-or-death consequences. People may become desensitized to the suffering of others, especially when it requires significant time and effort to alleviate. This desensitization can lead individuals to make decisions that harm some people in order to benefit others, or to prioritize their own needs over the needs of those who are suffering. While this behavior may not require a moral defect, it can result in a significant lack of empathy and compassion towards those who are suffering. The COVID-19 response serves as a stark reminder of the potential consequences of this human capacity for indifference.

    • Profit and media coverage in the pharmaceutical industry during the pandemicThe pursuit of profit and favorable media coverage in the pharmaceutical industry can overlook downstream suffering and ethical concerns, as seen during the COVID-19 pandemic. Regulatory bodies face criticism for being too slow or too quick to approve new treatments, and individual research and critical thinking are essential for informed decisions.

      The pharmaceutical industry's drive for profit and favorable media coverage can lead to the ignoring of downstream suffering and ethical concerns. This was evident during the COVID-19 pandemic, where inadequate testing, lack of objectivity, and short comment periods resulted in harm. However, it's important to note that this is not a simple issue with clear-cut solutions. People's moral weaknesses and self-interest also play a role. Moreover, the regulatory bodies, such as the FDA, face criticism from different sides - for being too slow and for being too quick to approve new treatments. The speaker's personal experience of trusting certain health experts and their counternarratives during the pandemic led them to question the trustworthiness of these authorities and to reserve judgment. This highlights the importance of individual research and critical thinking in making informed decisions.

    • Power structures maintain position amidst confusionPower structures may create new narratives to silence critics and maintain control, making it crucial to distinguish between genuine and insincere shifts in perspective.

      During times of widespread confusion and misinformation, those in power may attempt to scold both the perpetrators of the issue and those who questioned the status quo, creating a middle ground where new narratives are formed. This allows the power structure to maintain its position while appearing to address concerns. It's essential to distinguish between those who genuinely woke up to the situation and those who shifted their stance based on public pressure or the "traffic of their careers." The organic evolution of one's perspective is crucial, and individuals should strive to be truthful and transparent, even if it means facing reputational damage. The power structure may seek to silence those who challenge the status quo, but staying true to one's convictions is vital for holding those in power accountable and preventing similar situations from arising in the future.

    • Digital Quarantine: Suppressing Alternative NarrativesEntities attempt to limit reach of opposing viewpoints, shifting from overt censorship to manipulating algorithms, keeping audiences isolated and preventing new discoveries.

      There is a deliberate effort by certain entities to suppress alternative narratives and keep audiences captive, creating a form of quarantine in the digital world. This was evident during the COVID-19 pandemic when discussions around repurposed drugs and their effectiveness were met with censorship. The strategy shifted from overt silencing to manipulating reach, keeping audiences isolated and preventing new people from discovering opposing viewpoints. Elon Musk's experience with Twitter meddling highlights the subtle yet impactful nature of this interference. Despite legal rulings against government censorship, platforms like YouTube have demonetized and attempted to remove content, indicating a persistent issue. This quarantine effect limits the reach and impact of alternative viewpoints, making it crucial to remain vigilant and continue advocating for open and inclusive digital spaces.

    • YouTube's Control Over Creators' Income and ReachYouTube's algorithms and decisions can significantly impact creators' income and reach, with potential consequences for their security and livelihoods.

      YouTube, through its powerful algorithms and top-level decision-making, has the ability to significantly impact content creators' income and reach. The Rogan family experienced this firsthand when their channel was demonetized, and despite their ability to produce engaging content, they were kept at a plateau. The reasons for this interference remain unclear, but it's possible that YouTube is controlling who sees certain content to maintain a specific narrative or reach a certain audience. The decision to demonetize the channel was made at the highest level, and the impact on smaller channels can be significant, even if the creators continue to produce high-quality content. The interference with their ability to earn and produce security for their family is frustrating and maddening, especially in an increasingly dangerous world. The situation highlights the power YouTube holds over content creators and the potential consequences of challenging the status quo.

    • The Importance of Critical Thinking During a CrisisDuring the COVID-19 pandemic, individual agency and critical thinking became crucial as many people faced job losses and lacked constitutional protection. Looking forward, historical records will provide valuable insights, but it's important to question authority and maintain a critical perspective.

      The COVID-19 pandemic brought to light the fragility of our systems and the importance of individual agency and critical thinking. The speaker shares their personal experience of being let go from their job due to company compliance with the law, and the many people who couldn't find constitutional protection during the pandemic, such as health care workers and military members. They express gratitude for the courage given to some individuals by their advocacy against vaccination. Looking to the future, they believe that the truth will prevail and that historical records of the pandemic will be valuable. The speaker also references Robert Anton Wilson's thoughts on the US constitution and the potential for a "mad czar" controlling health policies. Using a biological analogy, they describe the nation as a system that was once healthy enough to function, but was dislodged enough to allow for mass censorship and harm to children based on erroneous beliefs. As an evolutionary biologist, the speaker is shocked by the suppression of contrarian voices, even among intelligent and seemingly open-minded individuals. They reflect on the importance of questioning authority and maintaining a critical perspective.

    • Exploring Uncharted Territories: The Power of Being a ContrarianBeing a contrarian can lead to unique perspectives and discoveries, but it's important to consider the context and consequences of challenging the status quo.

      Being a contrarian, or going against the norm, can be an effective way to discover new ideas and territories, especially when most people are following the crowd. The speaker in this discussion reflects on his own tendency to be contrarian and wonders why he has this trait. He realizes it's because he values exploring uncharted territories and finding unique perspectives, even if they may not be popular or widely accepted. He also considers the evolutionary perspective, suggesting that being a contrarian or a renegade might have been selected for in human societies as a way to advance and innovate. However, the speaker acknowledges that there are appropriate times and places for contrarianism, and that it's important to consider the context and consequences of challenging the status quo. For example, questioning vaccine safety and effectiveness during a global health crisis might not be the best use of contrarianism. Overall, the speaker emphasizes the importance of balancing the desire to explore new ideas with the need to consider the practical implications and the potential impact on others.

    • Challenging societal norms and questioning the status quoIndependently thinking and critically questioning societal norms can lead to valuable discoveries, but it's essential to have a strong distaste for being wrong and a willingness to admit and correct mistakes.

      Being a contrarian or dissident, looking for unlikely possibilities, and questioning societal norms can be valuable, especially when society is getting things wrong. However, it's essential to have a strong distaste for being wrong and a willingness to admit and correct mistakes. The label of contrarian or dissident doesn't define the person, but rather their ability to think independently and critically. In an era of reflexive societal errors, such as during the COVID-19 pandemic, challenging the status quo and doing one's own work can lead to important discoveries. The challenge lies in finding a balance between individual voices and collective action. It's crucial to continue speaking the truth and advocating for investigation and understanding, even when it's difficult.

    • Learning from Past Mistakes for Future WisdomReflect on past mistakes, understand societal and personal flaws, learn from experiences, and strive for wisdom and growth.

      Wisdom often requires delaying gratification and considering the long-term consequences of our actions. The speaker argues that people, including himself, have been misled in the past and may have made mistakes, but it's essential to learn from these experiences to prevent similar mistakes in the future. The speaker emphasizes the importance of self-reflection and understanding the underlying societal and personal flaws that can lead to being influenced by narratives that may not be true. The COVID-19 pandemic is seen as a unique opportunity to examine these issues and make necessary changes, rather than repeating the same mistakes in the future. The speaker also highlights the importance of standing up for one's beliefs, even if it means facing consequences, such as losing a job. Overall, the message is to learn from the past, reflect on our actions, and strive for wisdom and growth.

    • Unholy alliances lead to purging of dissidentsPowerful entities can fire dissidents, causing widespread inconvenience and slow restorations, emphasizing the need for a more inclusive society where dissenting voices are valued

      Unholy alliances between powerful entities, such as governments and unions, can lead to the purging of dissidents from their livelihoods, causing widespread inconvenience and instability. This was evident in the case of Evergreen College and the San Juan Islands ferry system, where people were fired for refusing vaccination and have yet to be rehired. These actions, while not resulting in death, still significantly impacted people's lives and revealed an interesting feature of dissident spaces. The speed at which apologies and restorations come after such actions has historically been slow, but with advancements in technology and information dissemination, there is potential for these things to happen more quickly. It's important to question the justification for these actions and consider the long-term consequences for individuals and society as a whole. As we move forward, it's crucial to strive for a more inclusive and understanding society, where dissenting voices are valued and respected. Let's pivot and explore other topics, such as AI and SpaceX, where we can find common ground and engage in thought-provoking discussions.

    • Starlink: A Last Resort for Uncensored Internet AccessStarlink, led by Elon Musk, offers uncensored internet access and is part of a broader vision for sustainable energy, access to space, and human-AI interaction, despite vulnerabilities.

      Starlink, SpaceX's satellite internet service, has become an attractive alternative for those seeking uncensored internet access. The speaker, who initially used cable broadband, was drawn to Starlink due to its potential for free speech and its status as a last resort against potential ISP censorship. Elon Musk, the founder of SpaceX, has been acquiring various companies, including Twitter, with the goal of promoting human progress and improving problematic areas, such as Twitter's potential censorship issues. The speaker believes that Musk's acquisitions, including Starlink, Tesla, SpaceX, and Twitter, are interconnected and contribute to a broader vision of sustainable energy, access to space, and human-AI interaction. While some of these ventures may not directly address the problems they aim to solve, they offer valuable technologies and solutions for the future. The speaker acknowledges the vulnerabilities of Starlink and Musk's ventures but views them as worthwhile bets due to their potential to advance human progress.

    • Managing Free Speech and Understanding AI's Role in the Digital LandscapeUpholding free speech while regulating content to prevent misinformation is crucial. AI plays a significant role in analyzing vast data and understanding the evolving digital landscape, including emerging platforms like YouTube and Substack.

      Managing free speech on digital platforms is a complex issue. While upholding free speech is important, it's also necessary to regulate content to prevent misinformation and manipulation of public consciousness. The fewer platforms where adults can have open conversations, the more people will migrate to those platforms. Twitter, for instance, has been a significant platform for public discourse, but efforts have been made to derail it due to its relatively lax content moderation policies. Moreover, the internet is evolving, and platforms like YouTube and Substack are emerging as valuable resources for learning and open discussion. AI has played a significant role in this evolution, and while it has had its ups and downs, it's now a crucial technology for analyzing vast amounts of data. The speaker, who has a long-standing interest in AI, acknowledges not being a professional in the field but recognizes its importance in understanding and interpreting the data deluge brought about by satellite imaging. In summary, managing free speech, understanding AI's role, and adapting to the evolving digital landscape are essential for navigating the complexities of the modern world.

    • Fears of societal destruction from AI may be overblownDespite concerns about AI's impact on cognitive abilities and social fabric, some argue that the current state of AI may not be as dangerous as perceived, drawing parallels to past technological advancements.

      Every new advancement in information technology, from the telegraph to the Internet and now to AI, has sparked fears of societal destruction. However, the speaker argues that the current state of AI, while significant, may not be as profound or dangerous as some perceive. He shares his experience transitioning from hardware engineering to software projects focused on machine vision and image understanding. He acknowledges concerns about the potential negative impacts of AI on cognitive abilities and social fabric, but also points out that similar fears have been raised about previous technological advancements. Despite this, he expresses concern that our civilization's fundamental values and agreements are being questioned and rejected, potentially putting our society at risk. He invites further discussion and opposing viewpoints.

    • Historical societal upheaval and current concernsThe acceptance of questionable ideas in major institutions, including academia, poses a dangerous trend with potential far-reaching consequences.

      Throughout history, there have been periods of mass hysteria and societal upheaval, with pendulums swinging between extreme beliefs and back again. However, the current state of societal discourse, particularly in academic and scientific circles, is a cause for concern due to the widespread acceptance of ideas that challenge fundamental truths and moral norms. The fact that no civilization has fully recovered from such levels of insanity does not mean it's impossible, but the pervasiveness of these beliefs in major institutions is a worrying sign. The academic community, in particular, is in a state of disarray, with many top-tier journals embracing these questionable ideas instead of rejecting them. This global acceptance of the unusual and the rejection of established facts is a dangerous trend that could have far-reaching consequences.

    • Underestimating the risks of AIDespite the vast potential of AI, it's crucial to acknowledge the potential dangers and misunderstandings in the short term. Stay informed, be skeptical, and consider the long-term implications.

      While the potential of new technologies like AI is vast and could bring significant changes in the long term, it's essential not to overlook the potential dangers and misunderstandings in the short term. The expert's impression is that there is less focus on the potential risks of AI, but history shows that we tend to overestimate the near-term effects and underestimate the long-term consequences of new technologies. The large language models, like AI, can exhibit a phenomenon known as the Gell-Mann amnesia effect, where they perform poorly when asked about topics we're experts in but sound plausible when we're not. However, it's important to remember that we're still in the earliest phases of AI development, and the potential for misalignment is a valid concern. But the expert's primary worry is the certain disasters that could result from the ability of bad actors to use AI as a force multiplier, making it increasingly challenging to evaluate information from various sources. Ultimately, it's crucial to stay informed, be skeptical, and consider the long-term implications of new technologies while acknowledging their potential short-term limitations.

    • Exploring AI's potential for societal good and addressing crisesAI offers opportunities to solve societal issues and act as therapists, but it's crucial to prioritize long-term well-being and ensure proper training to prevent negative consequences.

      While the potential dangers of AI cannot be ignored, it also presents opportunities to solve complex societal issues and potentially act as adequate therapists for those in need. However, it's crucial to ensure that AI is trained on long-term well-being metrics rather than just making people feel better in the short term. The failure investigation board idea for addressing crises like COVID-19 might not have materialized at a national level, but initiatives like the one in Florida demonstrate the potential for states to take a leading role. The discussion also touched upon the potential applications of AI in various fields, including Fission and Carrington events. Regarding the DeSantis commission, while the public hearing was productive, it remains to be seen if any significant actions will be taken following the event. Overall, the conversation highlighted the need for careful consideration and training when implementing AI technologies to ensure they bring about positive outcomes.

    • Florida's COVID-19 response: A model for complex issue investigationThe speaker acknowledges potential of advanced nuclear reactors but remains skeptical about current designs due to safety concerns and lack of waste solutions, emphasizing the importance of ongoing discussion and exploration.

      Florida's response to the COVID-19 crisis can serve as a model for proper decision-making and investigation into the origins and causes of complex issues. Regarding nuclear power, the speaker's perspective has evolved slightly, acknowledging the potential of advanced reactor designs. However, they remain skeptical about the viability of current designs due to safety concerns and the lack of solutions for nuclear waste. The speaker also emphasized the potential devastating impact nuclear weapons could have on species extinction. While avoiding nuclear weapon exchanges is crucial, the speaker argues that the safety and design of nuclear power plants are distinct issues that require ongoing discussion and exploration. They suggested exploring the work of Brett Kugelmas, who has extensively researched and interviewed experts on nuclear energy, for further insights.

    • Skepticism towards deepest perspectives in fields like virology and nuclear energyExperts' opinions should be considered but not the sole source of information. Contradictory views exist, and it's important to investigate further, particularly in the case of nuclear power, where the industry itself may contribute to cost escalation and negative perceptions.

      The perspective of experts in a field, such as virology or nuclear energy, while valuable, should not be the sole source of information. The speaker shares his experience of being exposed to contradictory views during discussions with experts in virology, and expresses skepticism towards the deepest perspectives, suggesting that they might not always be correct. He uses the example of the nuclear industry in the US, arguing that the industry itself is responsible for the slowdown and cost escalation, rather than external factors like regulations or environmentalists. The speaker also challenges the common perception of the Fukushima accident, suggesting that it was not as catastrophic as often portrayed and that people's lack of understanding of nuclear technology contributes to the panic narratives surrounding it. He encourages further investigation into the topic, particularly in the case of nuclear power, and acknowledges that he himself has had guests on his podcast to discuss these issues.

    • Creon Levitz's Impact on Information TheoryCreon Levitz, a thought leader in information theory, shares insights through YouTube, Substack, and Twitter, making complex concepts accessible and valuable to everyday life.

      Creon Levitz, a thought leader in the field of information theory, has made significant contributions to the field through his lectures, workshops, and writings. He can be found on YouTube, Substack under the name "mutual information," and Twitter handle "Creon." Although the concept of broadcasting short messages on Twitter may have seemed unremarkable when he first joined, it has proven to be a valuable idea, much like Velcro or a zipper, which may not make sense when described but have become essential in everyday life. Creon's work in mutual information is valuable and impactful, and his insights are worth exploring. If you're interested in learning more, you can find him online or in Palm Springs.

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    Ben Davidson on the Sun and on DarkHorse: https://rumble.com/v4ucpc6-apocalypse-when-ben-davidson-on-darkhorse-live.html

    Ozempic—don’t be fooled: https://twitter.com/HeatherEHeying/status/1738959829321036212

    Chao et al 2023. Semaglutide for the treatment of obesity. Trends in cardiovascular medicine, 33(3): 159-166.

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9209591/pdf/nihms-1768574.pdf

    The Times of London: Weight loss jab cuts heart disease deaths by 20%: https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/uk-weight-loss-jabs-prescription-drugs-ozempic-7dbsvkblg

    31st European Conference on Obesity: https://eco2024.org

    Abstracts from Conference: https://karger.com/ofa/issue/17/Suppl.%201

    Biden speaks: https://x.com/JoeBiden/status/1790713878248038478

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    DarkHorse Podcast
    en-usMay 15, 2024

    Apocalypse When? Ben Davidson on DarkHorse

    Apocalypse When? Ben Davidson on DarkHorse

    Live at 12:30 PT, May 10th. Bret and Ben discuss potential impacts of the sun on humanity in the coming days.

    Find Ben Davidson on X: @SunWeatherMan (https://twitter.com/SunWeatherMan)

    *****

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    Theme Music: Thank you to Martin Molin of Wintergatan for providing us the rights to use their excellent music.

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    DarkHorse Podcast
    en-usMay 10, 2024

    Anecdote in Science: The 224th Evolutionary Lens with Bret Weinstein and Heather Heying

    Anecdote in Science: The 224th Evolutionary Lens with Bret Weinstein and Heather Heying

    In this 224th in a series of live discussions with Bret Weinstein and Heather Heying (both PhDs in Biology), we talk about the state of the world through an evolutionary lens.

    In this episode, we discuss animal behavior: the implications of an orangutan using a medicinal plant to treat a wound, and the one-off videos that we’ve all seen—of cats preventing toddlers from falling, of a beluga whale retrieving a woman’s phone. What does this say about the minds of these other organisms, and about us? Also: dog domestication, from wolves, but not from foxes. And: the New York Times publishes more insipid garbage about vaccine injury, Bret returns to the question of what safety means, and The Nation turns its back on its muckraking roots.

    *****

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    Heather’s newsletter, Natural Selections (subscribe to get free weekly essays in your inbox): https://naturalselections.substack.com

    Our book, A Hunter-Gatherer’s Guide to the 21st Century, is available everywhere books are sold, including from Amazon: https://a.co/d/dunx3at

    Check out our store! Epic tabby, digital book burning, saddle up the dire wolves, and more: https://darkhorsestore.org

    *****

    Mentioned in this episode:

    Laumer et al 2024. Active self-treatment of a facial wound with a biologically active plant by a male Sumatran orangutan. Scientific Reports, 14(1), p.8932. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-024-58988-7

    County Highway: https://www.countyhighway.com

    Thousands Believe Covid Vaccines Harmed Them. Is Anyone Listening? https://www.nytimes.com/2024/05/03/health/covid-vaccines-side-effects.html

    Chris Martenson on the NYT: https://twitter.com/chrismartenson/status/1787602191114526836

    Benn et al 2023. Randomized clinical trials of COVID-19 vaccines: Do adenovirus-vector vaccines have beneficial non-specific effects?. Iscience, 26(5): https://portal.findresearcher.sdu.dk/en/publications/randomized-clinical-trials-of-covid-19-vaccines-do-adenovirus-vec

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    Never Alone: The 223rd Evolutionary Lens with Bret Weinstein and Heather Heying

    Never Alone: The 223rd Evolutionary Lens with Bret Weinstein and Heather Heying

    In this 223rd in a series of live discussions with Bret Weinstein and Heather Heying (both PhDs in Biology), we talk about the state of the world through an evolutionary lens.

    In this episode, we discuss science and religion, materialism and other ways of understanding our world. Can analysis and quantification explain everything? Can narrative, intuition, and creativity? All are or should be part of the scientific process; science is incomplete with only one mode. We also discuss models, how they fail, how difficult they are to assess, and what one recent climate model has to say about the role of air pollution in Earth’s temperature. Enlightenment values require that we use our freedom to inquire about all things that we are curious about. Also: happy Beltane!

    *****

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    *****

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    Heather’s newsletter, Natural Selections (subscribe to get free weekly essays in your inbox): https://naturalselections.substack.com

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    Check out our store! Epic tabby, digital book burning, saddle up the dire wolves, and more: https://darkhorsestore.org

    *****

    Mentioned in this episode:

    Third Man Syndrome and Shackleton: https://twitter.com/brianroemmele/status/1785827941718614291

    Clearer skies may be accelerating global warming: https://www.science.org/content/article/clearer-skies-may-be-accelerating-global-warming
     
    Hodnebrog et al 2024. Recent reductions in aerosol emissions have increased Earth’s energy imbalance. Communications Earth & Environment, 5(1):166: https://www.nature.com/articles/s43247-024-01324-8

    Nature editorial: What happens when climate change and the mental-health crisis collide? https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-024-00993-x

    Animation about mental health and climate change: https://www.imperial.ac.uk/grantham/publications/all-publications/the-impact-of-climate-change-on-mental-health-and-emotional-wellbeing-current-evidence-and-implications-for-policy-and-practice.php

    Growing up is hard to do (do not pay others to do your thinking for you): https://naturalselections.substack.com/p/growing-up-is-hard-to-do

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    We're Beating the WHO – With Dr. Kat Lindley

    We're Beating the WHO – With Dr. Kat Lindley

    Dr. Kat Lindley is the President of the Global Health Project. Bret Talks to her about the state of the World Health Organization Pandemic Treaty.

    Find Dr. Lindley on X: @KLVeritas (https://twitter.com/KLVeritas)

    *****

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    *****

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    Theme Music: Thank you to Martin Molin of Wintergatan for providing us the rights to use their excellent music.

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    Why Darwin was Right: The 222nd Evolutionary Lens with Bret Weinstein and Heather Heying

    Why Darwin was Right: The 222nd Evolutionary Lens with Bret Weinstein and Heather Heying

    In this 222nd in a series of live discussions with Bret Weinstein and Heather Heying (both PhDs in Biology), we talk about the state of the world through an evolutionary lens.

    In this episode, we discuss evolution, and how we know that it is true. We discuss the different kinds of beliefs that people have—beliefs that attempt to reconcile with reality, vs beliefs that reconcile with social standing and comfort. If your beliefs put you on the outs with your friends, do you change your beliefs, or your friends? Are you willing to give up the cocktail party for reality? We also discuss research published in 2000 and funded by Fauci’s NIAID, which demonstrated that it was possible to make chimeric coronaviruses, swapping the spike protein from one to a different species entirely. Finally: sex-biased gene expression, in which genes are expressed differently in the two sexes, in anatomical systems as varied as brain, kidneys, and liver.
    *****

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    Heather’s newsletter, Natural Selections (subscribe to get free weekly essays in your inbox): https://naturalselections.substack.com

    Our book, A Hunter-Gatherer’s Guide to the 21st Century, is available everywhere books are sold, including from Amazon: https://a.co/d/dunx3at

    Check out our store! Epic tabby, digital book burning, saddle up the dire wolves, and more: https://darkhorsestore.org

    *****

    Mentioned in this episode:

    Kennedy 2023. The Wuhan Cover-Up and the Terrifying Bio-Weapons Arms Race: https://www.skyhorsepublishing.com/9781510773981/the-wuhan-cover-up/

    Kuo et al 2000. Retargeting of coronavirus by substitution of the spike glycoprotein ectodomain: crossing the host cell species barrier. Journal of virology, 74(3):1393-1406: https://journals.asm.org/doi/full/10.1128/jvi.74.3.1393-1406.2000

    Rodríguez-Montes et al 2023. Sex-biased gene expression across mammalian organ development and evolution. Science 382(6670), p.eadf1046: https://www.science.org/doi/10.1126/science.adf1046

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